Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2019-03-19

Megasybacodes brevitarsis, a new genus and species of Rhyparini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) from Borneo

Entomological Laboratory, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences, Kyushu University, Motooka 744, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka, 819-0395 Japan. Research Fellow of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (DC1), Tokyo, Japan
The Kyushu University Museum, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581 Japan.
Kamezawa 3-chôme 14-13-1001, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, 130-0014 Japan.
Coleoptera Sybacodes Megasybacodes new genus new species Oriental region Malaysia Southeast Asia taxonomy termitophily myrmecophily

Abstract

Megasybacodes brevitarsis Kakizoe, Maruyama & Masumoto, a new genus and new species of the tribe Rhyparini, is described based on a single female from Borneo. It is allied to the genus Sybacodes Fairmaire, 1896, but easily distinguished by its short protarsi, broad flattened basal tarsomeres of the meso- and metatarsi, broad flattened tibiae, and wrinkled pronotal and elytral surfaces. Checklist of rhyparine species from Borneo is also provided.

 

References

  1. Agassiz, J.L.R. (1847) Nomenclatoris Zoologici Index Universalis, Continens Nomina Systematica Classium, Ordinum, Familiarum et Generum Animalium Omnium Tam Viventium quam Fossilium, Secundum Ordinem Alphabeticum Unicum Disposita, Adjectis Homonymiis Plantarum, nec non Variis Adnotationibus et Emendationibus. Fascicule 12. Jent et Gassmann, Soloduri, viii + 393 pp. [Dated 1846]

    Arrow, G.J. (1905) On some Oriental Aphodiid Coleoptera of the Rhyparus Group, with Description of a new genus. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Including Zoology, Botany and Geology, Series 7, 15, 534–540.

    https://doi.org/10.1080/03745480509442847

    Balthasar, V. (1964) Monographie der Scarabaeidae und Aphodiidae der palaearktischen und orientalischen Region. Coleoptera Lamellicornia. Band 3. Aphodiidae. Verlag der Tschechoslowakischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Prague, 652 pp.

    Bordat, P. (1996) Quatre nouvelles espèces de Rhyparus de Bornéo (Coleoptera, Aphodiidae). Nouvelle Revue d’Entomologie (Nouvelle série), 13 (1), 83–93.

    Dellacasa, G. (1978) Revisione del genere Sybacodes e descrizione di una nuova specie. Annali del Museo civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 82, 86–96.

    Dellacasa, G. (1997) Ryparus or Rhyparus? A contribution to Aphodiidae nomenclature. Frustula Entomologica, 20, 27–29.

    Dellacasa, G., Dellacasa, M. & Mann, D.J. (2010) The morphology of the labrum (epipharynx, ikrioma and aboral surface) of adult Aphodiini, and its implications for systematics. Insecta Mundi, 132, 1–21.

    Fairmaire, L. (1893) Description de quatre espèces nouvelles du genre Rhyparus, Westw. (Scarabaeidae: Coprini). Note XVII. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 15, 144-–146.

    Fairmaire, L. (1896) Coléoptères de l’Inde boréale, Chine et Malaisie. Note XII. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 18, 81–129.

    Frivaldszky, J. (1883) Coleoptera nova a Joanne Xantus in insula Borneo detecta. Uj téhelyröpyűk Borneo szigetéről, Xántus János áltai főlfedezve. Termeszetrajzi Füzetek, 6, 134–140. [in Latin and Hungarian].

    Howden, H.F. & Storey, R.I. (1992) Phylogeny of the Rhyparini and the new tribe Stereomerini with descriptions of new genera and species (Coleoptera; Scarabaeidae; Aphodiinae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70, 1810–1823.

    https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-248

    International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 335 pp.

    Ishida, M. & Fujioka, M. (1988) A list of Lamellicornia in Japan. First Edition. Lamellicornia, 2 (Supplementum), 1–62.

    Janssens, A. (1946) Contribution a l'étude des coléoptères Lamellicornes coprophages. XI. Table synoptique et essai de classification pratique des Scarabaeidae Laparosticti. Bulletin du Musée royal d'Histoire naturelle de Belgique, 22 (12), 1–13.

    Janssens, A. (1949) Contribution a l'étude des coléoptères lamellicornes XIII Table synoptique et essai de classification pratique des coléoptères scarabaeidae. Bulletin Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, 25 (15), 1–30.

    Kakizoe, S. & Maruyama, M. (2015) Termitotrox venus sp. n. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), a new blind, flightless termitophilous scarab from Cambodia. ZooKeys, 513, 13–21.

    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.513.9958

    Kawai, S., Hori, S., Kawahara, M. & Inagaki, M. (2005) Atlas of Japanese Scarabaeoidea. Vol. 1. Coprophagous group. Roppon-Ashi Entomological Books, Tokyo, 189 pp.

    Král, D. & Hájek, J. (2015) A second species of Cheleion from Johor, Malaysia (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, Stereomerini). ZooKeys, 532, 87–97.

    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.532.6116

    Krikken, J. & Huijbregts, J. (1987) Southeast Asian Termitodius: a taxonomic review, with description of four new species (Coleoptera: Aphodiidae). Zoologische Mededelingen, 61 (7), 97-–111.

    Lea, A.M. (1923) On Australian Aphodiides (Coleoptera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 36, 1–20.

    Maruyama, M. (2004) A permanent slide pinned under a specimen. Elytra, 32 (2), 276.

    Maruyama, M. (2010) A new genus and species of myrmecophilous aphodiine beetle (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) inhabiting the myrmecophytic epiphyte Platycerium sp. (Polypodiaceae) in the Bornean rainforest canopy. ZooKeys, 34, 49–54.

    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.34.281

    Maruyama, M. & Nomura, S. (2011) Taxonomy of the genus Stereomera Arrow, 1905 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae), with description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Special Publication of the Japanese Society of Scarabaeoidology, 1, 171–175.

    Mencl, L., Rakovič, M. & Král, D. (2013) A new species of the genus Rhyparus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae: Rhyparini) from the Oriental Region having an accessory costa on each elytron. Studies and Reports, Taxonomical Series, 9 (2), 487–498.

    Minkina, Ł., Mencl, L. & Bellmann, A. (2018) A new species of the genus Sybacodes Fairmaire, 1896 from Borneo (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae). Studies and Reports, Taxonomical Series, 14 (1), 161–165.

    Nakane, T. (1956) Neue Aphodiinen aus Japan. Insecta Matsumurana, 20, 119–124.

    Nakane, T. (1961) Notes on some Aphodiinae from Micronesia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Scientific Report, Kyoto Prefecture University (Natural Science and Living Science), Series A, 3 (3), 151–152.

    Nomura, S. (1943) Zur Kenntnis des Aphodiiden aus Mikronesien (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Mushi, 15, 77–82, 1 pl.

    Ochi, T. (2001) Taxonomic notes on some coprophagous scarab-beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea) from Japan and its adjacent areas I. Kogane, 2, 1–14.

    Ochi, T., Kon, M. & Kawahara, M. (2018) Four new species of the genus Rhyparus from Laos (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae, Rhyparini). Kogane, 21, 15–31.

    Parker, J. (2016) Myrmecophily in beetles (Coleoptera): evolutionary patterns and biological mechanisms. Myrmecological News, 22, 65–108.

    Pascoe, F.P. (1866) Notices of new or little-known genera and species of Coleoptera. The Journal of Entomology, Descriptive and Geographical, 14, 443–493.

    Paulian, R. (1934) Deux nouveaux coprophages des Nouvelles-Hébrides. Revue Française d’Entomologie, 1, 219–221.

    Paulian, R. (1981) Sur quelques Coléoptères Scarabaeoidea indo-malais nouveaux ou peu connus. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 86, 110–112.

    Paulian, R. (1983) Sur quelques Coléoptères Scarabaeoidea de la région Orientale. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 90, 615–622.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.82000

    Paulian, R. (1984) Notes sur les Coléoptères Scarabaeidae du Muséum de Genève, I. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 91, 471–474.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.81890

    Paulian, R. (1989) Notes sur les Coléoptères Scarabaeoidea du Muséum de Genève. IV. Revue suisse de Zoologie, 96, 297–318.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.82036

    Pittino, R. (2006) Two new genera and species of Asian Rhyparinae (Coleoptera, Aphodiidae). Fragmenta Entomologica, 38, 83–107.

    Reyes-Castillo, P. & Martinez, A. (1979) Nuevos Rhyparini Neotropicales, con notas sobre su biologia (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Aphodiinae). Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 41, 115–133.

    Schmidt, A. (1910a) Coleoptera Lamellicornia, Fam. Aphodiidae. In: Wytsman P. (Ed.), Genera Insectorum. Fascicule 110. V. Verteneuil & L. Desmet, Bruxelles, pp. 1–155.

    Schmidt, A. (1910b) Aphodiinae. In: Junk, W. & Schenkling, S. (Eds.), Coleopterorum Catalogus. Pars 20. W. Junk, Berlin, pp. 1–111.

    Schmidt, A. (1911) Zwei neue Rhyparus-Arten. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 54, 134–136.

    Schmidt, A. (1922) Coleoptera Aphodiinae. Das Tierreich, 45, 1–614.

    Skelley, P.E. (2007) Generic limits of the Rhyparini with respect to the genus Termitodius Wasmann, 1894 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae). Insecta Mundi, 9, 1–9.

    Smith, A.B.T. (2006) A review of the family-group names for the superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) with corrections to nomenclature and a current classification. Coleopterists Society Monographs, 5, 144–204.

    https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X(2006)60[144:AROTFN]2.0.CO;2

    Stebnicka, Z.T. (1998) The Aphodiinae of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Invertebrate Taxonomy, 12, 833–895.

    Stebnicka, Z.T. (2009) Aphodiinae of Australia (Coleoptera: Scarabeidae). Iconography. Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, 187 pp.

    Stebnicka, Z.T. & Howden, H.F. (1996) Revision of Australian genera in the tribes Odontolochini, Psammodiini, Rhyparini, Stereomerini and part of the Eupariini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Aphodiinae). Invertebrate Taxonomy, 10, 97–170.

    https://doi.org/10.1071/IT9960097

    Tangelder, I.R.M. & Krikken, J. (1982) Termitophilous scarabs of the tribe Corythoderini: a taxonomic review (Coleoptera: Aphodiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 194, 1–114.

    Wasmann, E. (1894) Kritisches Verzeichnis der myrmekophilen und termitophilen Arthropoden. Dames, Berlin, 231 pp.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.122977

    Westwood, J.O. (1845) On some new exotic species of Aphodiidae. Journal of Proceedings of the Entomological Society of London, 3, 93.