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Article
Published: 2021-03-24

A new species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from San Luis Potosí, México, with notes on its physiological ecology

Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.
Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México. Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.
Facultad de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, 39000, Chilpancingo de los Bravo, Guerrero, México.
Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México. Laboratorio de Herpetología, Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.
Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México. Laboratorio de Herpetología, Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.
Laboratorio de Herpetología, Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Post Office Box 70-153, 04510, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México.
Reptilia Lepidophyma lusca sp. nov. Huasteca tropical night lizards phylogenetic relationships ecophysiology diurnality

Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increase in the descriptions of members of the lizard genus Lepidophyma. Herein, we describe a new species of Lepidophyma from the Huasteca Potosina region of Mexico, previously confused with L. gaigeae, from which it differs in lacking parietal spot, among other characteristics. We inferred its phylogenetic position and provide information on its thermal and hydric physiology, as well as on some other aspects of natural history. Molecular and morphological data supported the independent taxonomic status of the new species, indicating its placement as the sister taxon of L. gaigeae and a wide morphological separation between these species. Lepidophyma lusca sp. nov. has a diurnal-crepuscular activity period and occurs at lower elevations than L. gaigeae. Also, the new species differ from its sister taxon in its physiology, as reflected by its tendency toward higher thermal parameters and water loss rates. With the description of L. lusca sp. nov., the number of species in the genus Lepidophyma rises to 21.

 

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