Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Correspondence
Published: 2018-06-22
Page range: 597–598
Abstract views: 53
PDF downloaded: 2

Libelloidini, new name for an old tribe (Neuroptera Ascalaphidae)

Dipartimento di Agraria, sezione di Entomologia, Università degli Studi, via Enrico De Nicola, 07100 Sassari SS (Italia). ISE-CNR (Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) Traversa la Crucca 3, Regione Baldinca, 07100 Li Punti SS (Italia).
ISE-CNR (Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) Traversa la Crucca 3, Regione Baldinca, 07100 Li Punti SS (Italia).
Neuroptera Ascalaphidae


Almost a half century ago, Tjeder (1972) stated that the genus Ascalaphus had been interpreted in a sense other than that defined by its type species (see Pantaleoni and Loru 2018). So, the generic name Ascalaphus Fabricius, 1775, became the senior synonym of Helicomitus McLachlan, 1871, and the genus Libelloides, Schäffer, 1763, was reserved for the Palearctic diurnal coloured owlflies, which until then were considered to belong to the genus Ascalaphus. Even though Tjeder’s proposition produced a dramatic change in a long-term “prevailing usage”, it was immediately and universally accepted as necessary. However, surprisingly, this change was never followed by the consequent necessary nomenclatural changes at the family-group name level.



  1. Alexandrov-Martynov, O.M. (1926) Die Ascalaphiden von Turkestan, Persien und West-Himalaya (nach den Sammlungen des Zoologischen Museums der Akademie der Wissenschaften des U.S.S.R.). Энтомологическое Обозрение [=Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie], 20, 197–203.

    Aspöck, U. & Aspöck, H. (1987) Wiederentdeckung von Puer maculatus (Olivier) in Europa (Neuropteroidea: Planipennia: Ascalaphidae). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen, 39, 5–11.

    Badano, D. & Pantaleoni, R.A. (2012) Agadirius trojani gen. et sp. nov.: a new owlfly (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae) from Morocco. Zootaxa, 3270, 51–57.

    Fabricius, I.O. (1775) Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. in officina librari Kortii, Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, 832 pp.

    ICZN (1999) International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, XXXIX + 306 pp.

    Lefèbvre, A. (1842) G. Ascalaphe. Ascalaphus. Fabricius. vel Azesia. A Lefèbvre. Magasin de Zoologie, d'Anatomie Comparée et de Palaeontologie (Guérin-Méneville), 4 (text to plate 92), 1–10.

    McLachlan, R. (1873 [1871]) An attempt towards a systematic classification of the family Ascalaphidae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology, 11, 219–276.

    Navás, L. (1912) Sinopsis de los Ascaláfidos (Ins. Neur.). Arxius de l’Institut de Ciències, Institut d’Estudis Catalans, Secció de Ciències, 1, 45–143.

    Navás, L. (1919) Algunos insectos Neurópteros de la República Argentina. Serie tercera [III]. Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas Fisicas y Naturales de Madrid, 17, 287–305.

    New, T.R. (1984) Revision of the Australian Ascalaphidae. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series, 100, 1–86.

    Orfila, R.N. (1949) Notas criticas sobre Ascalaphidae (Neurop.). Anales de la Sociedad Científica Argentina, 148, 187–194.

    Pantaleoni, R.A. & Loru, L. (2018) The spurious dragonfly: the intricate nomenclatural problems regarding the names Libelloides and libelluloides (Neuroptera Ascalaphidae et Myrmeleontidae). Zootaxa, 4387 (3), 524–540.

    Penny, N.D. (1981) Review of the generic level classification of the New World Ascalaphidae (Neuroptera). Acta Amazonica, 11, 391–406.

    Schäffer, J.C. (1763) Das Zwiefalter- oder Afterjüngferchen. Regensburg, verlegts Johann Leopold Montag, [6] + 26 pp., 1 pl.

    Tjeder, B. (1972) Two necessary alterations in long-established genus nomenclature in Ascalaphidae (Neuroptera). Entomologica Scandinavica, 3, 153–155.

    Tjeder, B. (1992) The Ascalaphidae of the Afrotropical Region (Neuroptera). 1. External morphology and bionomics of the family Ascalaphidae, and taxonomy of the subfamily Haplogleniinae including the tribes Proctolyrini n. tribe, Melambrotini n. tribe, Campylophlebini n. tribe, Tmesibasini n. tribe, Allocormodini n. tribe, and Ululomyiini n. tribe of Ascalaphidae. Entomologica Scandinavica, 41 (Supplement), 3–169.

    Tjeder, B. & Hansson, C. (1992) The Ascalaphidae of the Afrotropical Region (Neuroptera). 2. Revision of the tribe Ascalaphini (subfam. Ascalaphinae) excluding the genus Ascalaphus Fabricius. Entomologica Scandinavica, 41 (Supplement), 171–237.

    Weele, H.W. van der (1909) Ascalaphiden. Collections Zoologiques du Baron Edm. de Selys Longchamps, Catalogue Systématique et Descriptif, 8, 1–326. [1908]