Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2019-08-27

New State and Host Records for Agromyzidae (Diptera) in the United States, with the Description of Ten New Species

276 Old Wendell Rd., Northfield, MA, USA 01360.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6.
leafminer plant-insect interactions rearing Diptera

Abstract

We present novel rearing records of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from throughout the United States. We describe leaf mines or other larval habits for 14 species, plus three others that could not be confidently identified in the absence of male specimens. We review host and distribution data for the known species, reporting 14 new host species records (including the first rearing records for Cerodontha (Dizygomyza) magnicornis (Loew)) and 12 new state records (including the first USA record for Phytomyza prava Spencer). We also describe and provide natural history information for the following ten new species: Agromyza princei, Melanagromyza vanderlindeni, Ophiomyia antennariae, O. osmorhizae, Calycomyza smallanthi, Liriomyza euphorbiella, L. garryae, L. phloxiphaga, Phytomyza nemophilae, and P. salviarum.

References

  1. Alexander, Y. (2012) Leaf miner on honeysuckle. Available from: https://bugguide.net/node/view/624681 (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Anonymous (2018) Leaf-cup, Smallanthus uvedalius. Available from: http://www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us/factsheets/13289.pdf (accessed 21 August 2018)

    APG IV (2016) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 181 (1), 1–20.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

    Benavent-Corai, J., Martinez, M. & Jiménez Peydró, R. (2005) Catalogue of the host plants of the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Bollettino di Zoologica Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Series II, 37, 1–97.

    Boucher, S. (2005) Description of an unusual new Costa Rican species of Cerodontha (Dizygomyza) with additional notes on Neotropical species of Dizygomyza (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Zootaxa, 993 (1), 1–8.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.993.1.1

    Boucher, S. (2012) Revision of the Nearctic species of Cerodontha (Icteromyza) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 144, 122–157.

    https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2012.12

    Craves, J. (2018) Leaf mine on Triosteum perfoliatum. Available from: https://bugguide.net/node/view/1524273 (accessed 21 August 2018)

    eFloras (2018) eFloras.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Available from: http://www.efloras.org (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Eiseman, C. (2019) Leafminers of North America. Privately published e-book, available from: http://charleyeiseman.com/leafminers/ (accessed 20 August 2018)

    Eiseman, C.S. & Lonsdale, O. (2018) New state and host records for Agromyzidae (Diptera) in the United States, with the description of thirty new species. Zootaxa, 4479 (1), 1–156.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4479.1.1

    Eiseman, C.S., Lonsdale, O. & Feldman, T.S. (2019) Nine new species of Agromyzidae from North Carolina, USA, with new host and distribution records for additional species. Zootaxa, 4571 (3), 301–333.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4571.3.1

    Ellis, W.N. (2018) Leafminers and plant galls of Europe. Available from: http://www.bladmineerders.nl (accessed 20 August 2018)

    Foote, B.A. (2004) Acalyptrate Diptera associated with stands of Carex lacustris and C. stricta (Cyperaceae) in northeastern Ohio. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 106 (1), 166–175.

    Frohne, W.C. (1938) Contribution to knowledge of the limnological rôle of the higher aquatic plants. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 57 (3), 256–268.

    https://doi.org/10.2307/3222694

    Frohne, W.C. (1939) Biology of certain subaquatic flies reared from emergent water plants. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, 24, 139–147.

    Frick, K.E. (1959) Synopsis of the species of agromyzid leaf miners described from North America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 108, 347–465.

    https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.108-3407.347

    Gates, M.W., Heraty, J.M., Schauff, M.E., Wagner, D.L., Whitfield, J.B. & Wahl, D.B. (2002) Survey of the parasitic Hymenoptera on leafminers in California. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 11 (2), 213–270.

    Griffiths, G.C.D. (1973) Description of an unnamed Paraphytomyza (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Entomologist’s Gazette, 24, 307–310.

    Haines, A. (2011) Flora Novae Angliae. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 973 pp.

    ITIS (2017) Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Available from: https://www.itis.gov/ (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Kirkbride, J.H. & Wiersma, J.H. (2007) Proposal to conserve the name Zinnia elegans against Z. violacea. Taxon, 56 (3), 958–959.

    https://doi.org/10.2307/25065881

    Linden, J. van der (2016) Fly from stinging nettle dead stems. Available from: https://bugguide.net/node/view/1240671 (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Linden, J. van der (2017) Puparia on winter stem, sweet cicely. Available from: https://bugguide.net/node/view/1339535 (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Lonsdale, O. (2011) The Liriomyza (Agromyzidae: Schizophora: Diptera) of California. Zootaxa, 2850, 1–123.

    Lonsdale, O. (2017) The Liriomyza (Agromyzidae: Schizophora: Diptera) of Canada & Alaska. Zootaxa, 4234 (1), 1–156.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4234.1.1

    The Plant List (2013) The Plant List: A working list of all plant species. Version 1.1. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 21 August 2018)

    Scheffer, S.J. & Lonsdale, O. (2018) A survey of Agromyzidae (Diptera) reared from leafmines on Long Island, New York; host associations, distribution data, and the description and host association of a new species. Zootaxa, 4450 (1), 77–90.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4450.1.5

    Sehgal, V.K. (1971) A taxonomic survey of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Alberta, Canada, with observations on host-plant relationships. Quaestiones Entomologicae, 7, 291–405.

    Shi, L. & Gaimari, S.D. (2015) Revision of the genus Melanagromyza in California, with descriptions of three new species (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Zootaxa, 4005 (1), 1–102.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4005.1.1

    Spencer, K.A. (1990) Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Series Entomologica, 45, i–xii + 1–444.

    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1874-0

    Spencer, K.A. & Steyskal, G.C. (1986) Manual of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) of the United States. USDA Agricultural Research Service Agriculture Handbook, 638, 1–478.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.119606

    USDA, NRCS (2018) The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC. Available from: http://plants.usda.gov (accessed 20 August 2018)

    Winkler, I.S., Scheffer, S.J. & Mitter, C. (2009) Molecular phylogeny and systematics of leaf-mining flies (Diptera: Agromyzidae): delimitation of Phytomyza Fallén sensu lato and included species groups, with new insights on morphological and host-use evolution. Systematic Entomology, 34, 260–292. [online Supporting Information]

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2008.00462.x

    Woods, P. (2018) A blotch mine on Smallanthus uvedalia. Available from: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/9744484 (accessed 21 August 2018)