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Monograph
Published: 2021-06-09

An overlooked diversity—the Costellariidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) of the Miocene Paratethys Sea

Natural History Museum Vienna, Burgring 7, 1010 Vienna, Austria
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands; Instituto Dom Luiz da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal; and International Health Centres, Av. Infante de Henrique 7, Areias São João, P-8200 Albufeira, Portugal
Mollusca Gastropoda Costellariidae Paratethys Sea Miocene Europe diversity

Abstract

The Miocene Costellariidae of the Paratethys Sea are revised. In total, 39 species in seven genera are recorded herein, documenting an unexpected diversity of these marine gastropods. The α-diversities of up to 14 species and basin-scale γ-diversities of up to 28 coeval species reveal the Central Paratethys as a unique diversity hot-spot for Miocene Costellariidae. Palaeobiogeographic relationships with the adjacent Proto-Mediterranean Sea are low at species level, and absent for Eastern Paratethyan and north-eastern Atlantic faunas.

                Antithala nov. gen. and Fedosovia nov. gen. are described as new genera. Bellardithala nov. nom. is introduced as new name for Micromitra Bellardi (1888) [non Meek, 1873]. Eight species are described as new: Antithala claviformis nov. sp., Antithala filipescui nov. sp., Bellardithala kovaci nov. sp., Bellardithala baluki nov. sp., Bellardithala fedosovi nov. sp., Bellardithala dacica nov. sp., Pusia confunda nov. sp., and Vexillum transalpinum nov. sp. Lectotypes are designated for Mitra badensis Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. brevior Friedberg, 1911, M. fuchsi Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. intermittens Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. januszkiewiczi Friedberg, 1928, M. lapugyensis Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. laubei Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. michelottii Hörnes, 1852, M. moravica Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. neugeboreni Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. partschi Hörnes, 1852, M. pseudorecticosta Boettger, 1906, M. sturi Hoernes & Auinger, 1880, M. szobbiensis Halaváts, 1884.

 

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