Fifteen new species of Chilicola subgenus Oroediscelis are described and illustrated. The following 11 species are from Argentina recording a remarkable diversity and the first records of the subgenus in the country: Chilicola capillitas Packer and Dumesh, new species, C. abrebotellas, Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. goloboffi Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. fritzi, Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. rozeni Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. roigi Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. carpenteri Packer & Dumesh, new species; C. calchaqui Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. jaguense Packer and Dumesh, new species; C. cuyense Dumesh & Packer, new species; and C. huarpe Packer and Dumesh, new species. Chilicola pustulata Packer and Dumesh, new species, and Chilicola luna Dumesh, and Packer new species, are described from Peru; C. boharti Packer and Dumesh, new species, and C. ashei Dumesh and Packer, new species, are described from Bolivia, where C. carpenteri also occurs. An unusual feature of the male antennae is described: long setae on F2 and F3 (less commonly F4) that are appressed to, and occasionally longer than, the succeeding flagellomere. Additional records for previously described species are listed and a revised key to males is provided as well as a provisional complete key for all females.
Aguiar, A.P. & Gibson, G.A.P. (2010) The spatial complexity in describing leg surfaces of Hymenoptera (Insecta), the problem and a proposed solution. Zootaxa, 2415, 54–62.
Brothers, D.J. (1976) Modification of the metapostnotum and origin of the 'propodeal triangle' in Hymenoptera Aculeata. Systematic Entomology, 1, 177–182.
Eberhard, W.G. (1996) Female control: Sexual selection by cryptic female choice. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 472 pp.
Gonzalez V.H. & & Giraldo, C. (2009) New Andean bee species of Chilicola (Hymenoptera: Colletidae, Xeromelissinae) with notes on their biology. Caldasia, 31, 145–154.
Harris, R.A. (1979) A glossary of surface sculpturing. Occasional papers in Entomology, Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry California, 28, 1–30.
Hoorn, C., Wesselingh, P.F., ter Steege, H.M.A., Bermudez, M.A., Mora, A., Sevink, J.,Sanmartín, I., Sanchez-Meseguer, A., Anderson, C.L., Figueiredo, J.P., Jaramillo, C., Riff, D., Negri, F.R., Hooghiemstra, H., Lundberg, J., Stadler, T., Särkinen, T. & Antonelli, A. (2010) Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and Biodiversity. Science, 330, 927–931.
Michener, C.D. (2002) The bee genus Chilicola in the tropical Andes, with observations on nesting biology and a phylogenetic analysis of the subgenera (Hymenoptera: Colletidae, Xeromelissinae). Scientific Papers Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, 26, 1–47.
Packer, L. (2003) The comparative morphology of the skeletal parts of the sting apparatus of the Apoidea. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 138, 1–38.
Packer, L. (2005) A new species of Geodiscelis (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Xeromelissinae) from the Atacama desert of Chile. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 14, 84–91.
Packer, L. (2008) Phylogeny and classification of the Xeromelissinae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Colletidae) with special emphasis on the genus Chilicola. Systematic Entomology, 33, 72–96.
Packer, L. & Genaro, J.A. (2007) Fifteen new species of Chilicola (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Colletidae). Zootaxa, 1468, 1–55.
Packer, L., Litman, J. & Praz, C.J. (2017) Systematic position of a remarkable new fideliine bee from northern Chile (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Systematic Entomology, 42, 473–488.
Prentice, M.A. (1998) The comparative morphology and phylogeny of apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1439 pp.
Spinola, M. (1851) Hymenópteros. In: Gay, C. (Ed.), Historia Fisica y Politica de Chile Zoologia. Vol. 6. Casa del Autor, Paris, pp. 153–569.
Timm, R.M. (2006) In memoriam: James S. “Steve” Ashe, 1947–2005. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 79 (2), 89–91.