Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2019-03-19
Page range: 113–138
Abstract views: 58
PDF downloaded: 3

Immature stages of American Prioninae Latreille, 1802: descriptions and phylogenetic considerations in Cerambycidae Latreille, 1802 (Coleoptera)

Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Caixa Postal 42.494, CEP 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
1Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Caixa Postal 42.494, CEP 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Coleoptera Brazilian fauna development juvenile morphology longhorned beetle systematics


Immature stages of four species from Brazil, belonging to three tribes of Prioninae Latreille, 1802 (Cerambycidae), are described or redescribed and illustrated: Myzomorphus quadripunctatus (Gray, 1831) (Anacolini); Pyrodes nitidus (Fabricius, 1787) (Mallaspini); Polyoza lacordairei Audinet-Serville, 1832, and Quercivir gounellei Lameere, 1912 (Meroscelisini). A characterization of described Prioninae immature stages for the American continent is included. An attempt to characterize the larvae and pupae for each tribe based on described immature stage, is also presented. Some studies consider Parandrinae as a derived group within Prioninae (paraphyletic), and therefore, suggest treating both as Prioninae. In our study, we found some immature features that can define Prioninae, and by analyzing recent studies, we defend the continuance, for now, of the current status of Prioninae and Parandrinae, until a more detailed morphological and molecular study, with a greater representation of these groups is done (including characteristics of the immature stages).



  1. Biffi, G. & Fuhrmann, J. (2013) Immatures of Parandra (Tavandra) longicollis Thomson, 1861 and comments on the larvae of Parandrinae (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Insecta Mundi, 0323, 1–14.

    Bondar, G. (1926) A biologia e a larva do bezouro Macrodontia cervicornis. Chácaras e Quintaes, 34, 33–35.

    Candèze, E. (1861) Histoire des metamorfoses de quelques coléoptères exotiques. Mémoires de la Societé Royal de Sciences de Liége, 16, 325–410.

    Casari, S.A. & Santos-Silva A. (2010) Larva of Seticeros aquilus (Thomson) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae: Callipogonini). Neotropical Entomology, 39 (5), 746–751.

    Cekalovic, T. (1970) Descripcion de la larva y pupa de Microplophorus magellanicus Blanchard, 1851 (Coleoptera-Cerambycidae). Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepcion, 42, 333–339.

    Craighead, F.C. (1915) Larvae of Prioninae. Contributions toward a classification and biology of the North American Cerambycidae. Washington Reporter of United States of Department of Agriculture, 107, 1–24.

    Craighead, F.C. (1923) North American cerambycid larvae. Bulletin of the Canada Department of Agriculture, 27, 1–239.

    Crowson, R.A. (1955) The Natural Classification of the Families of Coleoptera. Nathaniel Lloyd, London, 187 pp.

    Di Iorio, O.R., Tomé, M.G. & González, O.E. (1995) Description of the larva and biology of Callipogon (Enoplocerus) armillatus (L.) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae, Callipogonini). Giornale Italiano di Entomologia, 7 (39), 219–229.

    Duffy, E.A.J. (1960) A monograph of the Immature Stages of Neotropical Timber Beetles (Cerambycidae). London, British Museum of Natural History, 327 pp.

    Haddad, S., Shin, S., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.M., Svacha, P., Farrell, B., Ślipiński, A., Windsor, D. & McKenna, D.D. (2017) Anchored hybrid enrichment provides new insights into the phylogeny and evolution of longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae). Systematic Entomology, 43 (1), 68–89.

    Hanks, L.M. (1999) Influence of the larval host plant on reproductive strategies of cerambycid beetles. Annual Review of Entomology, 44, 483–505.

    Heller, H.M. (1904) Brasilianische kaferlarven gesammelt von Dr. Fr. Ohaus. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 65, 1–401.

    Kojima, T. (1929) Form and habit of larvae of three species of Prioninae beetle from Japan Oyo-Dobutsu-Zasshi Tokyo, 1, 165–173. [in Japanese]

    Kojima, T. (1931) Further investigation on the immature stages of some Japanese Cerambycoid beetles, with notes on their habits. Journal of the College of Agriculture Imperial University of Tokyo, 11, 263–308.

    Lameere, A.A.L. (1885) Contribution à l'Histoire des Métamorphoses des Longicornes de la Famille des Prioniae.Mémoires de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2) 11 (11), 7–13.

    Linsley, E.G. (1961) The Cerambycidae of North America. Part I. Introduction. University of California, Publications in Entomology, 18, 1–97.

    Monné, M.A. (2018) Catalogue of the Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of the Neotropical region. Part II. Subfamilies Lepturinae, Necydalinae, Parandrinae, Prioninae, Spondylidinae, Oxypeltidae, Vesperidae, Disteniidae. (accessed March 2018)

    Napp, D.S. (1994) Phylogenetic relationships among the subfamilies of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera—Chrysomeloidea). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 38, 265–419.

    Nearns, E.H. (2013) Systematics of longhorned beetles. Chapter 1: molecular phylogenetic analysis of the longhorned beetle subfamilies Prioninae and Parandrinae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. URL: (accessed March 2018).

    Packard, A.S. (1890) Insects injurious to forest and shade trees. 5th Report of the United States Entomological Commission, Washington 7, 1–957.

    Penteado-Dias, A.M. (1982) Callipogon (Navosoma) luctuosum (Schoenherr, 1817) notas sobre a biologia, descrições da larva e pupa (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 26 (3–4), 219–224.

    Saalas, U. (1936) Ueber das Flugelgeader und die phylogenetische Entwicklung der Cerambyciden. Annales Zoologici Societatis Zoologicae-Botanicae Fennicae Vanamo, 4 (1), 1–198, 19 pls.

    Svacha, P. & Danilevsky, M.L. (1987) Cerambycoid larvae of Europe and Soviet Union (Coleoptera, Cerambycoidea). Part I.—Acta Universitatis Carolinae (Biologica), 30, 1–176.

    Svacha, P. & Lawrence, J.F. (2014) Cerambycidae Latreille, 1802. In: Leschen, R.A.B. & Beutel, R.G. (Eds.), Handbook of Zoology, Arthropoda: Insecta; Coleoptera, Beetles, Volume 3: Morphology and systematics (Phytophaga). Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/Boston, pp. 77–177.

    Takeda, M. (2008) The larva of Spinimegopis nipponica nipponica (Matsushita) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology, 14, 83–87.

    Tavakilian, G. & Chevillotte, H. (2018) Titan: base de données internationales sur les Cerambycidae ou Longicornes. Version 3.0. Available from: (accessed March 2018)

    Zajciw, D. (1976) Descriptions of larva and pupa of Stenodontes (Orthomallodon) spinibarbis (L. 1758) (Col. Ceramb, Prioninae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 36 (2), 517–520.

    Wang, B., Ma, J., McKenna, D., Yan, E.V., Zhang, H. & Jarzembowski, E.A. (2014) The earliest known longhorn beetle (Cerambycidae: Prioninae) and implications for the early evolution of Chrysomeloidea. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 12, 565–574.