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Article
Published: 2020-11-26

A new species of Sphaerotheca Günther, 1859 (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from the degraded urban ecosystems of Bengaluru, Deccan Plateau, India

Genetics Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Yuvaraja College, University of Mysore, Mysore-570005, India Mount Carmel College, Autonomous; No. 58, Palace Road, Vasanth Nagar, Bengaluru—560052, Karnataka, India
Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Western Regional Centre (WRC), Pune—411044, Maharashtra, India
Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, EPHE, UA, 57 rue Cuvier, CP 30, 75005, Paris, France
Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES), Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru—560012, India
Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Western Ghats Regional Centre (WGRC), Calicut 673006, Kerala, India
Genetics Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Yuvaraja College, University of Mysore, Mysore-570005, India
Amphibia Bengaluru Deccan Plateau Sphaerotheca urban ecosystem

Abstract

The dicroglossid genus Sphaerotheca was erected by Günther in 1859, with its range of distribution in South Asia. Since then, 13 species have been described and 10 species are considered valid. Many of these descriptions were from low to mid-elevation ranges of homestead areas, agroecosystems and degraded landscapes with a few from forested areas. In the present account, a new species of Sphaerotheca, a genetically distinct lineage with a morphological character set distinguishable from its congeners, is described from the surroundings of Bengaluru city, India. Based on evidence for the origin of the original specimen, we also designated a neotype for Rana variegata Gravenhorst, 1829, a junior primary homonym of Rana variegata Linnaeus, 1758, and permanently invalid name, so that it is now a subjective synonym of Rana (Tomopterna) breviceps rolandae Dubois, 1983.

 

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