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Monograph
Published: 2022-05-13

Katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) from the Iguaçu National Park, Brazil

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Neotropical, Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza, Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana, Avenida Tarquínio Joslin dos Santos n. 1000, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil 2Current Address: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Entomologia), Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Avenida Coronel Francisco H. dos Santos n. 100, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Neotropical, Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza, Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana, Avenida Tarquínio Joslin dos Santos n. 1000, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil. Laboratório de Orthoptera, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná, Rua Universitária, n. 2069, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Neotropical, Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza, Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana, Avenida Tarquínio Joslin dos Santos n. 1000, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil
Orthoptera Atlantic Forest bioacoustics calling song endemism inventory

Abstract

Katydids were surveyed in the Iguaçu National Park (ParNa Iguaçu), the largest preserve of the Interior Atlantic Forest in Brazil. Sampling was carried out in three different areas of the ParNa Iguaçu, including its two predominant phytophysiognomies (Seasonal Semidecidual Forest and Mixed Ombrophilous Forest), and consisted of diurnal and nocturnal active searching for katydids and also using light traps. After collected, specimens were reared until adulthood in order to record their calling songs. Almost a thousand katydids were collected, belonging to 89 species and five subfamilies. Phaneropterinae appeared as the most speciose subfamily (57 species), followed by Conocephalinae (22), Meconematinae and Pseudophyllinae, each one with four species, and Pterochrozinae (two species). Several species were recorded for the first time for the Paraná State, for the South Region of Brazil, and also for the country. Calling songs of 34 species were recorded, 29 of them unknown to science. The description of the sound produced by species of some supraspecific taxa (e.g., Aniarae, Cosmophylla and Scaphurae) is here presented for the first time. Data reinforce the relevance of ParNa Iguaçu for the maintenance of thousands of species from different taxonomic groups and also highlight the catastrophic effects that continuous pressures and threats on the preserve, despite the successive attempts to downgrade this conservation unit, may have on the outstanding biodiversity that is harboured by ParNa Iguaçu.

 

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