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Type: Article
Published: 2021-04-12
Page range: 465–494
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A new amphibious species of the genus Scolopendra Linnaeus, 1758 (Scolopendromorpha, Scolopendridae) from the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan

Systematic Zoology Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-osawa 1-1 Hachioji-shi, Tokyo, 192-0397 Japan
Center for Molecular Biodiversity Research, National Museum of Nature and Science, Amakubo 4-4-1 Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki, 305-0005 Japan.
Systematic Zoology Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-osawa 1-1 Hachioji-shi, Tokyo, 192-0397 Japan
Department of Entomology, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, 106332 Taiwan
Science Research Center, Hosei University, Fujimi 2-17-1 Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 102-8160 Japan
Myriapoda Chilopoda molecular phylogeny morphology semi-aquatic


In Japan and Taiwan, five valid species of the genus Scolopendra Linnaeus, 1758 have been described: S. morsitans Linnaeus, 1758, S. subspinipes Leach, 1816, S. mutilans Koch, 1878, S. japonica Koch, 1878, and S. multidens Newport, 1844. Recently, an undetermined species was found in the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. Using molecular phylogenetic analyses with mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA and nuclear 28S rRNA and 18S rRNA genes as well as conventional morphological examination, we successfully discriminated this sixth species as an independent lineage from S. subspinipes, S. mutilans, and other named congeners from East and Southeast Asia. Therefore, the species was described as S. alcyona Tsukamoto & Shimano, sp. nov. Several situational evidences suggest that this species prefers streamside environments and exhibits amphibious behavior.



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