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Article
Published: 2020-10-15

A new species of Nidirana from the N. pleuraden group (Anura, Ranidae) from western Yunnan, China

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China School of Ecology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong Province, PR China
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China
Kadoorie Conservation China, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Tai Po, Hong Kong SAR, PR China.
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China Shenzhen Shuanghuamu Biological Technology Co., Ltd, Shenzhen 51800, Guangdong Province, PR China
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China Shenzhen Shuanghuamu Biological Technology Co., Ltd, Shenzhen 51800, Guangdong Province, PR China
Shenzhen Shuanghuamu Biological Technology Co., Ltd, Shenzhen 51800, Guangdong Province, PR China
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China
School of Ecology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong Province, PR China
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong Province, PR China
Amphibia Geography phylogeny morphology Nidirana occidentalis sp. nov.

Abstract

The Music Frog genus Nidirana was recently resurrected as a distinct genus and contains 14 species distributed in subtropical eastern and southeastern Asia. The species diversity of Nidirana is dramatically underestimated, and half of its species was described in the last five years. In this study, Nidirana occidentalis sp. nov., a new species of Music Frog from western Yunnan, China, is proposed based on morphological and molecular evidences. The new species was previously misidentified as N. pleuraden, but can be distinguished from the true N. pleuraden from eastern Yunnan, and all other congeners, by a combination of morphological characteristics, and significant divergence in the mitochondrial genes (≥ 5.1% in 16S and ≥ 8.9% in CO1). Nidirana occidentalis sp. nov. is assigned to the N. pleuraden group on the basis of morphological characters, but its phylogenetic placement remains unresolved due to weak branch support. Geographically, these two species are isolated by the Red River in Yunnan, supporting the hypothesis that the Red River is an important geographical barrier that drives speciation in flora and fauna. Nidirana occidentalis sp. nov. represents the second species of N. pleuraden group and the 15th species of the genus.

 

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