Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2020-07-13
Page range: 559–575
Abstract views: 56
PDF downloaded: 0

The fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of the Madeira archipelago with the description of a new Oedosphenella Frey

Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Azorean Biodiversity Group, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, PT-1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
European Invertebrate Survey—the Netherlands / Naturalis Biodiversity Center, PO Box 9517, 2300 RA, Leiden, the Netherlands
Laboratório de Qualidade Agrícola, Secretaria Regional de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural, PT-9135-372 Camacha, Madeira, Portugal
Laboratório de Qualidade Agrícola, Secretaria Regional de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural, PT-9135-372 Camacha, Madeira, Portugal
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Azorean Biodiversity Group, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, PT-1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
Tagis—Centro de Conservação das Borboletas de Portugal, PT-7480-152 Avis, Portugal.
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Azorean Biodiversity Group, University of Azores, PT-9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal.
Diptera Oedosphenella Bevismyia identification key checklist ecology distribution


A checklist of the tephritid fauna (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Madeira archipelago is presented, including 17 known species and new distribution records for Porto Santo and Desertas Islands. An identification key to Madeira Tephritidae species with detailed illustrations is also provided. A new species of Oedosphenella Frey 1936, discovered in Madeira Island in 2004, is described as Oedosphenella bob sp. n. This genus is redefined and a key to the known species is provided. Comparative morphological analysis revealed that Bevismyia basuto Munro 1957 from Malawi should be included in the genus Oedosphenella. Therefore, we consider the genus name Oedosphenella Frey 1936 to be a senior synonym of Bevismyia Munro 1957 syn.n.



  1. Al-Behadili, F.J.M., Bilgi, V., Li, J., Wang, P., Taniguchi, M., Agarwal, M., Ren, Y. & Xu, W. (2019) Cold Response of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) on a Lab Diet. Insects, 10, 1–11.

    Aluja, M. & Mangan, R.L. (2008) Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) host status determination: critical conceptual, methodological, and regulatory considerations.

    Annual Review of Entomology, 53, 473–502.

    Alyokhin, A.V., Messing, R.H. & Duan, J.J. (2001) Utilization of the exotic weed Pluchea odorata (Asteraceae) and related plants by the introduced biological control agent Acinia picturata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii. Biocontrol Science Technology, 11, 703–710.

    Becker, T. (1908) Dipteren der Insel Madeira. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 4, 183–206.

    Boieiro, M., Aguiar, A.F., Aguiar, C.A.S., Borges, P.A.V., Cardoso, P., Crespo, L., Menezes, D., Pereira, F., Rego, C., Silva, I., Silva, P.M. & Serrano, A.R.M. (2013) Madeira, the biodiversity pearl—valuing the native habitats and endemic life forms. Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia, Lisboa, 80 pp.

    Boieiro, M., Aguiar, A.F., Rego, C., Borges, P.A.V. & Serrano, A.R.M. (2015) The biodiversity of terrestrial arthropods in Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Proyecto S.E.A. Ibero Diversidad Entomológica. Revista IDE@—SEA, 6b, 1–21.

    Borges, P.A.V., Aguiar, A.M.F., Boieiro, M., Carles-Tolrá, M. & Serrano, A.R.M. (2008) List of arthropods (Arthropoda). In: Borges, P.A.V., Abreu, C., Aguiar, A.M.F., Carvalho, P., Jardim, R., Melo, I., Oliveira, P., Sérgio, C., Serrano, A.R.M. & Vieira, P. (Eds.), A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo, pp. 271–356.

    Cardoso, P., Erwin T.L., Borges, P.A.V. & New, T.R. (2011) The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biological Conservation, 144 (11), 2647–2655.

    Cogan, B.H. & Munro, H.K. (1980) Family Tephritidae. In: Crosskey, R.W. (Ed), Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. British National Museum, London, pp. 518–554.

    Drew, R.A.I., Courtice, A.C. & Teakle, D.S. (1983) Bacteria as a natural source of food for adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia, 60, 279–284.

    Duyck, P.F., David, P. & Quilici, S. (2004) A review of relationships between interspecific competition and invasions in fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Ecological Entomology, 29, 511–529.

    Fernández-Palacios, J.M. (2010) The islands of Macaronesia. In: Serrano, A.R.M., Borges, P.A.V., Boieiro, M. & Oromí P. (Eds), Terrestrial arthropods of Macaronesia—biodiversity, ecology and evolution. Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia, Lisboa, pp. 1-30.

    Freidberg, A. (1987) Orthocanthoides aristae, a remarkable new genus and species of Tephritidae (Diptera) from Mount Kenya. Annals of the Natal Museum, 28 (2), 551–559.

    Freidberg, A. & Kaplan, F. (1992) Revision of the Oedaspidini of the Afrotropical Region (Diptera: Tephritidae: Tephritinae). Annals of the Natal Museum, 33 (1), 51–94.

    Frey, R. (1936) Die Dipterenfauna der Kanarischen Inseln und ihre Probleme. Commentationis biologicae, 6 (1), 1–237.

    Frey, R. (1949) Die Dipterenfauna der Insel Madeira. Commentationes Biologicae, 8, 1–47.

    El Harym, Y. & Belqat, B. (2017) First checklist of the fruit flies of Morocco, including new records (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys, 702, 137–171.

    Han, H.-Y. & Ro, K.-E (2019) DNA barcoding reveals a species group of the genus Campiglossa (Diptera, Tephritidae, Tephritinae) with recognition of a new species from East Asia and previously unknown females of Campiglossa coei (Hardy). Zookeys, 899, 1–36.

    Hendrichs, J., Lauzon, C.R., Cooley, S.S. & Prokopy, R.J. (1993) Contribution of natural food sources to adult longevity and fecundity of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae). Annals of the entomological society of America, 86 (3), 250–264.

    Kapoor, V.C. (2005) Taxonomy and biology of economically important fruit flies of India. Israel Journal of Entomology, 35–36, 459–475.

    Korneyev, V.A. & Dirlbek, J. (2000) The fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Syria, Jordan and Iraq. Studia dipterological, 7, 463–482.

    Korneyev, S.V. & Klasa, A. (2016) New records and a revised checklist of fruit flies of the Genus Tephritis (Diptera, Tephritidae) from Ukraine. Vestnik zoologii, 50 (3), 219–224.

    Malacrida, A.R., Gomulski, L.M., Bonizzoni, M., Bertin, S., Gasperi, G. & Guglielmino, C.R. (2007) Globalization and fruit fly invasion and expansion: the medfly paradigm. Genetica, 131 (1), 1–9.


    Malheiro, R., Casal, S., Baptista, P. & Pereira, J.A. (2015) A review of Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) impact in olive products: from the tree to the table. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 44 (2), 226–242.

    Médail, F. & Quézel, P. (1999) Biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean Basin: setting global conservation priorities. Conservation Biology, 13 (6), 1510–1513.

    Merz, B. (1992) The fruit flies of the Canary Islands (Diptera: Tephritidae). Entomologica Scandinavia, 23, 215–231.

    Merz, B. (2001) Faunistics of the Tephritidae (Diptera) of the Iberian Peninsula and the Baleares. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique Suisse, 74, 91–98.

    Mohamadzade Namin, S., Nozari, J. & Rasoulian, G.H. (2010) The fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Tehran province, with new records for Iranian fauna. Vestnik zoologii. 44 (1), 23–34.

    Mohamadzade Namin, S. & Nozari, J. (2012) The first report of two new genera of the subfamily Tephritinae (Dip.:Tephritidae) from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 31 (2), 1–3.

    Mohamadzade Namin S. & Nozari, J. (2015) Fruit flies of the Genus Campiglosa (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Iran, with the key to species. Vestnik zoologii, 49 (3), 251–260.

    Munro, H.K. (1939) Studies in African Trypetidae, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 1, 26–46.

    Munro, H.K. (1957) Sphenella and some allied genera (Trypetidae, Diptera). Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa, 20 (1), 14–57.

    Myers, N., Mittermeier, R., Mittermeier, C., Fonseca, G. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853–858.

    Nardi, F., Carapelli, A., Dallai, R., Roderick, G.K. & Frati, F. (2005) Population structure and colonization history of the olive fly Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Molecular Ecology, 14, 2729–2738.

    Norrbom, A.L., Carroll, L.E., Thompson, F.C., White, I.M. & Freidberg, A. (1999) Systematic database of names. In: Thompson, F.C. (Ed.), Fruit fly expert identification system and systematic information database. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, pp. 65–299.

    Oliveira, C.M., Auad, A.M., Mendes, S.M. & Frizzas, M.R. (2013) Economic impact of exotic insect pests in Brazilian agriculture. Journal of Applied Entomology, 137, 1–15.

    Pereira, R. (1999) Subprograma de Luta Autocida contra Ceratitis capitata. In: Carvalho, J.P. (Ed.), Contribuição para a Protecção Integrada na Região Autónoma da Madeira. Secretaria Regional de Agricultura Florestas e Pescas, Funchal, pp 177–210.

    Qin, Y.-J., Krosch, M.N., Schutze, M.K., Zhang, Y., Wang, X.-X., Prabhakar, C.S., Susanto, A., Hee, A.K.W., Ekesi, S., Badji, K., Khan, M., Wu, J.-J, Wang, Q.-L., Yan, G., Zhu, L.-Y., Zhao, Z.-H, Liu, L.-J., Clarke, A.R. & Li, Z.-H. (2018) Population structure of a global agricultural invasive pest, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Evolutionary Applications, 11 (10), 1990–2003.

    Smit, J.T. (2006) The Tephritidae (Diptera) of the Madeiran Archipelago, Portugal. Instrumenta Biodiversitatis, 7, 243–258.

    Smit, J.T., Reijnen, B. & Stokvis, F. (2013) Half of the European fruit fly species barcoded (Diptera: Tephritidae); a feasibility test for molecular identification. Zookeys, 365, 279–305.

    Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011) New arthropod records from Maui Nui. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 109, 35–42.

    Stephens, A.E.A., Kriticos, D.J. & Leriche, A. (2007) The current and future potential geographical distribution of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97, 369–378.

    Vieira, R.M.S. (1952) A mosca da fruta Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) na Ilha da Madeira. Grémio dos Exportadores de Frutas e Produtos Hortícolas da Ilha da Madeira, Madeira, 220 pp.

    White, I.M. (1988) Tephritid flies: handbooks for the identification of British insects. Royal Entomological Society of London, London, 134 pp.

    White, I.M. & Elson-Harris, M.M. (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CAB international, Wallingford, 601 pp.

    Wollaston, T.V (1858) Brief diagnostic characters of undescribed Madeiran Insects [concluding part]. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1 (2), 113–125.