Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2019-12-10
Page range: 408–426
Abstract views: 92
PDF downloaded: 4

Species status of Colias misti (Pieridae: Coliadinae) from the Arequipa region, South Peru, and a description of its new subspecies, from Cotahuasi canyon, South-Central Peru

Centro de Investigaciones en Optica,Loma del Bosque 115, Col. Lomas del Campestre, Leon 37150, GTO., Mexico
bionomics diagnosis genitalia morphology taxonomy Lepidoptera


A new species of the genus Colias Fabricius from the Arequipa region of Peru, C. misti Kir’yanov sp. nov., stat. nov., is established by raising it from the subspecies rank, C. lesbia misti Kir’yanov 2017. This taxonomic act is justified after detailed comparison of C. misti with representatives of phenotypically similar other South American Colias, including the subspecies of C. lesbia. The newly presented taxa are diagnosed by adult morphology, bionomics, and male genitalia. The diagnosis of a new subspecies Colias misti ccota Kir’yanov ssp. nov., discovered in the World’s deepest canyon Cotahuasi (Peru), is based on different and stable characters in phenotypes, genitalia, and bionomics of C. misti ccota and C. misti misti. Both subspecies of C. misti are endemic to the Western slopes of the Andes. It is also demonstrated that the shape of the male aedeagus is diagnostic for a reliable identification of the South American Colias.


  1. Berger, L.A. (1983) Notes sur les Colias néotropicaux (Lep. Pieridae). Lambillionea, 83, 4–13.

    Berger, L.A. (1986) Systématique du genre Colias F. (Lep., Pieridae), supplément. Lambillionea, 86, 1–68.

    Benyamini, D., Ugarte, A., Shapiro, A.M., Hermann, O., Mielke, H., Pyrscz, T. & Balint, Z. (2014) An updated list of the butterflies of Chile (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) including distribution, flight period and conservation status: Part I, comprising the families: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae (in part) and Hesperiidae describing a new species of Hypsochila (Pieridae) and a new subspecies of Yramea modesta (Nymphalidae), Boletin del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile, 63, 9–31.

    Blanchard, C. (1852) Orden VI. Lepidópteris. In: Gay, C. (Ed.), Historia Física y Política de Chile según documentos adquiridos en esta república durante doce años de residencia en ella y publicada bajo los auspicios del Supremo Gobierno. Zoológia. Vol. 7. C. Gay, Paris, pp. 1–112.

    Breyer, A. (1939) Über die Argentinischen Pieriden (Lep. Rhop.). VII International Congress of Entomology, Berlin, 1, 26–55.

    Doubleday, E. (1847) In: Doubleday, E., Westwood, J.O. & Hewitson, W.C. (Eds.), The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habitats and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus. Vol. 1. Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, London, 20 pp. [pp. 67–86]

    Fabricius, J.C. (1775) Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs. Korte, Flensburgi et Lipsiae, 832 pp.

    Fassl, A. (1915) Neue Pieriden aus Süd-Amerika. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift Iris, 29, 176–181.

    Felder, C. & Felder, R. (1865) Rhopalocera. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commo­dore B. von Wüllerstorf‑Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Lepidoptera (vol. 2). Carl Gerold‘s Sohn, Wien, pp. 196–197.

    Godman, F. & Salvin, O. (1891) Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. In: Whymper, E. (Ed.), Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator (supplementary appendix). Murray, London, pp. 96–110.

    Grieshuber, J., Worthy, B. & Lamas, G. (2012) The Genus Colias Fabricius, 1807. Jan Haugum’s annotated catalogue of the Old World Colias (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Tshikolovets Publ., Pardubrice, Bad Griesbach, Caretham, Lima, 438 pp.

    Guérin-Méneville, F.É. (1830) Crustacés, arachnids et insects, Voyage Coquille, 2, 274.

    Hammond, P.C. & McCorkie, D.N. (2018) Taxonomy, ecology, and evolutionary theory of the genus Colias (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Coliadinae). Published by the authors, Corvallis, Oregon, 265 pp.

    Hübner, J. (1823) Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge. Vol. 2. Published by the author, Augsburg, 28 pp.

    ICZN (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature) (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 306 pp.

    Jörgensen, P. (1916) Las Mariposas Argentinas (Lep.). Familia Pieridae, Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, 28, 427–520.

    Kirby, W.F. (1881) Notes on some new interesting species of Papilionidae and Pieridae, collected by Mr Buckley in Eastern Ecuador, Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 29, 351–358.

    Kir’yanov, A.V. (2017a) A new subspecies of Colias lesbia Fabricius, 1775 from the Arequipa province, Southern Peru (Lepidoptera, Pieridae, Coliadinae), Lambillionea, 117, 111–120.

    Kir’yanov, A.V. (2017b) Notes on “white” forms of Colias flaveola Blanchard, 1852 of Southern Peru with description of two new subspecies (Lepidoptera, Pieridae, Coliadinae), Lambillionea, 117, 242–261.

    Kir’yanov, A.V. (2018) A primary insight into the molecular phylogeny of Colias Fabricius, 1807 (Pieridae, Coliadinae) complex of South America, eprint arXiv:1804.02869 (Electronic preprints collection, Cornell University, USA). Available from: (accessed 20 August 2019)

    Kir’yanov, A.V. & Valencia, G. (2018) A new subspecies of Colias flaveola Blanchard, 1852 from Cusco region (Peru) (Pieridae, Coliadinae), Lambillionea, 118, 139–150.

    Lamas, G. (1981) Notes on Peruvian butterflies (Lepidoptera). VI. Twelve new Pieridae, Revista de Ciencias, Lima, 73, 44–53.

    Lamas, G. (2004) Pieridae. In: Lamas, G. (Ed.), Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea— Papilionoidea. In: Hepper, J.P. (Ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Vol. 5A. Association for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, pp. 99–117.

    Petersen, B. (1963) The male genitalia of some Colias species, Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 1, 135–156.

    Rothschild, W. (1913) Description of two new Colias and some African Syntomidae, Novitates Zoologicae, 20, 187–189.

    Salazar, J.A. (2002) Pieridae de la colección E.W. Schmidt-Mumm y descripción de tres nuevas subespecies (Lep. Pieridae), Shilap Revista de Lepidopterologia, 30, 325–340.

    Shapiro, A.M. (1991) The zoogeography and systematics of the Argentine Andean and Patagonian Pierid fauna, Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 28, 137–238.

    Shapiro, A. (1985) Behavioral and ecological observations of Peruvian high-Andean Pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera), Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 20, 1–12.

    Staudinger, O. (1894) Hochandine Lepidopteren, Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift Iris, 7, 64.

    Strand, E. (1912) Über einige exotische Lepidoptera aus der Sammlung des Herrn W. Niepelt in Zirlau, Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Abteilung A, 78, 185.

    Verhulst, J. (2000a) Les Colias du Globe—Monograph of the Genus Colias. Vol. 1. Goecke & Evers, Keltern, 263 pp.

    Verhulst, J. (2000b) Les Colias du Globe—Monograph of the Genus Colias. Vol. 2. Goecke & Evers, Keltern, 45 pp. [pp. 264–308]

    Verhulst, J. (2013) Discussion à propos des Colias Fabricius, 1807 néotropicaux (Lepidoptera, Pieridae, Coliadinae), Lambillionea, 94, 213–219.

    Verhulst, J. (2016) Description d’une nouvelle sous-espéce de Colias flaveola Blanchard, 1852 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae, Coliadinae), Lambillionea, 116, 105–115 .

    Worthy, B. (2005) Notes on the status of Colias verhulsti Berger, 1983 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), Nachrichten Entomologischer Verein Apollo, Neue Folge, 26, 95–96.

    Zikán, J.F. (1940) Beschreibungen neuer neotropischer Papilionidae, Pieridae, Danaidae und Satyridae, Entomologische Zeitschrift, 54, 205–206.