Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2018-11-30

The genus Bittacus Latreille (Insecta: Mecoptera) in Brazil: key to species, distribution maps, new synonym, and three new species

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso—UFMT, Instituto de Biociências, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia—INPA, Caixa Postal 2223, 69080-971, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia—INPA, Caixa Postal 2223, 69080-971, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
Mecoptera Bittacidae hangingflies taxonomy scorpionflies Amazon

Abstract

The Brazilian species of Bittacus Latreille (Mecoptera: Bittacidae) are reviewed and one new synonym is proposed (Thyridates willmanni Collucci & Amorin syn. n. of Bittacus diversinervis Souza Lopes & Mangabeira). Three new species are herein described: Bittacus cruzi sp. n. from Amazonas, Presidente Figueiredo and Manaus, B. ferreirai sp. n. from Bahia, Aracatu and B. varzeanus sp. n. from Amazonas, Tefé, bringing the current number of Bittacus species in Brazil to 18. Illustrations, comments, and distribution maps of each species are presented. An identification key to the Brazilian genera of Mecoptera and Bittacus species is also presented.

 

References

  1. Ardila-Camacho, A., Vargas, J.F., Arango, C.J., García-García, A. & Machado, R.J.P. (2017) New distributional records of Mecoptera (Insecta) from Colombia. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 57 (18), 221–229.

    https://doi.org/10.11606/0031-1049.2017.57.18

    Ascuntar-Osnas, O., Domínguez, D.T., Ulloa, P.C. & Machado, R.J.P. (2016) First record of the order Mecoptera (Insecta) for the Gorgona Island (Colombia), with the description of a new species. Zootaxa, 4097 (2), 271–279.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.2.9

    Bicha, W.J. (2018) Biodiversity of Mecoptera. In: Foottit, R.G. & Adler, P.H. (Eds.), Insect Biodiversity: science and society. Vol. II. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 705–720.

    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118945582.ch23

    Byers, G.W. (1965) New and uncommon Neotropical Mecoptera. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 38 (2), 135–144.

    Byers, G.W. (1996) Descriptions and distributional records of American Mecoptera. IV. University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 55 (14), 519–547.

    Byers, G.W. (2004) A collection of Mecoptera from Latin America. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 77 (2), 137–142.

    https://doi.org/10.2317/0309.06.1

    Byers, G.W. & Thornhill, R. (1983) Biology of Mecoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 28, 203–228.

    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.28.010183.001223

    Collucci, E. & Amorim, D.S. (2000) Three new species of Thyridates Navás, 1908 (Mecoptera, Bittacidae) from Brazil, with new combinations and some comments about phylogenetic relationships within the genus. Contribuições Avulsas Sobre a História Natural do Brasil, Série Zoologia, 21, 1–8.

    Collucci, E. & Amorim, D.S. (2001) Descrição de uma nova espécie de Thyridates Navás, 1908 de Governador Valadares, estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil e redescrição de T. femoralis (Klug, 1836) (Mecoptera, Bittacidae). Contribuições Avulsas Sobre a História Natural do Brasil, Série Zoologia, 36, 1–6.

    Contreras-Ramos, A., Sarmiento-Cordero, M.A. & Penny, N.D. (2014) Biodiversidad de Mecoptera en México. Revista Mexicana de Biodversidad, 85 (Supplement), 339–344. [S339‒S344]
    https://doi.org/10.7550/rmb.35747

    Dias, P.G. & Kumagai, A.F. (2011) Abundância e Sazonalidade de Bittacidae (Mecoptera) em duas áreas de conservação em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Acta Biológica Paranaense, 40 (1‒2), 33–37.

    https://doi.org/10.5380/abpr.v40i(1-4).25126

    Erichson, W. F. (1848). Neuroptera. In: Schomburgk, R. (Ed.), Reisen in Britisch Guiana in den Jahren 1840‒1844. Theil 3. Leipzig, pp. 586‒587.

    Esben-Petersen, P. (1914) New genera and species of Mecoptera. Entomologiske Meddelelser, 10, 129–132.

    Esben-Petersen, P. (1921) Mecoptera. Monographic revision. In: Collections Zoologiquesdu Baron Edmond de Selys Longchamps. Catalogue Systématique et Descriptif. Fasc. 5. Hayez, Bruxelles, pp. 1–172.

    Esben-Petersen, P. (1927) New and little-known species of Mecoptera and Neuroptera in the Zoological Museum of Helsingfors. Notulae Entomologicae, 7, 13–18.

    Kimmins, D.E. (1939) Nota sobre Bittacus braziliensis Klug (Mecoptera). Notas del Museo de La Plata, 27, 403‒405.

    Klug, J.C.F. (1838) Versuch einer systematischen Feststellung der Insekten-Familie: Panorpatae und Auseinandersetzung ihrer Gattungen und Arten. Abhandlungen der koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1836, 81–108.

    Latreille, P.A. (1805) Histoire naturelle, generale et particuliere de Crustaces et des Insectes. Vol. 13. Dufart, Paris, 432 pp.

    Lima, A.R. & Dias, P.G. (2016) The uncommon Neotropical genus Pazius Navás, 1913 (Mecoptera: Bittacidae): a comprehensive synthesis, with description of a new Brazilian species. Zootaxa, 4169 (3), 504‒514.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4169.3.5

    Machado, R.J.P. (2018) Bittacidae. Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. Available from: http://fauna.jbrj.gov.br/fauna/faunadobrasil (accessed 20 February 2018)

    Machado, R.J.P., Godoi, F.S.P. & Rafael, J.A. (2009) Neotropical Mecoptera (Insecta): new generic synonymies, new combinations, key to families and genera, and checklist of species. Zootaxa, 2148, 27‒38.

    Machado, R.J.P., Limeira-de-Oliveira, F. & Rafael, J.A. (2010) Mecoptera (Insecta) do estado do Maranhão: chave para identificação das espécies e descrição da fêmea de Bittacus latreillei (Collucci & Amorim). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 54 (4), 604‒607.

    https://doi.org/10.1590/S0085-56262010000400011

    Machado, R.J.P., Kawada, R. & Rafael, J.A. (2013) New continental record and new species of Austromerope (Mecoptera, Meropeidae) from Brazil. Zookeys, 269, 51‒65.
    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.269.4255

    Morgante, J.S. (1967) Duas novas espécies de Bittacus Latreille 1807 (Mecoptera, Bittacidae). Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, 20, 55–58.

    Navás, L. (1926) Algunos insectos del Brasil. (3a serie). Broteria, Zoologica, 23, 5–15.

    Navás, L. (1929) Insectos exóticos neurópteros y afines del Museo civico de Génova. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria, 53, 354–389.

    Papavero, N. (1971) Essays on the history of Neotropical dipterology: with special references to collectors (17501905). Vol. I. Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 216 pp.

    Penny, N.D. (1977) Two new species of Bittacidae (Mecoptera) from the Amazon Basin. Acta Amazonica, 7 (3), 423–427.

    https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921977073423

    Penny, N.D. (2011) World checklist of extant Mecoptera species. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/entomology/Entomology_Resources/mecoptera/index (accessed 20 February 2018)

    Penny, N.D. & Arias, J.R. (1982) Notes on Amazonian Bittacidae (Mecoptera) with the descriptions of two new species. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 77 (3), 263–274.

    https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761982000300005

    Penny, N.D. & Arias, J.R. (1983) A new species of Issikiella from the Amazon basin (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). Acta Amazonica, 13 (3–4), 701–704.

    https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-439219831334701

    Penny, N.D. & Byers, G.W. (1979a) Chave para as famílias e gêneros da Mecoptera (Insecta) da América, do sul dos Estados Unidos. Acta Amazonica, 9 (2), 363–364.
    https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921979092363

    Penny, N.D. & Byers, G.W. (1979b) A check–list of the Mecoptera of the world. Acta Amazonica, 9 (2), 365–388.

    https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921979092365

    Petrulevičius, J.F. (2003) Phylogenetic and biogeographical remarks on Thyridates (Mecoptera: Bittacidae), with the first fossil record of the taxon. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 46 (Supplement—Fossil Insects), 257–265.

    Pictet, F.J. (1836) Description de quelques nouvelles especes de Nevropteres, du Musee de Geneve. Memoires de la Societe de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Geneve, 7, 399–404.

    Setty, L.R. (1940) Biology and morphology of some North American Bittacidae (Order Mecoptera). American Midland Naturalist, 23, 257–353.

    https://doi.org/10.2307/2420667

    Souza Lopes, H. de & Mangabeira, O. (1942) Sobre algumas espécies brasileiras do gênero Bittacus Latr., 1807, com a descrição de três espécies novas (Panorpatae, Bittacidae). Revista brasileira de Biologia, 2, 331–341.

    Walker, F. (1853) List of the specimens of neuropterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part II. Sialides—Nemopterides. British Museum, London, 284 pp. [pp. 193–476]

    Westwood, J.O. (1846) A monograph of the genus Panorpa, with descriptions of some species belonging to other allied genera. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 4, 184–196.

    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1846.tb01352.x

    Williner, G.J. (1990) Nuevas especies de Bittacus Latreille 1907 en la Argentina (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 48 (1–4), 107–114.

    Willmann, R. (1983) Die phylogenetischen Beziehungen unter den südamerikanischen Bittacidae (Insecta: Mecoptera). Zoologische Beiträge Neue Folge, 28, 47–65.