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Type: Article
Published: 2020-09-23
Page range: 429–441
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First record of Ciocalypta Bowerbank, 1862 (Demospongiae, Suberitida, Halichondriidae) in the Eastern Pacific, with description of a new species from Peru

Universidad Científica del Sur, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Biológicas, Carrera de Biología Marina, Antigua Panamericana Sur Km. 19, Villa El Salvador, Lima, Peru.
Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista, S/N, 20940–040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Taxonomy and Phylogeny, Rue Vautier 29, B–1000, Bruxelles, Belgium. Université Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt, 50, B–1050, Bruxelles, Belgium.
Universidad Científica del Sur, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Biológicas, Carrera de Biología Marina, Antigua Panamericana Sur Km. 19, Villa El Salvador, Lima, Peru.
Demospongiae benthos biodiversity fistule Porifera San Fernando National Reserve sponges

Abstract

Ciocalypta includes species with finger-shaped fistules emerging from a basal mass and skeleton composed by a central axis and secondary tracts supporting the ectosome. Although worldwide distributed, no species of this genus has been reported from the Eastern Pacific. In this study, a new Ciocalypta is described from shallow waters of the southern coast of Peru. Ciocalypta magnastyla sp. nov. is greenish white, possesses the typical fistules with oscula located at their tips, and it is characterized by the presence of large styles (370–1000/5.0–32.5 µm) in combination with oxeas of intermediate size (160–500/5.0–12.5 µm). This new species constitutes the first record of the genus for the Peruvian coast as well as for the entire Eastern Pacific.

 

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