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Article
Published: 2020-03-10

Resolving the taxonomic puzzle of Boana cinerascens (Spix, 1824), with resurrection of Hyla granosa gracilis Melin, 1941 (Anura: Hylidae)

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Departamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva, Av. Professor Artur Riedel, 275, Jardim Eldorado, Diadema, CEP 09972-270, São Paulo, Brazil Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Coordenação de Zoologia, Avenida Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, Belém, CEP 66017–970, Pará, Brazil Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Coordenação de Zoologia, Avenida Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, Belém, CEP 66017–970, Pará, Brazil
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Coordenação de Zoologia, Avenida Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, Belém, CEP 66017–970, Pará, Brazil
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Coordenação de Zoologia, Avenida Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, Belém, CEP 66017–970, Pará, Brazil
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Coordenação de Zoologia, Avenida Perimetral 1901, Terra Firme, Belém, CEP 66017–970, Pará, Brazil
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Laboratório de Sistemática de Vertebrados, Faculdade de Biociências, Av. Ipiranga 6681, Prédio 40, sala 110, Porto Alegre, 90619-900, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Sección de Herpetología. Apartado Postal 1930. Caracas 1010-A, Venezuela
Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Biología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador. Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Rodovia Jorge Amado, Km 16, 45662-900 Salobrinho, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil
Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Biología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador.
Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, R. Augusto Corrêa, 1, Guamá, Belém, 66075-110, Pará, Brazil. American Museum of Natural History, Division of Vertebrate Zoology (Herpetology), Central Park West at 79th Street, 10024, New York, New York, USA.
Amphibia Cophomantinae Molecular Neotype Phylogeny Systematics Taxonomy Amazonia

Abstract

Expeditions to unexplored or little explored places are important for discovering new species and also for collecting new samples (including specimens and tissues for DNA sequencing ) that may help resolve a plethora of taxonomic problems. In the 19th century, several naturalists explored a number of localities in Amazonia, describing species for which type material was deposited, mostly, in European museums of natural history. Some of these types were lost or destroyed in World War II and recent expeditions have focused on sampling new material from the type localities. material from Boana cinerascens, which allowed us to infer phylogenetic relationships of the Boana punctata group (i.e., green Boana), based on DNA sequence data, and to revaluate the status of B. cinerascens and its synonyms. We designate, redescribe and illustrate a neotype for B. cinerascens, which was described by Spix in 1824, from the Municipality of Tefé, State of Amazonas, Brazil. We revalidate, redescribe, and illustrate Hyla granosa gracilis Melin, 1941(= Boana gracilis). Corroborating previous studies, the green Boana were not recovered as a monophyletic group. Boana cinerascens is sister of B. gracilis plus a clade containing B. atlantica + B. punctata (both species not recovered as monophyletic).

 

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