This is the first thorough taxonomic study on the identification and description of mullets based on their morphometric and meristic characters distributed in the coastal waters of Pakistan. The samples were collected monthly for two years from different localities of Pakistan. Forty eight parameters including thirty nine morphometric and nine meristic characters were determined. In this study 13 species belongs to seven genera are briefly described including one new record and taxonomic key for these species is developed.
Amir, S.A. (2014) Species composition and seasonal abundance of demersal fishes and biology of Rhabdosarus sarba in the coastal waters of Sindh, Pakistan. Ph. D. Dissertation. University of Karachi, Karachi, 209 pp.
Bacheler, N.M., Wong, R.A. & Buckel, J.A. (2005) Movements and mortality rates of striped mullets in North Carolina. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 25 (1), 361–373.
Bernardon, M. & Vall, M.O.M. (2004) Mullet in Mauritania: Biology, ecology, fisheries and management. Fondation Internationale du Banc d’Arguin-Programme Regionale Conservation de la nature, Noukchott, 54 pp. [in French]
Blaber, S.J.M. (1976) The food and feeding ecology of Mugilidae in the St. Lucia lake system. Biological journal of the Linnaean Society, 8, 267–277.
Blaber, S.J.M. (2000) Tropical Estuarine Fishes: Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation. Vol. 7. Blackwell Science, Malden, Oxford, 372 pp.
Chang, C.W. & Iizuka, Y. (2012) Estuarine use and movement pattern of even sympatric Mugilidae fishes: the Tatu Creek estuary, central western Taiwan. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 106, 121–126.
Crosetti, D. & Blaber, S. (2016) Biology, Ecology and Culture of Grey Mullet (Mugilidae). 1st Edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 529 pp.
Durand, J.D., Hubert, N., Shen, K.N. & Borsa, P. (2017) DNA barcoding grey mullets. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 27, 233–243.
Durand, J.D., Chen, W.J., Shen, K.N., Fu, C. & Borsa, P. (2012a) Genus level taxonomic changes implied by the mitochondrial phylogeny of grey mullets (Teleostei: Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) molecular phylogenetic evidence challenges two centuries of morphology- based taxonomic studies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 64, 73–92.
Eschmeyer, W.N. (Eds.) (2015) Catalogue of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Available from: http://research.calacademy.org/research/icthyoloy/catalog/fishcatmain.asp (accessed 3 February 2015)
Fahmida, I. (2002) Mullets of Korangi Creek Karachi. Zoological Survey Records Pakistan, 14, 11–18
Fischer, W. & Bianchi, G. (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identifications sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing Area 51). Prepared and printed with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Vols. 1–6. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.htm (accessed 19 August 2014)
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2010) Fish Base. Available from: http://www.fishbase.org (accessed 12 August 2010)
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2017) Fish Base. Available from: http://www.fishbase.org (accessed 12 January 2018)
Ghasemzadeh, J. & Ivantsoff, W. (2004) Historical overview of mugilid systematics, with descriptions of Paramugil (Teleostei: Mugiliformes: Mugilidae), new genus. Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology, 8, 9–22.
Ghasemzadeh, J. (1998) Phylogeny and Systematics of Indo-Pacific mullets (Teleostei: Mugilidae) with special reference to the mullets of Australia. Ph.D. Dissertation. Macquarie University, Sydney, 397 pp.
Guillmot, N., Léopold, M., Cuif, M. & Chabanet, P. (2009) Characterization and management of informal fisheries confronted with socio-economic changes in New Caledonia (South Pacific). Fisheries research, 98, 51–61.
Harrison, I.J., Nirchio, M., Oliveria, C., Ron, E. & Gaviria, J. (2007) A new species of mullet (Teleostei: Mugilidae) from Venezuela, with a discussion on the taxonomy of Mugil Gaimardianus. Journal of fish biology, 71, 76–97.
Heras, S., Roldán, M.I. & González-Castro, M. (2009) Molecular Phylogeny of Mugilidae fishes revised. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 19, 217–231.
Hoda, S.M.S. (1985) Identification of coastal fish varieties of Pakistan. Pakistan Agriculture, 7, 38–44.
Hoda, S.M.S. (1988) Fishes from the Coast of Pakistan. Biologia, 34, 1–37.
Jalil, S.A. & Khalil-Uddin, M. (1981) A checklist of marine fishes of Pakistan. Marine Fisheries Department, Karachi, 16 pp.
Jordan, D.S. & Swain, J. (1884) A review of the American species of marine Mugilidae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 7 (743), 261–275
Lebreton, B., Richard, P., Parlier, E.P., Guillou, G. & Blanchard, G.F. (2001) Trophic ecology of mullets during their spring migration in a European saltmarsh: A stable isotope study. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 91 (4), 502–510.
Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (1984) The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, 437 pp.
MFF Pakistan (2016) A Handbook on Pakistan’s Coastal and Marine Resources. MFF Pakistan, Karachi, 78 pp.
Munro, I.S.R. (1956) Handbook of Australian Fishes. No. 6. Fisheries newsletter Sydney, 15 (12), 15–18
Nash, C.E. & Shehadeh, Z.H. (1980) Review of breeding and propagation techniques for grey mullet, Mugil cephalus L. International Center for living Aquatic Resource Management, 3, 1–87.
Nelson, J.S. (2006) Fishes of the World. 4th Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 601 pp.
Pillay, S.R. (1962) A revision of Indian Mugilidae, Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 59 (1 & 2), 254–170 & 547–576.
Psomadakis, P.N., Osmany, H.B. & Moazzam, M. (2015) Field identification guide to the living marine resources of Pakistan. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, x + 386 pp., 42 pls.
Qureshi, M.R. (1952) Fishes of Makran coast. Agriculture Pakistan, 3, 237–256.
Qureshi, M.R. (1955) Marine fishes of Karachi and the coast of Sindh and Makran. Published by Government of Pakistan Ministry of food Agriculture. Government of Pakistan Press, Karachi, 80 pp.
Qureshi, M.R. (1960 a) A field key to the identification of fishes order Mugilidae. Agriculture Pakistan, 11 (3), 1–19
Qureshi, M.R. (1965) Common freshwater fishes of Pakistan Vol. I–VIII. Government of Pakistan Press, Karachi, 61 pp.
Randall, J.E. (1955) Fishes of the Gilbert Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin, 47, 1–243.
Schultz, L.P. (1946) A revision of the genera of mullets, fishes of the family Mugilidae, with description of three new genera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 96 (3204), 377–395.
Senou, H. (1988) Phylogenetic interrelationships of the mullets (Pieces: Mugilidae). Ph.D. thesis, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 172 pp.
Shen, K. & Durand, J.D. (2016) The Biogeography of Mugilidae in India, South-East and East Asia. In: Crosetti, D. & Blaber, S. (Eds.), Biology, Ecology and Culture of Grey Mullets, Mugilidae. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 63–84.
Smith, J.L.B. (1948) A generic revision of the mugilid fishes of South Africa. Annual Magazine of Natural History, South Africa, 11 (14), 833–843.
Thomson, J.M. (1954) The Mugilidae of Australia and adjacent seas. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 5, 70–131.
Thomson, J.M. (1997) The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 41 (3), 457–562.
Turan, C., Gürlek, M., Ergüden, D., Yaðlýoðlu, D. & Öztürk, B. (2011) Systematic Status of Nine Mullet Species (Mugilidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 11, 315–321.
Valenciennes, A. (1836) Mugiloides. In: Cuvier, G. & Valenciennes, A. (Eds.), Histoire naturelle des poisons. Vol. 11. Tome Onzieme, Levrault, F.G., Paris & Strasbourg, pp. 1–127.
Whitfield, A.K., Panfili, J. & Durand, J.D. (2012) A global review of the cosmopolitan flathead mullet Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758 (Teleostei: Mugilidae), with emphasis on the biology, genetics, ecology and fisheries aspects of this apparent species complex. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22, 641–681.
Whitley, G.P. (1930a) Additions to the check-list of the fishes of New South Wales. No.3. Australian Zoologist, 6 (2), 117–123.
Whitley, G.P. (1930b) Ichthyological miscellanea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 10 (1), 8–31.
Whitley, G.P. (1945) New sharks and fishes from Western Australia Part 2. Australian Zoologist, 11 (1), 1–43.
Xia, R., Durand, J.D. & Fu, C. (2015) Multilocus resolution of Mugilidae phylogeny (Teleostei: Mugiliformes): Implications for the family’s taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 96, 161–177.
Masood, Z., Farooq, R.Y., Katselis, G., Tarar, O.M., Zehra, L., Yeamin, M.H. & Haider, M.S. (2015) Comparative survey of Morphometric and Meristic studies of four mullet species of family Mugilidae from Pakistan in relation to total body length. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences, 44 (4), 1–13.