Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2019-01-17
Page range: 277–285
Abstract views: 95
PDF downloaded: 80

Two new day-flying species of Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from the alpine summit of the Maunakea Volcano

The Urban School of San Francisco, 1563 Page St, San Francisco, CA, 94117 USA, and School of Life Sciences, UNLV, Las Vegas, NV 89154 USA.
Office of Maunakea Management, 640 North Aʻohōkū Place, University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo, HI, 96720 USA.
University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
College of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resource Management, 200 W. Kawili St. University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720 USA.
University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
Lepidoptera Hawaiʻi Mauna Kea Maunakea Mauna Loa Maunaloa Noctuinae morphology taxonomy


Two new endemic Hawaiian species of Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Noctuidae) are described: A. helela and A. kuamauna. Both species are day-flying and occur at high-elevations. Observations of adult and larval morphology and biology are included, as well as illustrations of adult moths and genitalia for both sexes.



  1. Duman, J.G. & Montgomery, S.L. (1991) Subzero temperature adaptations in arthropods from the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology, 259 (3), 409–412.

    Eiben, J. & Rubinoff, D. (2010) Life history and captive rearing of the Wekiu bug (Nysius wekiuicola, Lygaeidae), an alpine carnivore endemic to the Mauna Kea volcano of Hawaii. Journal of Insect Conservation, 14, 701–709.

    Eiben, J. & Rubinoff, D. (2014) Application of Agriculture‐Developed Demographic Analysis for the Conservation of the Hawaiian Alpine Wekiu Bug. Conservation Biology, 28 (4), 1077–1088.

    Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, 3 (5), 294–299.

    Howarth, F.G. (1987) Evolutionary ecology of aeolian and subterranean habitats in Hawaii. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2 (7), 220–223.

    Kumar, S., Stecher G. & Tamura, K. (2016) MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33 (7), 1870–1874.

    Medeiros, M. J. (2009) A revision of the endemic Hawaiian genus Thyrocopa (Lepidoptera: Xyloryctidae: Xyloryctinae). Zootaxa, 2202, 1–47.

    Meyrick, E. (1899) Macrolepidoptera. In: Sharp, D. (Ed.), Fauna Hawaiiensis. 1 (2). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 123–275.

    Lafontaine, J.D. (2004) Noctuoidea: Noctuidae (part), Noctuinae (part—Agrotini). In: Hodges, R.W. (Ed.), The moths of North America. Fascicle 27.1. Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington, D.C., pp. 1–385.

    Nishida, G. (2002) Hawaiian Terrestrial Arthropod Checklist. 4th Edition. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, 313 pp.

    Ochsenheimer, F. (1816) Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Vol. 4. Gerhard Fleischer, Leipzig, 224 pp.

    San Blas, G. (2014) Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae): a systematic analysis of South American species. Zootaxa, 3771 (1), 1–64.

    San Blas, G. (2015) A morphological phylogeny of Agrotis Ochsenheimer (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), with emphasis on the South American species. Zoologica Scripta, 44 (2), 153–164.

    Simon, C., Frati, F., Beckenbach, A., Crespi, B., Liu, H. & Flook, P. (1994) Evolution, weighting, and phylogenetic utility of mitochondrial gene sequences and a compilation of conserved polymerase chain reaction primers. Annals of the entomological Society of America, 87 (6), 651–701.

    Somme, L. (1989) Adaptations of terrestrial arthropods to the alpine environment. Biological Reviews, 64 (4), 367–407.

    Walsingham, L.T. de G. (1907b) Microlepidoptera. In: Sharp, D. (Ed.), Fauna Hawaiiensis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 469–759.

    Zimmerman, E.C. (1958) Insects of Hawaii. Vol. 7. Macrolepidoptera. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 542 pp.