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Article
Published: 2018-07-23

Aphaenogaster gamagumayaa sp. nov.: the first troglobiotic ant from Japan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)

Goeku 2-8-3, Okinawa-shi, Okinawa, 904-0001 Japan.
The Kyushu University Museum, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581 Japan.
Hymenoptera cave-dwelling species guano island limestone cave Myrmicinae Okinawa-jima Ryukyu Archipelago troglobiont.

Abstract

Aphaenogaster gamagumayaa sp. nov., a new troglobiotic (true cave-dwelling) ant species, from a limestone cave on the island of Okinawa (Okinawa-jima), Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan is described. This is the first discovery of a troglobiotic ant in Japan and the second verified record worldwide. This species has only been found in a cave area with heavy guano deposits, and some worker ants were observed carrying guano. The evidence for categorizing this new species as troglobiont is discussed.

 

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How to Cite

NAKA, T., & MARUYAMA, M. (2018). <em>Aphaenogaster gamagumayaa</em> sp. nov.: the first troglobiotic ant from Japan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa, 4450(1), 135–141. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4450.1.10