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Type: Article
Published: 2018-06-11
Page range: 71–100
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A new species of Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro (Anura: Leptodactylidae: Leiuperinae) from eastern Brazil, with novel data on the advertisement call of Pseudopaludicola falcipes (Hensel)

Laboratório de História Natural de Anfíbios Brasileiros (LaHNAB), Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Laboratório de Taxonomia e Sistemática de Anuros Neotropicais (LTS
Laboratório de Taxonomia e Sistemática de Anuros Neotropicais (LTSAN), Faculdade de Ciências Integradas do Pontal, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Ituiutaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Departamento de Zoologia e Centro de Aquicultura (CAUNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil
Sagarana Lab, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Florestal, Florestal, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Haldenstr. 28, 70736 Fellbach, Germany
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Departamento de Zoologia e Centro de Aquicultura (CAUNESP), Instituto de Biociências, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil
Laboratório de História Natural de Anfíbios Brasileiros (LaHNAB), Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil
Laboratório de Taxonomia e Sistemática de Anuros Neotropicais (LTSAN), Faculdade de Ciências Integradas do Pontal, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Ituiutaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Amphibia Advertisement call bioacoustics integrative taxonomy Pseudopaludicola pocoto morphologically cryptic species


The Neotropical genus Pseudopaludicola includes 21 species, which occur throughout South America. Recent studies suggested that the population of Andaraí, in the state of Bahia, is an undescribed species, related to P. pocoto. Herein we formally describe this new species from lowlands of eastern Brazil. Recognition of this new species is supported by adult morphology, advertisement call, karyotype, and molecular data. It is diagnosed mainly by its small size, terminal phalanges knobbed (lack any expansion of the digital tips), proportionally short hindlimbs, 11 pairs of chromosomes, and advertisement call composed of series of three-pulsed notes, emitted at a high rate. In addition, we report for the first time the presence of P. pocoto in the campo rupestre (rupestrian grasslands) of Chapada Diamantina, a population with a much darker dorsal coloration than the population from the type locality. We also redescribed the advertisement call of P. falcipes based on recordings from topotypic males.



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