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Article
Published: 2018-08-29

First record of Trochochaeta japonica (Annelida: Spionidae) in Brazil with identification key to species of the genus

A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Aca-demy of Sciences, 17 Palchevsky Street, Vladivostok 690041, Russia.
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - UERJ, IBRAG, Departamento de Zoologia, Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 20.550-900, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Laboratório de Polychaeta, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21.941-590, Brasil.
Annelida Polychaete spiomorph morphology systematics South America

Abstract

Polychaetes of the spionid genus Trochochaeta occur mainly in the northern hemisphere, including North and Central America. In South America, they have been reported only from the northeast region of Brazil – Sergipe and Paraíba – despite numerous biological investigations around the continent. In 2006, a dense population (up to 7000 individuals per square meter) of Trochochaeta was discovered in the estuary of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil, hosting the busiest container sea port in Latin America, and in 2008, one Trochochaeta specimen was found in Camamu Bay, Bahia. We identify these worms as Trochochaeta japonica Imajima, 1989 and describe and illustrate their morphology. This is the first record of the species from outside of its type locality in Honshu, Japan. It might have been introduced to the estuary of Santos as larvae in ballast water of ocean-going vessels. We review the systematics of Trochochaeta and provide an identification key to 12 currently recognized species.

 

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How to Cite

RADASHEVSKY, V. I., RIZZO, A. E., & PEIXOTO, A. J. M. (2018). First record of <em>Trochochaeta</em> <em>japonica</em> (Annelida: Spionidae) in Brazil with identification key to species of the genus. Zootaxa, 4462(4), 566–578. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4462.4.8