Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2019-08-09

Two new species of nereidids (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Taiwan

Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, 145 Xingda Road, Taichung city 402, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Annelida Taxonomy polychaetes Nereididae

Abstract

Two new species of nereidids, Dendronereis chipolini n. sp. and Neanthes hsinchuensis n. sp., collected from brackish aquaculture ponds near coasts of southern Taiwan and fouling community on docks of the Hsinchu fishing port in northwestern Taiwan, respectively, are described in the present study. Dendronereis chipolini n. sp. differs from its congeners by a combination of number and morphology of branchiae, morphology of neuropodia and form of neuropodial homogomph spinigers. Neanthes hsinchuensis n. sp. can be distinguished from congeners reported from East and Southeast Asia by a combination of numbers of conical paragnaths, morphology of notopodia, the absent/present of prechaetal lobe and forms of neuropodial chaetae. A key to Dendronereis species of the world is included, together with a table of morphological characters of Neanthes species reported from East and Southeast Asia, which have no conical paragnaths on Area V of the pharynx.

 

References

  1. Bakken, T. (2006) Redescription of two species of Neanthes (Polychaeta: Nereididae) possessing a large notopodial prechaetal lobe. Scientia Marina, 70S3, 27–33.

    https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2006.70s327

    Bakken, T. & Wilson, R.S. (2005) Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. Zoologica Scripta, 34 (5), 507–547.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x

    Bakken, T., Glasby, C.J., Santos, C.S.G. & Wilson, R.S. (2018) Nereididae Blainville, 1818. In: Westheide, W., Purschke, G. & Böggemann, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology. A Natural History of the Phyla of the Animal Kingdom, Annelida: Polychaetes. De Gruyter, Ösnabruck.

    Chan, W.M.F. (2009) New nereidid records (Annelida: Polychaeta) from mangroves and sediment flats of Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 22, 159–172.

    de Blainville, H. (1818) Mémoire sur la classe des Sétipodes, partie des Vers à sang rouge de M. Cuvier, et des Annélides de M. de Lamarck. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique de Paris, 1818, 7885.

    de León-Gonzéález, J.A. & Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. (2003) Four new nereidid species (Annelida, Polychaeta) collected during the MUSORSTOM cruises in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Zoosystema, 25 (3), 365–375.

    Ehlers, E. (1901) Die Polychaeten des magellanischen und chilenischen Strandes. Ein faunistischer Versuch. Festschrift zur Feier des Hundertfünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Klasse, 1901, 1–232., 25 pls.

    Fauchald, K. (1977) The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, 28, 1188.

    Fauvel, P. (1918) Annélides polychètes nouvelles de l’Afrique Orientale. Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 24 (7), 503509.

    Fauvel, P. (1932) Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, 12, 1262., pls. IVIII.

    Glasby, C.J. & Hsieh, H.-L. (2006) New species and new records of the Perinereis nuntia species group (Nereididae: Polychaeta) from Taiwan and other Indo-West Pacific shores. Zoological Studies, 45 (4), 553577.

    Glasby, C.J., Wilson, R.S. & Bakken, T. (2011) Redescription of the Indo-Pacific polychaete Neanthes pachychaeta (Fauvel, 1918) n. comb. (Annelida, Phyllodocida, Nereididae) and its synonyms. Zoosystema, 33 (3), 361–375.

    https://doi.org/10.5252/z2011n3a5

    Glasby, C., Lee, Y.-L. & Hsueh, P.-W. (2016) Marine Annelida (excluding clitellates and siboglinids) from the South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 34, 178234.

    Grube, A.E. (1878) Annulata Semperiana. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Anneliden fauna der Philippinen. Mémoires de L’Académie Imperiale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, Série 7, 25 (8), 1300.

    Horst, R. (1924) Polychaeta Errantia of the Siboga Expedition. Pt. 3. Nereidae and Hesionidae. Siboga-Expeditie Uitkomsten op Zoologisch, Bonatisch, Oceanographisch en Geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900, 24 (1c), 145–198.

    Hsueh, P.-W. (2019) Neanthes (Annelida: Nereididae) from Taiwanese waters, with description of seven new species and one new species record. Zootaxa, 4544 (1), 173198.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4554.1.5

    Hutchings, P.A. & Reid, A. (1990) The Nereididae (Polychaeta) from Australia - Gymnonereidinae sensu Fitzhugh, 1987: Australonereis, Ceratocephale, Dendronereides, Gymnonereis, Nicon, Olganereis and Websterinereis. Records of the Australian Museum, 42, 69100.

    https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.42.1990.107

    Kirkegaard, J.B. (1995) Bathyal and abyssal polychaetes (errant species). Galathea Report, 17, 7–56.

    Lee, Y.-L. & Glasby, C.J. (2015) A new cryptic species of Neanthes (Annelida: Phyllodocida: Nereididae) from Singapore confused with Neanthes glandicincta Southern, 1921 and Ceratonereis (Composetia) burmensis (Monro, 1937). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 31, 75–95.

    Misra, A. (1999) Polychaete. Fauna of West Bengal. Part 10. In: Gosh, A.K. (Ed.), State Fauna Series. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, pp. 125225.

    Okuda, S (1935) Two brackish-water polychaetes from Sakhalin. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 15 (1), 5457, 3 figs.

    Peters, W.C.H. (1854) Über die Gattung Bdella, Savigny, (Limnatis, Moquin-Tandon) und die in Mossambique beobachteten Anneliden, wovon hier eine Mittheilung folgt [informal title in meeting report]. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1854, 607614.

    Pillai, T.G. (1965) Annelida Polychaeta from the Philippines and Indonesia. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences), 5 (2), 110177.

    Salazar-Vallejo, S.I., Carrera-Parra, L.F., Muir, A.I., de León-González, J.A., Piotrowski, C. & Sato, M. (2014) Polychaete species (Annelida) described from the Philippine and China Seas. Zootaxa, 3842 (1), 168.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3842.1.1

    Southern, R. (1921) Polychaeta of the Chilka Lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, 5, 563659.

    Sun, R. & Yang, D. (2004) Annelida. Polychaeta II. Nereidida (=Nereimorpha). Nereididae, Syllidae, Hesionidae, Pilargidae, Nephtyidae. In: Huo, C. & Zhao, G. (Eds.), Fauna Sinica, Invertebrata. Science Press, Beijing, 520 pp. [in Chinese with English abstract]

    Wu, B.L., Sun, R. & Yang, D.J. (1981) The Nereidae (Polychaetous annelids) of the Chinese coast. China Ocean Press, Beijing, 228 pp. [in Chinese with English abstract]