Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2020-10-01

A review of the family Alycidae (Acari, Acariformes) from South Africa

Zoological Museum, Centre for Biodiversity, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland
Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa
Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa
Acari Endeostigmata Alycini Bimichaeliini Petralycini Proteromichaeliini systematics new taxa South Africa

Abstract

A taxonomic study of the family Alycidae G. Canestrini & Fanzago in South Africa revealed nine species of which seven are new to science: Alycus augrabiensis sp. nov., Pachygnathus nasutus sp. nov., Amphialycus acaciae sp. nov., A. adustus sp. nov., A. mayteni sp. nov. (Alycini); Laminamichaelia furcula sp. nov. (Bimichaeliini); and Proteromichaelia sila gen. et sp. nov. (Proteromichaeliini trib. nov.). The four previously known species of Alycidae are redescribed: Amphialycus oblongus (Halbert, 1920), Laminamichaelia shibai nom. nov. (=B. ramosus Shiba, 1976, nom. preocc.), Petralycus longicornis Theron, 1977 and P. brevicornis Theron, 1977. Keys to tribes of the family Alycidae and to genera and species recorded in South Africa are provided.

 

References

  1. Bolton, S.J., Chetverikov, P.E. & Klompen, H. (2017) Data from: Morphological support for a clade comprising two vermiform mite lineages: Eriophyoidea (Acariformes) and Nematalycidae (Acariformes). Systematic & Applied Acarology, 22 (8), 1096–1131.

    https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.63m81

    Dubinin, V.B. (1962) Class Acaromorpha. Mites, or gnathosomic chelicerate arthropods. In: Rodendorf, B.B. (Ed.), Fundamentals of Palaentology. Vol 9. Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, pp. 447−473. [in Russian]

    Dunlop, J.A. & Garwood, R.J. (2017) Terrestrial invertebrates in the Rhynie chert ecosystem. Philosphical Transactions of Royal Society, B, 373, 20160493.

    https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0493

    Grandjean, F. (1935) Les poils et les organs sensitifs portes par les pattes et le palpe chez les oribates. Première partie. Bulletin Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 2e Série, 8, 398−405.

    International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, xxix + 306 pp.

    Judson, M. (2000) Nomenclatural problems associated with the names Alycidae Canestrini & Fanzago, 1877 and Pachygnathidae Kramer, 1877 (Acari). Memorie della Società Entomologica italiana, 78 (2), 533–540.

    Kethley, J.B. (1990) Acarina: Prostigmata (Actinedida). In: Dindal, L.D. (Ed.), Soil Biology Guide, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 667–756.

    Kethley, J.B. (1991) Probable Tritonymphal Sexual Dimorphism in Alycus roseus (Bimichaeliidae: Acariformes: Acari). Journal of Entomological Science, 26, 130–135.

    https://doi.org/10.18474/0749-8004-26.1.130

    Loots, G.C. & Ryke, P.A.J. (1966) A comparative quantitative study of the micro-arthropods in different types of pasture soil. Zoologica Africana, 2 (2), 167–192.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00445096.1966.11447341

    Mihelčič, F. (1956) Oribatiden Südeuropas III. Zoologische Anzeiger, 156, 9–29.

    Mihelčič, F. (1958) Prostigmata Südeuropas (Spanien). Eos, Revista Española de Entomologia, 34, 269–290.

    Shiba, M. (1976) Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature & Life in SE Asia, Kyoto, 7, 83–229.

    Sidorchuk, E.A. (2018) Mites as fossils: forever small? International Journal of Acarology, 44 (8), 349–359.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/01647954.2018.1497085

    Theron, P.D. (1977) New species of the genus Petralycus Grandjean (Acari: Endeostigmata) from South Africa. Acarologia, 19, 38–45.

    Theron, P.D. (1979) The functional morphology of the gnathosoma of some liquid and solid feeders in the Trombidiformes, Cryptostigmata and Astigmata (Acarina). In: Piffl, E. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of Acarology, Saalfelden (Austria), 1974. Akadémiai Kiadó. Budapest, pp. 575–579.

    Thor, S. & Willmann, C. (1941) Acarina. Eupodidae, Penthalodidae, Penthaleidae, Rhagidiidae, Pachygnathidae, Cunaxidae. In: Das Tierreich. 71a. Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, pp. 1−186.

    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111434568

    Uusitalo, M. (2010) Revision of the family Alycidae (Acariformes, Acari), with special reference to European species. PhD thesis, Helsinki University Print, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 143 pp. Available from: http://ethesis.helsinki.fi (accessed 20 January 2020)

How to Cite

UUSITALO, M., UECKERMANN, E. A., & THERON, P. D. (2020). A review of the family Alycidae (Acari, Acariformes) from South Africa. Zootaxa, 4858(3), 301–340. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4858.3.1