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Type: Monograph
Published: 2018-12-21
Page range: 1–116
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New genera, species and occurrence records of Goniasteridae (Asteroidea; Echinodermata) from the Indian Ocean

Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Echinodermata Deep-sea Indian Ocean Valvatida Oreasteridae Goniasteridae Asteroidea feeding diversity


Modern goniasterids are the most numerous of living asteroids in terms of described genera and species and they have important ecological roles from shallow to deep-water marine habitats. Recent MNHN expeditions and historical collections in the USNM have resulted in the discovery of 18 new species, three new genera and multiple new occurrence records from the western Indian Ocean region including Madagascar, Glorioso and Mayotte islands, Walters Shoal, South Africa, and Somalia. This report provides the first significant contribution to knowledge of deep-sea Asteroidea from the Indian Ocean since the late 20th Century. Several deep-sea species, previously known from the North Pacific are now reported from the western Indian Ocean. Gut contents from Stellaster and Ogmaster indicate deposit feeding. Feeding modes of this and other deep-sea species are discussed. Comments are made on fossil members of included taxa. A checklist of Indian Ocean Goniasteridae is also included.


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