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Article
Published: 2019-12-03

Collastoma esotericum (Neodalyellida: Umagillidae), a new species of sipunculan-inhabiting rhabdocoel from Queensland, Australia

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, The University of Tasmania, Churchill Ave, Hobart, Tasmania 7005, Australia.
Platyhelminthes Endosymbiont Echinodermata Sipuncula Phascolosoma Dalytyphloplanida Provorticinae Phylogenetics

Abstract

The Umagillidae Wahl, represent a group of endosymbiotic Platyhelminthes which inhabit two disparate invertebrate host groups, the echinoderms and sipunculans. Sipunculan-inhabiting umagillids are morphologically distinct from those inhabiting echinoderms and have traditionally been placed in a distinct genus and subfamily, Collastoma Dörler, and the Collastominae Wahl, respectively. Although molecular data are available for umagillid species inhabiting echinoids and holothurians, species inhabiting sipunculans have yet to be evaluated with molecular data. Collastoma esotericum n. sp. from the sipunculan Phascolosoma scolops (Selenka & de Man) collected in Moreton Bay, southeast Queensland, Australia, is described. Phylogenetic analyses based on 18S rRNA gene sequences placed C. esotericum in a clade with species of the Umagillidae and the Provorticinae Luther, with strong support. However, within this clade the relationship of C. esotericum to the Umagillidae and Provorticinae was not resolved.

 

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How to Cite

HUSTON, D. C. (2019). <em>Collastoma esotericum</em> (Neodalyellida: Umagillidae), a new species of sipunculan-inhabiting rhabdocoel from Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa, 4701(6), 563–573. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4701.6.5