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Article
Published: 2019-01-31

On the second specimen of Atractus alytogrammus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), with description of its unusual hemipenial morphology

Yoluka ONG, Fundación de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación, Carrera 24 # 51-81 Piso 3 Bogotá, Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Biología de Organismos Tropicales, Departamento de Biología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. Maestría en Gestión de Cuencas Hidrográficas, Decanatura de División de Educación Abierta y a Distancia, Universidad Santo Tomas. Carrera 10 No. 72 - 50, piso 1. Bogotá, Colombia
Reptilia Serpentes Dipsadidae

Abstract

The semi-fossorial snakes of the genus Atractus Wagler 1828 are widely distributed throughout South America, ranging from Panama to northeastern Argentina at elevations from sea level to 4500 m (Passos et al. 2013a). Atractus currently comprises 150 species that inhabiting several types of tropical habitats, being the most diverse genus of snakes in the world (Passos et al. 2018). Colombia harbours the most species richness of the genus with about 42 currently recognized species, representing about 1/3 of generic diversity (Uetz et al. 2018). Köhler & Kieckbusch (2014) recently has named Atractus alytogrammus based on an individual collected by Federico Meden more than fifty years ago near the municipality of San José de Guaviare (2°33’55’’N, 72°38’19’’W). The second known specimen of A. alytogrammus was found by A.F. Aponte (male, ICN-R-13018) hidden under a pile of palm leaves (3°00’05"N, 72°13’9.9"W; 209 m above sea level) at 7:58 am on February 02 2016 in the oil palm plantations of POLIGROW Colombia Ltda, municipality of Mapiripán, department of Meta, Colombia. This region is located in the Orinoquia-Amazonia ecotone 82 Km (airline) northeast from the type-locality (Fig. 1). I report herein the unknown color in life (Fig. 2), change of shades after preservation (Fig. 3B–D) and hemipenial morphology (Fig. 4), besides amplifying the meristic and morphometric variability of this poorly known species (Table 1).

 

References

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