Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2022-05-16

Dario tigris and Dario melanogrammus, two new species of miniature chameleon fishes from northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Badidae)

Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Museum of Zoology, 01109 Dresden, Germany. Research Associate, The Natural History Museum, London, SW75BD, United Kingdom.
Department of Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History,SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden.
Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, 3005 Bern, Switzerland. Aquatic Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.
Pisces Taxonomy morphometrics COI species delimitation Himalaya biodiversity hotspot allopatric distribution sexual dichromatism


Dario tigris, new species, is described from mountain streams south of Mogaung, in the Ayeyarwaddy River basin, Myanmar. It differs from congeneric species by its unique colour pattern, which consists of a series of eight straight vertical bars, the first two of which in males are ash-grey and the subsequent six are orange-red in life, combined with a series of small black spots arranged in three to four rows dorsolaterally on the head and nape. It differs further from its close relative Dario hysginon, with which it may occur syntopically, by fewer dorsal-fin spines (modally 14 vs modally 15), and fewer vertebrae (modally 12+12=24 vs modally 12+13= 25). Dario melanogrammus, new species, is another barred Dario from the Chindwin River basin. It differs from all other species of the genus by its zigzagging dark vertical bars; amongst Myanmar species, it can be further distinguished from D. hysginon and D. tigris by more vertebrae (modally 26 vs 25 in D. hysginon, and 24 in D. tigris).



  1. Britz, R. (2010) A new earthworm eel of the genus Chaudhuria from the Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Myanmar (Teleostei: Synbranchiformes: Chaudhuriidae). Zootaxa, 2571 (1), 62–68.
    Britz, R., Ali, A. & Philip, S. (2012) Dario urops, a new species of badid fish from the Western Ghats, southern India (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Badidae). Zootaxa, 3348 (1), 63–68.
    Britz, R. & Ali, A. (2015) Dario huli, a new species of badid from Karnataka, southern India (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Badidae). Zootaxa, 3911 (1), 139–144.
    Britz, R. & Kullander, S.O. (2013) Dario kajal, a new species of badid fish from Meghalaya, India (Teleostei: Badidae). Zootaxa, 3731 (3), 331–337.
    Britz, R., Anoop, V.K. & Dahanukar, N. (2018). Dario neela, a new species of badid fish from the Western Ghats of India (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Badidae). Zootaxa, 4429 (1), 141–148.
    Conte-Grand, C., Britz R., Dahanukar, N., Raghavan, R., Pethiyagoda, R., Tan, H.H., Hadiaty, R.K., Yaakob, N.S. & Rüber, L. (2017) Barcoding snakeheads (Teleostei, Channidae) revisited: Discovering greater species diversity and resolving perpetuated taxonomic confusions. PLoS ONE, 12 (9), e0184017.
    Gregory, J.W. (1925) The evolution of the river system of south-eastern Asia. The Scottish geographical magazine, 41, 129–141.
    Kullander, S. O. & Britz R. (2002) Revision of the family Badidae (Teleostei: Perciformes), with descriptions of a new genus and ten new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 13, 295–372.
    Kullander, S., Norén, M., Rahman, Md. M. & Mollah, A.R. (2019) Chameleonfishes in Bangladesh: hipshot taxonomy, sibling species, elusive species, and limit of species delimitation (Teleostei: Badidae). Zootaxa, 4586 (2), 301–337.
    Plinius Secundus Maior, G. (535–1538) Naturalis Historia. Aldus, Venetia, 314 + 303 + 195 pp., index.
    Rüber, L., Britz, R., Kullander, S.O. & Zardoya, R. (2004) Evolutionary and biogeographic patterns of the Badidae (Teleostei: Perciformes) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 32, 1010–1022.
    Stamatakis, A. (2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics, 30, 1312–1313. [PMID: 24451623]
    Swofford, D.L. (2002) Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, 144 pp.
    Taylor, W.R. & Van Dyke, G.G. (1985) Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium, 9, 107–119.
    Ward, R., Zemlak, T., Innes, B., Last, P. & Hebert, P. (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 360, 1847–1857.
    Weitzman, S.H. & Vari, R.P. (1988) Miniaturization in South American freshwater fishes; an overview and discussion. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 101, 444–465.