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Type: Article
Published: 2019-03-04
Page range: 547–562
Abstract views: 250
PDF downloaded: 8

A molecular phylogeny of the genus Psittacula sensu lato (Aves: Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Psittacula, Psittinus, Tanygnathus, †Mascarinus) with taxonomic implications 

Heidelberg University, Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Dep. Biology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Senckenberg Collection of Natural History Dresden Museum of Zoology, Koenigsbruecker Landstr. 159, D-01109 Dresden, Germany
Arndt Verlag, Thomas Arndt—Brückenfeldstraße 28, D-75015 Bretten, Germany
Zoologischer Stadtgarten Karlsruhe, Ettlinger Str. 6, D-76137 Karlsruhe, Germany
OFM, Klosterstrasse 14 D-49832 Thuine, Germany
Zur Fähre 10, D-29693 Ahlden, Germany
Heidelberg University, Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Dep. Biology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Heidelberg University, Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Dep. Biology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Aves paraphyletic genus/species species split Himalayapsitta Nicopsitta Alexandrinus Palaeornis Belocercus †Mascarinus


The long-tailed parakeets of the genus Psittacula Cuvier, 1800 have thus far been regarded as a homogeneous and monophyletic group of parrots. We used nucleotide sequences of two genetic markers (mitochondrial CYTB, nuclear RAG-1) to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships of Psittacula and closely related species. We found that the Asian genus Psittacula is apparently paraphyletic because two genera of short-tailed parrots, Psittinus Blyth, 1842 and Tanygnathus Wagler, 1832, cluster within Psittacula, as does †Mascarinus Lesson, 1830. To create monophyletic genera, we propose recognition of the following genera: Himalayapsitta Braun, 2016 for P. himalayana, P. finschii, P. roseata, and P. cyanocephala; Nicopsitta Braun, 2016 for P. columboides and P. calthrapae; Belocercus S. Müller, 1847 for P. longicauda; Psittacula Cuvier, 1800 for P. alexandri and P. derbiana; Palaeornis Vigors, 1825 for †P. wardi and P. eupatria; and Alexandrinus Braun, 2016 for P. krameri, P. exsul, and P. (eques) echo. Additionally, Psittacula krameri and P. alexandri are paraphyletic species, which should be split to form monophyletic species.



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