Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-08-31

Reconsideration of the species assigned to Faustula Poche, 1926 (Digenea: Microphalloidea) with the proposal of five new genera in the Faustulidae Poche, 1926

Laboratory of Parasitology, Biodiversity Research & Teaching Collection, Department of Ecology & Conservation Biology, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, U.S.A.
Corpus Christi Museum of Science & History, 1900 N. Chaparral St., Corpus Christi, Texas 78401, U.S.A.
Marine Science Center, University of Basrah, Iraq.
Marine Science Center, University of Basrah, Iraq.
Acanthocephala Arabian Gulf Bacciger varanasiensis n. comb. Bo-Hai Sea Faustula Faustula rahemii Gangafaustula n. gen. Gangafaustula makundai n. comb. Ganges River Gobifaustula n. gen. Gobifaustula qikouensis n. comb. India Japan key to genera key to species Lingulitrema n. gen. Lingulitrema hilsai n. comb. new genera Pronoprymna pyriformis n. comb. Pronoprymna sayori n. comb. Puget Sound San Juan Islands Schellitrema n. gen. Schellitrema gasterostei n. comb. Sindh River Singapore synonymies Tutiura Varanasi Varanasifaustula n. gen. Varanasifaustula indica n. comb. Washington State Yellow Sea

Abstract

The assignment of species to Faustula Poche, 1926 (Faustulidae Poche, 1926) is reconsidered with the proposal of Gangafaustula n. gen. to accommodate Gangafaustula makundai (Agarwal & Verma, 1981) n. comb.; Gobifaustula n. gen. to accommodate Gobifaustula qikouensis (Qui & Li, 1995) n. comb.; Lingulitrema n. gen. to accommodate Lingulitrema hilsai (Kumar & Agarwal, 1984) n. comb.; Schellitrema n. gen. to accommodate Schellitrema gasterostei (Schell, 1973) n. comb. and Varanasifaustula n. gen. to accommodate Varanasifaustula indica (Agarwal & Verma, 1981) n. comb. Faustula hilsai Kumar & Agarwal, 1984 is determined to be a species distinct from Faustula hilsai Rizvi, 1971 and F. hilsai Rizvi, 1971 is synonymized with Faustula basiri Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970. Faustula rahemii Al-Daraji, 2004 also is synonymized with F. basiri. Faustula pyriformis Kumar & Agarwal, 1984 is transferred to Pronoprymna Poche, 1926 as Pronoprymna pyriformis (Kumar & Agarwal, 1984) n. comb. Faustula sayori (Yamaguti, 1942) Yamaguti, 1958, now synonymized with Pronoprymna petrowi (Layman, 1930) Bray & Gibson, 1980, is renamed Pronoprymna sayori (Yamaguti, 1942) n. comb. based on the presence of an entire (smooth) ovary in P. petrowi (Syn. Monorcheides petrowi Layman, 1930) as originally described, and Faustula varanasiensis (Agarwal & Kumar, 1977) is transferred to Bacciger Nicoll, 1914 as Bacciger varanasiensis (Agarwal & Kumar, 1977) n. comb. We currently propose the following 5 species be retained in Faustula: F. basiri; Faustula brevichrus (Srivastava, 1935) Yamaguti, 1958; Faustula clupeae (Srivastava, 1935) Yamaguti, 1958; Faustula gangetica (Srivastava, 1935) Yamaguti, 1958 and Faustula keksooni (MacCallum, 1918) Poche, 1926. A revised key to the species of Faustula and a key to the genera within the Faustulidae are provided.

 

References

  1. Agarwal, G.P. & Kumar, R. (1977) Faustula varanasiensis n. sp. from a clupeid fish. Indian Journal of Parasitology, 1, 67–68.
    Agarwal, G.P. & Verma, H.S. (1981) Studies on the trematode parasites of fresh water fishes of Varanasi, U.P., India. II. On two new digenetic trematodes of the genus Faustula Poche, 1926 from a fresh water fish Clupea ilisha (Ham.). Rivista di Parassitologia, 42, 397–401.
    Al-Daraji, S.A.M. (2004) Description of Faustula rahemii sp. nov (Trematoda, Fellodistomidae) from clupeid fish, Hilsa ilisha (Hamilton and Buchanan, 1822) in Basrah, Iraq. Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research, 1, 85–91.
    Bray, R.A. (2008) Family Faustulidae Poche, 1928. In: Bray, R.A., Gibson, D.I. & Jones, A. (Eds.) Keys to the Trematoda. Vol. 3. CABI Publishing and the Natural History Museum, London, Wallingford, pp. 509–522. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851995885.0509
    Bray, R.A. & Gibson, D. I. (1980) The Fellodistomidae (Digenea) of fishes from the northeast Atlantic. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology Series, 37, 199–293.
    Bray, R.A., Webster, B.L., Bartoli, P. & Littlewood, T.J. (2005) Relationships within the Acanthocolpidae Lühe, 1906 and their place among the Digenea. Acta Parasitologica, 50, 281–291.
    Cribb, T.H., Bray, R.A., Littlewood, D.T.J., Pichelin, S. & Herniou, E.A. (2001) The Digenea. In: Littlewood, D.T.J. & Bray, R.A. (Eds.), Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 168–185.
    Dronen, N.O., Blend, C.K. & McEachran, J.D. (1994) Echinobreviceca coelorhynchae n. gen., n. sp. (Echinobrevicecinae n. subf.), a fellodistomid from Coelorhynchus coelorhynchus (Macrouridae) from the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Parasitology, 80, 309–311. https://doi.org/10.2307/3283763
    Fischthal, J.H. (1980) Some digenetic trematodes of marine fishes from Israel’s Mediterranean coast and their zoogeography, especially those from Red Sea immigrant fishes. Zoologica Scripta, 9, 11–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1980.tb00647.x
    Freyhof, J. (2014) Tenualosa ilisha. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2014. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T166442A1132697.en
    Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (Eds.) (2021) FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.fishbase.org (accessed 6 July 2021)
    Garner, K.L., Mohammed, E.T., Blend, C.K., Majid, B. & Dronen, N.O. (2019) Redescription of Faustula gangetica (Srivastava, 1935) (Plagiorchiida: Faustulidae) in the Hilsa shad, Tenualosa ilisha (Hamilton) (Clupeidae), from the Arabian Gulf. Comparative Parasitology, 86, 89–93. https://doi.org/10.1654/1525-2647-86.2.89
    Gupta, P.D. & Srivastava, C.B. (1960) On Faustula chauhani n. sp. (Fellodistomidae). Indian Journal of Helminthology, 12, 114–117.
    Hafeezullah, M. & Dutta, I.B. (1998) Digenetic trematodes of fishes. In: Ghosh, A.K. (Ed.), State Fauna Series 3. Fauna of West Bengal. Part 11. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, pp. 133–222.
    Hafeezullah, M. & Siddiqi, A.H. (1970) Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of India. Part II. Fellodistomatidae. Journal of Parasitology, 56, 932–940. https://doi.org/10.2307/3277509
    Kumar, R. & Agarwal, G.P. (1984) On two new species of the genus Faustula Poche, 1926 (Trematoda: Fellodistomidae) from the intestine of a clupeid fish, Hilsa ilisha (Ham.). Indian Journal of Helminthology, 36, 45–50.
    Layman, E.M. (1930) Parasitic worms from the fishes of Peter the Great Bay. Izvestiya Tikhookeanskoi. Nauchno-Promӯslovi Ostantsii, 3, 1–120. [in Russian & German]
    MacCallum, G.A. (1918) Notes on the genus Telorchis and other trematodes. Zoopathologica, 1, 77–98.
    Machida, M. & Kuramochi, T. (2003) Digenean trematodes from clupeid fishes of the genus Amblygaster of Japan and the neighboring waters. Bulletin of the National Science Museum of Tokyo, Series A, 29, 1–6.
    Margolis, L. & Ching, H.L. (1964) Review of the Trematoda genera Bacciger and Pentagramma (Fellodistomatidae) and description of P. petrowi (Layman, 1930) n. comb. from marine fishes from the Pacific coast of Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 43, 381–405. https://doi.org/10.1139/z65-037
    Mhaisen, F.T., Ali, A.H. & Khamees, N.R. (2018) Marine fish parasitology of Iraq: A review and checklists. Biological and Applied Environmental Research, 2, 231–297.
    Olsen, P.D., Cribb, T.H., Tkach, V.V., Bray, R.A. & Littlewood, D.T.J. (2003) Phylogeny and classification of the Digenea (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda). International Journal for Parasitology, 33, 733–755. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7519(03)00049-3
    Pantoja, C.S., Hernández-Mena, D.I., Pérez-Ponce de León, G. & Luque, J.L. (2018) Phylogenetic position of Pseudosellacotyla lutzi (Freitas, 1941) (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae), a parasite of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch) in South America, through 28S rDNA sequences, and new observations of the ultrastructure of their tegument. Journal of Parasitology, 104, 530–538.
    Poche, F. (1926) Das System der Platodaria. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 91, 1–459.
    Price, E.W. (1938) A restudy of Faustula keksooni (MacCallum) and Distomum tropidonoti MacCallum (Trematoda). Proceedings of Helminthological Society of Washington, 5, 9–11.
    Qiu, Z. & Li, L. (1995) I. Faustula Poche, 1926 Syn. Orientophorus Srivastava, 1935 Eurema MacCallum, 1919. In: Shen, J. & Qiu, Z. (Eds.), Studies on the trematodes of fishes from the Yellow Sea and the Bo Hai Sea. Science Press, Beijing, pp. 43–44. [in Chinese]
    Rizvi, S.S.H. (1971) Study of parasites in fishes of the Sind River. 1. Trematodes of Hilsa ilisha (Ham.). Sind University Research Journal, Science Series, 5, 189–200.
    Schell, S.C. (1973) Three new species of digenetic trematodes from Puget Sound fishes. Proceedings of Helminthological Society of Washington, 40, 227–230.
    Shen, J, & Qiu, Z. (1995) Studies on the trematodes of fishes from the Yellow Sea and the Bo Hai Sea. Science Press, Beijing, 207 pp. [in Chinese]
    Shimazu, T. (2018) Adult digeneans (Trematoda) parasitic in Hypomesus nipponensis (Osteichthyes, Osmeridae) from brackish-water lakes of Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Sciences, Series A, 44, 57–68.
    Simha, S.S. (1974) On a new species Faustula mandapamensis from the intestine of a marine fish, Stromateus cinereus, from India. Rivista di Parassitologia, 35, 99–102.
    Srivastava, H.D. (1935) New parasites of the genus Orientophorus, n. gen. (Family Fellodistomidae) from an Indian fresh-water fish, Clupea ilisha. Parasitology, 27, 374–382. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182000015298
    Tkach, V.V., Pawlowski, J. & Mariaux, J. (2000) Phylogenetic analysis of the suborder Plagiorchiata (Platyhelminthes, Digenea) based on partial 28S rDNA sequences. International Journal for Parasitology, 44, 170–179.
    Tkach, V.V., Pawlowski, J., Mariaux, J. & Swiderski, Z. (2001) Molecular phylogeny of the suborder Plagiorchiata and its position in the system of Digenea. In: Littlewood, D.T.J. & Bray, R.A. (Eds.) Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 186–193.
    Tkach, V.V., Littlewood, D.T.J., Olsen, P.D., Kinsella, J.M. & Swiderski, Z. (2003) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Microphalloidea Ward, 1901 (Trematoda: Digenea). Systematic Parasitology, 56, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025546001611
    Wang, P.-Q. (1989) Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes in Pingtan County, Fujian Province, south China. Wuyi Science Journal, 7, 151–163. [in Chinese]
    WoRMS (2021a) Faustula Poche, 1926. World Register of Marine Species. Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=725451 (accessed 10 June 2021)
    WoRMS (2021b) Faustulidae Poche, 1926. World Register of Marine Species. Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=108452 (accessed 18 June 2021)
    Yamaguti, S. (1942) Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 39. Trematodes of fishes mainly from Naha. Biogeographica: Transactions of the Biogeographical Society of Japan, 3, 329–398.
    Yamaguti, S. (1958) Systema Helminthum Vol. 1. The Digenetic Trematodes of Vertebrates. Interscience Publishers, New York, 1571 pp.

How to Cite

DRONEN, N. O. ., BLEND, C. K. ., MOHAMMED, E. T. ., & BANNAI, M. . (2021). Reconsideration of the species assigned to <em>Faustula</em> Poche, 1926 (Digenea: Microphalloidea) with the proposal of five new genera in the Faustulidae Poche, 1926 . Zootaxa, 5027(2), 231–253. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5027.2.5