Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Monograph
Published: 2020-05-12
Page range: 1–159
Abstract views: 314
PDF downloaded: 5

Carnivorous sponges from the Australian Bathyal and Abyssal zones collected during the RV Investigator 2017 Expedition

Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 2School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, 4072 Australia,
Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 München, Germany GeoBio-Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 München, Germany
Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Queensland, Australia
Porifera Cladorhizidae Abyssocladia Asbestopluma Cladorhiza Chondrocladia Lycopodina Euchelipluma

Abstract

This research presents 17 new species of carnivorous sponges from the family Cladorhizidae sampled at bathyal and abyssal depths off the east coast of Australia during the RV Investigator 2017 Abyss Expedition. The species are comprised of six genera: Abyssocladia escheri sp. nov., Aannae sp. nov., A. gliscofila sp. nov., Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) maxisigma sp. nov., Cladorhiza australis nov. sp., C. poritea sp. nov., C. investigator sp. nov., C. moniqueae sp. nov., C. pentaeiros sp. nov., Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) freycinetensis sp. nov., Ch. (Ch.) callistemonex sp. nov., Ch. (Ch.) zygainadentonis sp. nov., Lycopodina nikitawimandi sp. nov., L. helios sp. nov., L. cassida sp. nov., L. brochidodroma sp. nov. and Euchelipluma claudochela sp. nov. Only three carnivorous species, A. desmophoraAs. (As.) desmophora and C. (Meliidermatasmaniensis, have been recorded from Australia previouslyThis expedition also recovered two described species commonly recorded from the Southern Hemisphere Ch. (Ch.) clavata and L. calyx. This paper also redescribes two species from the South Pacific i.e. C. mirabilis and C. similis.

 

References

  1. Bakran-Petricioli, T., Vacelet, J., Zibrowius, H., Petricioli, D. & Chevaldonné, P. (2007) New data on the distribution of the ‘deep-sea’ sponges Asbestopluma hypogea and Oopsacas minuta in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology, 28 (1), 10–23.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.2007.00179.x

    Bergquist, P.R. (1972) Deep water Demospongiae from New Zealand. Micronesica, 8 (1–2), 125–136.

    Boury-Esnault, N. & Van Beveren, M. (1982) Les Démosponges du plateau continental de Kerguelen-Heard. Comité national français des recherches antarctiques, 52, 1–175.

    Brøndsted, H.V. (1929) Neue Schwämme aus Amoy an der Formosa-Strasse. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 81 (7–10), 224–229.

    Burton, M. (1929) Porifera. Part II. Antarctic sponges. British Antarctic (‘Terra Nova’) Expedition, 1910. Natural History Report, British Museum (Natural History), London, Zoology, 6 (4), 393–458, pls. I–V.

    Burton, M. (1932) Sponges. Discovery Reports, 6, 237–392, pls 48–57.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.24379

    Burton, M. (1934) Sponges. In: Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901–03 under the Direction of Dr. Otto Nordenskjöld. 3 (2). Norstedt & Söner, Stockholm, pp. 1–58, pls. I–VIII.

    Burton, M. (1956) The Sponges of West Africa. Atlantide Report. Scientific Results of the Danish Expedition to the Coasts of Tropical West Africa, 1945–1946, Copenhagen, 4, 111–147.

    Cárdenas, P., Pérez, T. & Boury-Esnault, N. (2012) Chapter 2. Sponge Systematics Facing New Challenges. Advances in Marine Biology, 61, 79–209.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387787-1.00010-6

    Carter, H.J. (1874) Descriptions and Figures of Deep-sea Sponges and their Spicules from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869; with Figures and Descriptions of some remarkable Spicules from the Agulhas Shoal and Colon, Panama. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 14 (79), 207–221 + 245–257, pls. XIII–XV.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222937408680964

    Carter, H.J. (1876) Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S. ‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 18 (105–108), 226–240; 307–324; 388–410; 458–479, pls. XII–XVI.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222937608682078

    Castello-Branco, C., Hestetun, J.T., Rapp, H.T. & Hajdu, E. (2016) Taxonomy of Cladorhiza in the deep SW Atlantic: C. nicoleae sp. nov. and redescription of C. inversa (Cladorhizidae, Poecilosclerida, Demospongiae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 96 (2), 297–303.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415000211

    Chombard, C., Boury-Esnault, N. & Tillier, S. (1998) Reassessment of homology of morphological characters in tetractinellid sponges based on molecular data. Systematic Biology, 47, 351–366.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/106351598260761

    Cristobo, F.J., Urgorri, V. & Ríos, P. (2005) Three new species of carnivorous deep-sea sponges from the DIVA-1 expedition in the Angola Basin (South Atlantic). Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 5, 203–213.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2004.11.004

    Cristobo, F.J., Ríos, P., Pomponi, S.A. & Xavier, J.R. (2015) A new carnivorous sponge, Chondrocladia robertballardi sp. nov.(Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from two north-east Atlantic seamounts. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 95, 1345–1352.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315414001325

    Dendy, A. (1887) The Sponge-fauna of Madras. A Report on a Collection of Sponges obtained in the Neighbourhood of Madras by Edgar Thurston, Esq. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 20 (117), 153–165, pls. IX–XII.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938709460032

    Dendy, A. (1922) Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S. ‘Sealark’ in the Indian Ocean. In: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905. Vol. 7. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 18 (1), pp. 1–164, pls. 1–18.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1922.tb00547.x

    Dressler-Allame, M., Göcke, C., Kersken, D., Plotkin, A. & Janussen, D. (2017) Carnivorous sponges (Cladorhizidae) of the deep Weddell Sea, with description of two new species. Deep-Sea Research II, 4121, 190–206.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.08.006

    Edgar, R.C. (2004) MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research, 32 (5), 1792–1797.

    https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340

    Ekins, M., Erpenbeck, D. Wörheide, G. & Hooper, J.N.A. (2015) Staying well connected—Lithistid sponges on seamounts. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 96 (2), 437–451.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415000831

    Ereskovsky, A.V. & Willenz, P. (2007) Esperiopsis koltuni sp. nov. (Demospongiae: Poecilosclerida: Esperiopsidae), a carnivorous sponge from deep water of the Sea of Okhotsk (North Pacific). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87 (06), 1379–1386.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315407058109

    Erpenbeck, D., Ekins, M., Enghuber, N., Hooper, J.N.A., Lehnert, H., Poliseno, A., Schuster, A., Setiawan, E., de Voogd, N.J., Wörheide, G. & van Soest, R.W.M. (2016) Nothing in (sponge) biology makes sense—except when based on holotypes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 96, 305–311.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415000521

    Göcke, C. & Janussen, D. (2013) Demospongiae of ANT XXIV/2 (SYSTCO I) Expedition— Antarctic Eastern Weddell Sea. Zootaxa, 3692 (1), 28–101.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3692.1.5

    Göcke, C., Hestetun, J.T., Uhlir, C., Freiwald, A., Beuck, L. & Janussen, D. (2016) Cladorhiza corallophila sp. nov., a new carnivorous sponge (Cladorhizidae, Demospongiae) living in close association with Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata (Scleractinia). Zootaxa, 4168 (3), 512–524.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4168.3.4

    Goodwin, C.E., Berman, J., Downey, R.V. & Hendry, K.R. (2017) Carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Demospongiae: Poecilosclerida: Cladorhizidae) from the Drake Passage (Southern Ocean) with a description of eight new species and a review of the family Cladorhizidae in the Southern Ocean. Invertebrate Systematics, 31 (1), 37–64.

    https://doi.org/10.1071/IS16020

    Grant, R.E. (1836) Animal Kingdom. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.), The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Vol. 1. Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, London, pp. 107–118.

    Hajdu, E. & Lerner, C. (2002) Family Guitarridae Dendy, 1924. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.), Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 651–655.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0747-5_70

    Hajdu, E., Van Soest, R.W.M. & Hooper, J.N.A. (1994) Proposal for a phylogenetic subordinal classification of poecilosclerid sponges. In: Van Soest, R.W.M., Van Kempen, Th. M.G. & Braekman, J.-C. (Eds.), Sponges in Time and Space. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 123–139.

    Hentschel, E. (1914) Monaxone Kieselschwämme und Hornschwämme der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903. Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition, 15 (1), 35–141, pls. IV–VIII.

    Hestetun, J., Fourt, M., Vacelet, J., Boury-Esnault, N. & Rapp, H.T. (2015) Cladorhizidae (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) of the deep Atlantic collected during Ifremer cruises, with a biogeographic overview of the Atlantic species. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 95 (7), 1311–1343.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315413001100

    Hestetun, J.T., Vacelet, J., Boury-Esnault, N., Borchiellini, C., Kelly, M., Ríos, P., Cristobo, F.J. & Rapp, H.T. (2016a) The systematics of carnivorous sponges. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 94, 327–345.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.08.022

    Hestetun, J.T., Pomponi, S.A. & Rapp, H.T. (2016b) The cladorhizid fauna (Porifera, Poecilosclerida) of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. Zootaxa, 4175 (6), 521–538.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4175.6.2

    Hestetun, J.T., Rapp, H.T. & Xavier, J. (2017a) Carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Cladorhizidae) from the Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge seamounts. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 137, 166–189.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.03.004

    Hestetun, J.T., Tompkins-Macdonald, G. & Rapp, H.T. (2017b) A review of carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from the boreal north Atlantic and Arctic. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 181, 1–69.

    https://doi.org.10.1093/zoolinnean/zlw022

    Hestetun, J.T., Rapp, H.T. & Pomponi, S. (2019) Deep-Sea Carnivorous Sponges From the Mariana Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 371.

    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00371

    Hinde, G.J. & Holmes, W.M. (1892) On the sponge remains in the Lower Tertiary strata near Oamaru, Otago, New Zealand. Linnaean Journal of Zoology, 2, 177–262.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1892.tb02480.x

    Holland, L.Z. (2016) Tunicates. Current Biology, 26 (4), R146–R152.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.12.024

    Hooper, J.N.A. & Lévi, C. (1989) Esperiopsis desmophora n.sp. (Porifera: Demospongiae): a desma-bearing Poecilosclerida. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 27 (2), 437–441.

    Ise, Y. & Vacelet, J. (2010) New carnivorous sponges of the genus Abyssocladia (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from Myojin Knoll, Izu-Ogasawara Arc, southern Japan. Zoological Science, 27 (11), 888–894.

    https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.27.888

    Kelly, M. & Vacelet, J. (2011) Three new remarkable carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Cladorhizidae) from deep New Zealand and Australian (Macquarie Island) waters. Zootaxa, 2976 (1), 55–68.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2976.1.4

    Kelly, M., Edwards, A.R., Wilkinson, M.R., Alvarez, B., Cook, S. de C., Bergquist, P.R., Buckeridge, St. J., Campbell, H.J., Reiswig, H.M.,Valentine, C. & Vacelet, J. (2009) Phylum Porifera: sponges. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.), New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata. Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, pp. 23–46.

    Kieschnick, O. (1896) Silicispongiae von Ternate nach den Sammlungen von Herrn Prof. Dr. W. Kükenthal. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 19 (520), 526–534.

    Koltun, V.M. (1955) Sponges. Atlas of the Invertebrate Fauna of the Far-Eastern Seas of the USSR. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 45–50, pls. 4–6. [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1958) [Cornacuspongia of sea waters washing the South Sakhalin and the South Kurile Island region]. Issledovaniya dal’nevostochnÿkh morei SSR, 5, 42–77, figs. 1–25.

    Koltun, V.M. (1959) [Siliceous horny sponges of the northern and far eastern seas of the U.S.S.R.].Opredeliteli po faune SSR, izdavaemye Zoologicheskim muzeem Akademii nauk, 67, 1–236. [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1962) Four rayed and siliceous horny sponges from the Pacific shallow waters of Paramushir and Shumshu Islands. Issledovaniya dal’nevostochnykh morei SSSR, 8, 181–199. [in Russian]

    Koltun, V.M. (1964) Sponges of the Antarctic. 1 Tetraxonida and Cornacuspongida. In: Pavlovskii, E.P., Andriyashev, A.P. & Ushakov, P.V. (Eds.), Biological Reports of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955–1958), 1964, pp. 6–133 + 443–448.

    Koltun, V.M. (1970) Sponge fauna of the northwestern Pacific from the shallows to the hadal depths. In: Bogorov, V.G. (Ed.), Fauna of the Kurile-Kamchatka Trench and its environment. Institute of Oceanology of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., 86. (Akademiya Nauk SSSR. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii in P.P. Shishov and Izdatelstvo Nauka, Moskwa, pp. 165–221.

    Lambe, L.M. (1893 [1894]) Sponges from the Pacific coast of Canada. Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 11 (4), 25–43, pls. II–IV.

    Lambe, L.M. (1900) Sponges from the coasts of north-eastern Canada and Greenland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 6, 19–49.

    Lankester, E.R. (1882) Dredging in the Norwegian Fjords. Nature, xxvi, 478–479.

    https://doi.org/10.1038/026478a0

    Laubenfels, M.W. de (1936) A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. In: Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication 467. Tortugas Laboratory Paper, 30, pp. 1–225, pls. 1–22.

    Lee, W.L., Reiswig, H.M., Austin, W.C. & Lundsten, L. (2012) An extraordinary new carnivorous sponge, Chondrocladia lyra, in the new subgenus Symmetrocladia (Demospongiae, Cladorhizidae), from off of northern California, USA. Invertebrate Biology, 131 (4), 259–284.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/ivb.12001

    Lehnert, H., Watling, L. & Stone, R. (2005) Cladorhiza corona sp. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) from the Aleutian Islands (Alaska). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 85, 1359–1366.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315405012531

    Lehnert, H., Stone, R. & Heimler, W. (2006) New species of deep-sea demosponges (Porifera) from the Aleutian Islands (Alaska, USA). Zootaxa, 1250, 1–35.

    Lévi, C. (1964) Spongiaires des zones bathyale, abyssale et hadale. Galathea Report. Scientific Results of The Danish Deep-Sea Expedition Round the World, 1950–52, 7, 63–112.

    Lévi, C. (1993) Porifera Demospongiae: Spongiaires bathyaux de Nouvelle-Calédonie, récoltés par le ‘Jean Charcot’ Campagne BIOCAL, 1985. In: Crosnier, A. (Ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM. Vol. 11. Mémoires du Muséum national de l’Histoire naturelle, (A), 158, pp. 9–87.

    Levinsen, G.M.R. (1887) Kara-Havets Svampe (Porifera). Dijmphna-Togtets zoologisk-botaniske Udbytte, 1, 339–372, pls. XXIX–XXXI.

    Lopes, D.A. & Hajdu, E. (2014) Carnivorous sponges from deep-sea coral mounds in the Campos Basin (SW Atlantic), with the description of six new species (Cladorhizidae, Poecilosclerida, Demospongiae). Marine Biology Research, 10 (4), 329–356.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2013.797587

    Lopes, D.A., Bravo, A. & Hajdu, E. (2011) New carnivorous sponges (Cladorhizidae: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae) from off Diego Ramirez Archipelago (south Chile), with comments on taxonomy and biogeography of the family. Invertebrate Systematics, 25, 407–443.

    https://doi.org/10.1071/IS11015

    Lundbeck, W. (1905) Porifera. (Part II.) Desmacidonidae (pars.). In: The Danish Ingolf-Expedition. 6 (2). Bianco Luno, Copenhagen, pp. 1–219, pls. I–XX.

    Lundsten, L., Reiswig, H.M. & Austin, W.C. (2014) Four new species of Cladorhizidae (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from the Northeast Pacific. Zootaxa, 3786 (2), 101–123.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3786.2.1

    Lundsten, L., Reiswig, H.M. & Austin, W.C. (2017) Three new species of Cladorhiza (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa, 4317 (2), 247–260.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4317.2.3

    Ridley, S.O. & Dendy, A. (1886) Preliminary report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. Challenger. Part I. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 18, 325–351 + 470–493.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938609459998

    Ridley, S.O. & Dendy, A. (1887) Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger’, 1873–1876, Zoology, 20 (59), i–lxviii + 1–275, pls. I–LI, 1 map.

    Reiswig, H.M. & Lee, W.L. (2007) A new species of Cladorhiza (Porifera: Cladorhizidae) from S. California (USA). In: Custódio, M.R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E. & Muricy, G. (Eds.), Porifera Research. Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Livros de Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 28, pp. 517–523.

    Ríos, P., Kelly, M. & Vacelet, J. (2011) Cercicladia australis, a new carnivorous sponge with novel chelae from the Tasman Basin and the Argentine Patagonian Margin (Porifera, Cladorhizidae). Zootaxa, 3131 (1), 52–62.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3131.1.3

    Rützler, K., Van Soest, R.W.M. & Piantoni, C. (2009) 11. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, D.L. & Camp, D.K. (Eds.), Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Texas A & M University Press, College Station, Texas, pp. 285–313.

    Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular cloning. Cold spring harbor laboratory press, New York, 1659 pp.

    Sars, G.O. (1872) Spongiae. In: Kongelige Norske Universitet (Ed.), On some remarkable forms of animal life from the great depths off the Norwegian coast. I. Partly from posthumous manuscripts of the late professor Dr. Michael Sars. Brøgger & Christie, Christiania, pp. 1–82, pls. I–VI., pp. 62–82, pl. VI.

    Schmidt, O. (1870) Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 2 + 88 pp., VI pls. [pp. iii–iv + 1–88, pls. I–VI]

    Schmidt, O. (1875) Spongien. In: Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel, 2–3, pp. 115–120, pl. I.

    Schmidt, O. (1880) Die Spongien des Meerbusen von Mexico (Und des caraibischen Meeres). Abtheilung II. Hexactinelliden. Heft II. In: Reports on the dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the USCSS ‘Blake’. Gustav Fischer, Jena, pp. 33–90, pls. V–X.

    Sollas, W.J. (1885) A Classification of the Sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5, 16 (95), 395.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222938509459901

    Stamatakis, A. (2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics, 30 (9), 1312–1313.

    https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033

    Tanita, S. (1965) Porifera. In: Okada, Y., Uchida, S. & Uchida, T. (Eds.), New Illustrated Encyclopaedia of the Fauna of Japan I. Hokuryukan, Tokyo, pp. 138–166. [in Japanese]

    Tautz, D. & Renz, M. (1983) An optimized freeze-squeeze method for the recovery of DNA fragments from agarose gels. Analytical Biochemistry, 132, 14–19.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(83)90419-0

    Tendal, O.S. (1973) Sponges collected by the Swedish Deep Sea Expedition. Zoologica Scripta, 2, 33–38.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1973.tb00795.x

    Thomson, C.W. (1873) The Depths of the Sea. Macmillan and Co., London, 527 pp.

    Topsent, E. (1890) Notice préliminaire sur les spongiaires recueillis durant les campagnes de l’Hirondelle. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France, 15, 26–32 + 65–71.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.18721

    Topsent, E. (1901) Spongiaires. Résultats du voyage du S.Y. ‘Belgica’ en 1897–99 sous le commandement de A. de Gerlache de Gomery. Expédition antarctique belge. Zoologie, 4, 1–54, pls. I–VI. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.18721

    Topsent, E. (1904) Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco, 25, 1–280, pls. 1–18.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.61852

    Topsent, E. (1909) Etude sur quelques Cladorhiza et sur Euchelipluma pristina n. g. et n. sp. Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco, 151, 1–23, pls. I–II.

    Topsent, E. (1920) Spongiaires du Musée Zoologique de Strasbourg. Monaxonides. Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco, 381, 1–36.

    Topsent, E. (1928a) Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert ler de Monaco. Résultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco, 74, 1–376, pls. I–XI.

    Topsent, E. (1928b) Eponges des côtes du Japon. Collection du Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Annales de l’Institut océanographique, 6 (2), 297–319, pls. I–III.

    Topsent, E. (1928c) Une Mycaline productrice de desmes Desmatiderma arbuscula, n.g., n.sp. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique, Monaco, 519, 1–8

    Topsent, E. (1929) Notes sur Helophloeina stylivarians n.g. n.sp., Mycaline à desmes des Canaries. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique, Monaco, 533, 1–8.

    Topsent, E. (1930) Chondrocladia yatsui n.sp., de la Baie de Sagami. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 12, 421–432.

    Vacelet, J. (2006) New carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Poecilosclerida) collected from manned submersibles in the deep Pacific. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 148, 553–584.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00234.x

    Vacelet, J. (2007) Diversity and evolution of deep-sea carnivorous sponges. In: Custódio, M. R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E. & Muricy, G. (Eds.), Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 107–115. Available from: http://www2.ib.usp.br/~mcust/7thISS/09-book/book.htm (accessed 1 January 2020)

    Vacelet, J. (2008) A new genus of carnivorous sponges (Porifera: Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) from the deep N-E Pacific, and remarks on the genus Neocladia. Zootaxa, 1752 (1), 57–65.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1752.1.3

    Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (1996) A new species of carnivorous sponge (Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) from a Mediterranean cave. In: Willenz, Ph. (Ed.), Recent Advances in Sponge Biodiversity Inventory and Documentation. Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Biologie, 66 (Supplément), pp. 109–115.

    Vacelet, J. & Boury-Esnault, N. (2002) A new species of carnivorous deep-sea sponge (Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) associated with methanotrophic bacteria. Cathiers de Biologie Marine, 43, 141–148.

    Vacelet, J., Kelly, M. & Schlacher-Hoenlinger, M. (2009) Two new species of Chondrocladia (Demospongiae: Cladorhizidae) with a new spicule type from the deep south Pacific, and a discussion of the genus Meliiderma. Zootaxa, 2073 (1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2073.1.5

    Vacelet, J. & Kelly, M. (2014) A new species of Abyssocladia (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Cladorhizidae) and other carnivorous sponges from the far eastern Solomon Islands. Zootaxa, 3815 (3), 386-396.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3815.3.4

    Van Soest, R.W.M. (2016) Sponge-collecting from a drifting ice floe: the Porifera obtained in the Kara Sea by the Dutch Polar Expedition 1882-83. Contributions to Zoology, 85 (3), 311–336.

    https://doi.org/10.1163/18759866-08503004

    Van Soest, R.W.M. (2017) Sponges of the Guyana Shelf. Zootaxa, 4217 (1), 1–225.

    https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4217.1.1

    Van Soest, R.W.M. & Baker, B.J. (2011), A new carnivorous shallow-water sponge from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica (Porifera, Poecilosclerida). Marine Biodiversity, 41 (4), 495-501.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-010-0076-6

    Van Soest, R.W.M., Boury-Esnault, N., Hooper, J.N.A., Rützler, K., de Voogd, N.J., Alvarez, B., Hajdu, E., Pisera, A.B., Manconi, R., Schönberg, C., Klautau, M., Picton, B., Kelly, M., Vacelet, J., Dohrmann, M., Díaz, M.-C., Cárdenas, P., Carballo, J.L., Ríos, P. & Downey, R. (2019) World Porifera database. Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera (27 September 2019)

    Verrill, A.E. (1879) Art. XLI. Notice of recent additions to the marine fauna of the eastern coast of North America. No. 5. American Journal of Science and Arts, Series 3, 17, 472–474.

    https://doi.org/10.2475/ajs.s3-17.102.472

    Voigt, O. & Wörheide, G. (2016) A short LSU rRNA fragment as a standard marker for integrative taxonomy in calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea). Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 16, 53–64.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-015-0247-1

    Wörheide, G. & Erpenbeck, D. (2007) DNA taxonomy of sponges—progress and perspectives. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87, 6.

    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315407058274