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Type: Article
Published: 2023-11-02
Page range: 345-366
Abstract views: 208
PDF downloaded: 14

New data on cave spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Iran, with new species and records

Zoological Museum; Biodiversity Unit; FI-20014 University of Turku; Turku; Finland; Department of Biology; Payame Noor University; Tehran; Iran
Department of Biology; Payame Noor University; Tehran; Iran
Institute for Biological Problems of the North; FEB RAS; Portovaya Str. 18. Magadan 685000; Russia; Altai State University; Lenina Pr.; 61; Barnaul; RF-656049; Russia; Department of Zoology & Entomology; University of the Free State; Bloemfontein 9300; South Africa
Araneae Fauna troglofauna Zagros

Abstract

New data on Iranian spiders is provided based on 92 specimens collected from the interiors or surroundings of 27 caves. These specimens belong to 17 species in nine families, of which five species are described as new to science: Tegenaria pallens Zamani & Marusik, sp. n. (♂♀; Gakal Cave, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad Province) (Agelenidae); Dysdera elamana Zamani & Marusik, sp. n. (♂; Barreh Zard Cave, Ilam Province); and Harpactea zagros Zamani & Marusik, sp. n. (♂; Raad-e Gharbi Cave, Ilam Province) (both Dysderidae); Troglohyphantes megagynus Zamani & Marusik, sp. n. (♀; Kabootarlan Cave, Ilam Province) (Linyphiidae); and Mesiotelus iranicus Zamani & Marusik, sp. n. (♀; Mir Melas Cave, Lorestan Province) (Liocranidae). Additionally, two genera, Scotargus Simon, 1913 and Odontodrassus Jézéquel, 1965, and three species, Odontodrassus mundulus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) and Synaphosus syntheticus (Chamberlin, 1924) (both Gnaphosidae), and Scotargus pilosus Simon, 1913 (Linyphiidae), are recorded in Iran for the first time. The newly described and recorded species are accompanied by illustrations.

 

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