Molluscan ResearchISSN 1323-5818
 An international journal of the Malacological Society of Australasia published by Magnolia Press

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Molluscan Research 25(3): 145-163; published 20 December 2005
Copyright © The Malacological Society of Australasia

Rissooidean freshwater gastropods from the middle of the Pacific: the genus Fluviopupa on the Austral Islands (Caenogastropoda)

1Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Case postale 51, 55 rue Buffon, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
2Present address and address for correspondence: Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Section Molecular Biology, Adenauerallee 160, D-53113 Bonn, Germany, Tel: 0049 228 91 22 242, FAX: 0049 228 91 22 212, Email:


The Austral Islands comprising five islands of volcanic origin situated in the south of Polynesia, harbour what is probably the most isolated fauna of hydrobioid gastropods. To date, only two species belonging to the genus Fluviopupa have been known. We describe an additional four species. Each species is exclusive to one island. Two species each occur on Rapa and Raivavae. Only on the western-most, oldest, and most degraded island, Rimatara, were no hydrobioids found. The closest relatives occur on Fiji. Since no hydrobioids are known from the island groups between Fiji and the Austral Islands, viz. Tonga, Samoa and the Cook Islands, we assume that the common ancestor has arrived directly from Fiji before these islands were formed in the late Miocene, possibly transported by a bird. Four of the Austral species meet the IUCN criteria for Vulnerable while F. jeanyvesi n. sp. and F. tubuaia n. sp. are considered Critically Endangered. Both are known from a single locality on Raivavae and Tubuai, respectively, and they are threatened by habitat loss.

Key words: biogeography, Mollusca, Polynesia, taxonomy

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Copyright © 2005 Magnolia Press Published : 20 December 2005