Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
Published: 2018-06-07

Annotated checklist of the fishes of the archipelago of Madeira (NE Atlantic): I—Chondrichthyes

Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE), Estação de Biologia Marinha do Funchal and Museu de História Natural do Funchal, R. da Mouraria 31, Funchal 9004–546, Madeira, Portugal. OOM Observatório Oceânico da Madeira, Edifício Madeira Tecnopolo, 9020–105 Funchal, Portugal
OOM Observatório Oceânico da Madeira, Edifício Madeira Tecnopolo, 9020–105 Funchal, Portugal Centro de Ciências do Mar (CCMAR), Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro Portugal
Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE), Estação de Biologia Marinha do Funchal and Museu de História Natural do Funchal, R. da Mouraria 31, Funchal 9004–546, Madeira, Portugal. OOM Observatório Oceânico da Madeira, Edifício Madeira Tecnopolo, 9020–105 Funchal, Portugal
Pisces cartilaginous fishes checklist Madeira Archipelago NE Atlantic Ocean

Abstract

As part of an annotated checklist of fishes of the archipelago of Madeira, a list with all cartilaginous fishes recorded from the archipelago is presented. The list contains 67 species of sharks, rays and chimaeras, whose presence in the area the authors consider confirmed. Another 14 species previously referred for the area are now considered dubious records and five species are withdrawn from the list. Centrophorus uyato is here recorded for the first time from Madeira. Three species (Mitsukurina owstoni, Odontaspis noronhai and Chimaera opalescens) are so far only present in Madeira within Macaronesia. The 67 confirmed species are based on occurrences, substantiated by specimens in natural history museum collections or other published evidence. For all species, the first reference is given, as well as other relevant references for the archipelago and remaining Macaronesia.

 

References

  1. Albuquerque, R.M. (1954–56) Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes. Portugaliae Acta Biologica, Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Lisboa, Série B, 1164 pp.

    Almada, F., Abecasis, D., Villegas-Ríos, D., Henriques, S., Pais, M.P., Batista, M., Costa, B.H., Martins, J., Tojeira, I., Rodrigues, N.V., Araújo, R., Souto, M., Alonso, H., Falcón, J.M., Henriques, F., Catry, P., Cabral, H., Biscoito, M. & Almada, V.C. (2015) Ichthyofauna of the Selvagens Islands. Do small coastal areas show high species richness in the northeastern Atlantic? Marine Biology Research, 11, 49–61.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2014.889306

    Arruda, L.M. (1997) Checklist of the marine fishes of the Azores. Arquivos do Museu Bocage, Nova Série, 3 (2), 13–164.

    Azevedo, J.M.N., Sousa, F.L. & Brum, J.M.M. (2003) Dermal denticles and morphometrics of the sailfin roughshark Oxynotus paradoxus (Elasmobranchii, Oxynotidae), with comments on its geographic distiribution. Cybium, 27, 117–122.

    Báez, M. & Sánchez-Pinto, L. (1983) Islas de fuego y agua. Canarias, Azores, Madeira, Salvajes, Cabo Verde. Edicirca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 184 pp.

    Ball, R.E., Serra-Pereira, B., Ellis, J., Genner, M.J., Iglésias, S., Johnson, A.F., Jones, C.S., Leslie, R., Lewis, J., Mariani, S., Menezes, G., Neat, F., Noble, L.R., Sims, D.W. & Griffiths, A.M. (2016) Resolving taxonomic uncertainty in vulnerable elasmobranchs: are the Madeira skate (Raja maderensis) and the thornback ray (Raja clavata) distinct species? Conservation Genetics, 17, 565–576.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-015-0806-1

    Beyhl, F.E., Myes, B. & Ohm, P. (1995) Macaronesia: a biogeographical puzzle. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, 04-A (Supplement), 107–113.

    Bello, G., Causse, R., Lipej, L. & Dulčić, J. (2014) A proposed best practice approach to overcome unverified and unverifiable “first records” in ichthyology, Cybium, 38, 9–14.

    Belloc, G. (1934) Catalogue des poissons comestibles du Maroc et de la Côte occidentale d’Afrique (du Cap Spartel au Cap Vert). Première partie-Poissons cartilagineux. Revue des Travaux de l’Office des Pêches Maritimes, 7 (9), 117–193.

    Biais, G., Coupeau, Y., Séret, B., Calmettes, B., Lopez, R., Hetherington, S. & Righton, D. (2017) Return migration patterns of porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus) in the Northeast Atlantic: implications for stock range and structure. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 74 (5), 1268–1276.
    https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsw233

    Biscoito, M. & Wirtz, P. (1994) Two new records of stingrays (Pisces: Dasyatidae) from the archipelago of Madeira (NE Atlantic). Bocagiana, 169, 1–4.

    Boeseman, M. (1973) Hexanchidae and Chlamydoselachidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.). Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Vol. 1. Unesco, Paris, pp. 8–10.

    Boeseman, M. (1984) Hexanchidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E., Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 72–75.

    Bowdich, T.E. (1825) Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo, during the Autumn of 1823, while on his third voyage to Africa. G. B. Whittaker, London, xii + 272 pp.

    Branstetter, S. (1984a) Carcharhinidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 102–114.

    Branstetter, S. (1984b) Triakidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 117–121.

    Brito, A., Pascual, P.J., Falcón, J.M., Sancho, A. & González, G. (2002) Peces de las Islas Canarias: catálogo comentado e ilustrado. Francisco Lemus, La Laguna, 419 pp.

    Brito Hernández, A. & Sancho Rafael, A. (2003) Chondrichthyes. In: Moro, L., Martín, J.L., Garrido, M.J. & Ozquierdo, I. (Eds.), Lista de espécies marinas de Canarias (algas, hongos, plantas y animales). Consejería de Politica Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias, La Laguna, pp. 116–118.

    Brum, J.M.M. & Azevedo, J.M.N. (1995) First record of the Galapagos shark Carcharhinus galapensis (Snodgrass & Heller, 1905) (Carcharinidae) on the Azores. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, 04-A (Supplement), 139–143.

    Cadenat, J. & Blache, J. (1981) Requins de Méditerranée et d’Atlantique: plus particulièrement de la côte occidentale d’Afrique. Editions de l’Office de la recherche scientifique et technique outre-mer, Paris, 330 pp.

    Cadenat, J. & Maul, G.E. (1966) Note d’ichtyologie ouest-africane. XLIII. Description d’une espèce nouvelle du genre Apristurus, Apristurus maderensis (Sélaciens Scyliorhinidae). Bulletin de l’I.F.A.N, 28, 769–782.

    Caldeira, R.M.A., Groom, S., Miller, P., Pilgrim, D. & Nezlin, N.P. (2002) Sea-surface signatures of the island mass effect phenomena around Madeira Island, Northeast Atlantic. Remote Sensing of Environment, 80, 336–360.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00316-9

    Capello, F.B. (1872) Primeira lista dos peixes da ilha da Madeira, Açores e das possessões portuguezas d’África, que existem no museu de Lisboa. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas Physicas e Naturaes, Tomo III, 83–88.

    Carneiro, M., Martins, R., Landi, M. & Costa, F.O. (2014) Updated checklist of marine fishes (Chordata: Craniata) from Portugal and the proposed extension of the Portuguese continental shelf. European Journal of Taxonomy, 73, 1–73.
    https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.73

    Chevolot, M., Ellis, J.R., Rijnsdorp, A.D., Stam, W.T. & Olsen, J.L. (2007) Multiple Paternity Analysis in the Thornback Ray Raja clavata L. Journal of Heredity, 98, 712–715.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.03043.x

    Collet, R. (1890) Sur quelques poissons rapportés de Madére par le prince de Monaco. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 15, 218–224.

    Compagno, L.J.V. (1973) Carcharhinidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 23–31.

    Compagno, L.J.V. (1984a) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. In: FAO Fisheries Synopsis. Vol. 4. FAO, Rome, pp. 1–249.

    Compagno, L.J.V. (1984b) FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world: an annotated and illustraded catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. In: FAO Fisheries Synopsis. Vol. 4. FAO, Rome, pp. 251–655.

    Compagno L.J.V. (1999) Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In: Hamlet W.C. (Ed), Sharks, Skates, and Rays: The Biology of Elasmobranch Fishes, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp. 471–498.

    Compagno, L.J.V. (2001) Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1. Vol. 2. FAO, Rome, 269 pp.

    Delgado, J., Carvalho, D., Freitas, M., Biscoito, M. & Gouveia, E.P. (2017) Records of some rare deep-sea fishes caught in the Lion, Susan and Unicorn Seamounts, off the archipelago of Madeira (East-central Atlantic). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 47 (1), 91–96.
    https://doi.org/10.3750/AIEP/02088

    Duméril, A. (1865).Histoire naturelle des poissons ou ichthyologie générale. Tome Premier. Elasmobranchés. Plagiostomes et Holocéphales ou Chimères. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 720 pp

    Ebert, D.A. & Stehmann, M. (2013) Sharks, batoids and chimaeras of the North Atlantic. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 7. FAO, Rome, 523 pp.

    EMEPC (2009) Proposta para a Extensão da Plataforma Continental de Portugal. Available from: http://dspace.uevora.pt/rdpc/handle/10174/2421 (accessed 1 June 2017)

    Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & Van der Laan, R. (Eds). Catalog of fishes: genera, species, references. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp (accessed 1 June 2017)

    Fowler, H.W. (1936) The Marine Fishes of West Africa. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 70 (1 & 2), 1–605 & 607–1493.

    Freitas, M. & Biscoito, M. (2001) Biology of the leafscale Gulper Shark Centrophorus squamosus (Chondrichthyes: Squalidae) in Madeira Island. Proceedings of the I Simposium “Island Ecosystems—A Conservation and Molecular Approach”, 2001, 250.

    Freitas, M. & Biscoito, M. (2007) Four Chondrichthyes new for the archipelago of Madeira and adjacent seamounts (NE Atlantic Ocean). Bocagiana, 221, 1–7.

    Freitas, M., Almeida, A.J., Delgado, J., González, J.A., Santana, J.I. & Biscoito, M. (2011) First record of Hydrolagus affinis (Holocephali: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae) from Madeira and the Seine seamount (North Atlantic Ocean). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 41, 255–257.
    https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2011.41.3.14

    Freitas, M., Vieira, S., Costa, L., Delgado, J., Biscoito, M. & González, J. (2017) First records of Chimaera opalescens (Holocephali: Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae) from Madeira and North-West African coast. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 47, 81–84.
    https://doi.org/10.3750/AIEP/02114

    Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (Eds.) (2017) FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Version 02/2017. Available from: http://www.fishbase.org (accessed 1 June 2017)

    Garman, S. (1913) The plagiostomia (sharks, skates and rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 36, 528.

    Geldmacher, J., Bogaard, P. van den, Hoernle, K. & Schmincke, H.U. (2000) The 40Ar/39Ar age dating of the Madeira Archipelago and hotspot track (eastern North Atlantic). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 1, 1–26.
    https://doi.org/10.1029/1999GC000018

    Gilbert, C.R. (1973) Sphyrnidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 32–34.

    Günther, A. (1870) Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Vol. 8. British Museum (Natural History), London, 549 pp.

    Hanel, R. & John, H.-C. (2014) A revised checklist of Cape Verde Islands sea fishes. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 1–35.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12621

    Iglésias, S.P., Toulhoat, L. & Sellos, D.Y. (2010) Taxonomic confusion and market mislabelling of threatened skates: important consequences for their conservation status. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, 319–333.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1083

    Johnson, J.Y. (1885). Handbook for Madeira: Madeira its climate and scenery, a handbook for invalid and other visitors with chapters on the fauna, flora, geology and meteorology. Dulau & Co., London, 310 pp

    Johnson, J.Y. (1868) Description of a new genus of Spinacidae, founded upon a shark obtained at Madeira. Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London, 1867, Part 3, 713–715.

    Krefft, G. & Tortonese, E. (1973) Squalidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 37–48.

    Krefft, G. & Stehmann, M. (1973a) Torpedinidae In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 55–57.

    Krefft, G. & Stehmann, M. (1973b) Dasyatidae and Myliobatidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 70–75.

    Krefft, G. & Stehmann, M. (1973c) Mobulidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 77–79.

    Krefft, G. & Stehmann, M. (1973d) Pristidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 51–52.

    Last, P.R., Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M., Naylor, G.J.P. & White, W.T. (2016a) Family Dasyatidae. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W., Naylor, G.J.P. & Marshall, L. (Eds.), Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton South VIC, pp. 522–618.

    Last, P.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W. & Weigmann, S. (2016b) Family Rajidae. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W., Naylor, G.J.P. & Marshall, L. (Eds.), Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton South VIC, pp. 204–363.

    Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W., Naylor, G.J.P. & Marshall, L. (Eds) (2016c) Rays of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton South VIC, 790 pp.

    Lichtenstein, M.H.C. (1844) Madeira Insula. Descriptiones Animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis terras per annos 1772 1773 et 1774 suscepto, collegit observavit et delineavit Ioannes Reinoldus Forster ... nunc demum editae ... Henrico Lichtenstein, 1844, i–xiii + 1–423.

    Lloris, D., Rucabado, J. & Figueroa, H. (1991) Biogeography of the Macaroneisan Ichthyofauna (the Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Cape verde and the African Enclave, Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal 43, 191–241.

    López Abellán, L.J., Santamaría, M.T.G. & Balguerías, E. (1994) Resultados de la campaña experimental de pesca, realizada en aguas del suroeste de la isla de Tenerife, Canarias 9206. Informes Técnicos del Instituto Español de Oceanografia, 147, 1–62.

    Lowe, R.T. (1834) Characters of a new Genus, and of several New Species of Fishes from Madera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, Part I [1833], 142–144.

    Lowe, R.T. (1838) A synopsis of the fishes of Madeira; with the principal synonyms, Portuguese names, and characteres of the new Genera and Species. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 2, Part 3 (14), 173–200.

    Lowe, R.T. (1839) A supplement to a synopsis of the Fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 7, 76–92.

    Lowe, R.T. (1841) Certain new species of Madeiran fishes and containing additional information relating to those already described. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, Part VIII, 36–39. [1840]

    Lowe, R.T. (1843–60) A history of the Fishes of Madeira. John van Voorst, London,196 pp, 27+1 pl.

    Lowe, R.T. (1843) Notices of fishes newly observed or discovered in Madeira during the years 1840, 1841, and 1842. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 11, 81–95.

    Lowe, R.T. (1849) Supplement to “A synopsis of the fishes of Madeira.” Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, III, 1–20.

    Lowe, R.T. (1852) An account of fishes discovered or observed in Madeira since the year 1842. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1850 (18), 247–253.

    Martins, R. & Ferreira, C. (1995) Line fishing for black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) and other deep water species in the eastern mid Atlantic to the north of Madeira. In: Hopper, A.G. (Ed.), Deep-Water Fisheries of the North Atlantic Oceanic Slope. NATO ASI Series, Series E (Applied Sciences), 296, 323–335.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8414-2_14

    Maul, G.E. (1948) Lista Sistemática dos peixes assinalados nos mares da Madeira e índice alfabético. In: Noronha, A. C. & Sarmento, A.A. Vertebrados da Madeira: Peixes. Junta Geral do Distrito Autónomo do Funchal, Funchal, 137–181.

    Maul, G.E. (1955) Five species of rare sharks new for Madeira including two new to science. Notulae Naturae, 279, 1–13.

    Maul, G.E. (1976) The fishes taken in bottom trawls by R.V. “Meteor” during the 1967 Seamounts cruises in the Northeast Atlantic. “ Meteor” Forschungst-Ergebnisse, D (22), 1–69, figs. 1–37, pl.1.

    McEachran, J.D. & Branstetter, S. (1984) Squalidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 128–147.

    McEachran, J.D. & Capapé, D.L. (1984) Dasyatidae, Gymnuridae and Myliobatidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 197–207.

    Menezes, G.M., Tariche, O., Pinho, M.R., Duarte, P.N., Fernandes, A. & Aboim, M.A. (2004) Annotated list of fishes caught by the R/V Arquipélago off the Cape Verde archipelago. Arquipélago, Life and Marine Sciences, 21A, 57–71.

    Menezes, G.M., Rosa, A., Melo, O. & Pinho, M.R. (2009) Demersal fish assemblages off the Seine and Sedlo seamounts (northeast Atlantic). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, 2683–2704.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.028

    Menezes, G.M., Rosa, A., Melo, O. & Porteiro, F. (2012) Annotated list of demersal fishes occurring at Sedlo Seamount, Azores north-east central Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology, 81, 1003–1018.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03355.x

    Monteiro, P., Ribeiro, D., Silva, J.A., Bispo, J. & Gonçalves, J. (2008) Ichthyofauna assemblages from two unexplored Atlantic seamounts: Northwest Bank and João Valente Bank (Cape Verde archipelago). Scientia Marina, 72, 133–143.
    https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2008.72n1133

    Muñoz-Chápuli, R. & Ramos, F. (1989) Review of the Centrophorus sharks (Elasmobranchii, Squalidae) of the eastern Atlantic. Cybium, 13 (1), 65–81.

    Nakaya, K. & Sato, K. (1998) Taxonomic review of Apristurus laurussonii (Saemundsson, 1922) from the Eastern North Atlantic (Elasmobranchii: Scyliorhinidae). Cybium, 22, 149–157.

    Nieto, A., Ralph, G.M., Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Kemp, J., García Criado, M., Allen, D.J., Dulvy, N.K., Walls, R.H.L., Russell, B., Pollard, D., García, S., Craig, M., Collette, B.B., Pollom, R., Biscoito, M., Labbish Chao, N., Abella, A., Afonso, P., Álvarez, H., Carpenter, K.E., Cook, R., Costa, M.J., Delgado, J., Dureuil, M., Ellis, J.R., Farrell, E.D., Fernandes, P., Florin, A.-B., Fordham, S., Fowler, S., Gil de Sola, L., Gil Herrera, J., Goodpaster, A., Harvey, M., Heessen, H., Herler, J., Jung, A., Karmovskaya, E., Keskin, C., Knudsen, S.W., Kobyliansky, S., Kovačić, M., Lawson, J.M., Lorance, P., McCully Phillips, S., Munroe, T., Nedreaas, K., Nielsen, J., Papaconstantinou, C., Polidoro, B., Pollock, C.M., Rijnsdorp, A.D., Sayer, C., Scott, J., Serena, F., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Soldo, A., Stump, E. & Williams, J.T. (2015) European Red List of marine fishes. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 81 pp.
    https://doi.org/10.2779/082723

    Nobre, A. (1935) Fauna Marinha de Portugal. I Vertebrados (Mamíferos, Répteis e Peixes). Editora do Minho, Porto, 574 pp.

    Noronha, A.C. (1926) A new species of deep water shark (Squaliolus sarmenti) from Madeira. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 16, 385–389.

    Noronha, A.C. & Sarmento, A.A. (1934) Os peixes dos mares da Madeira. Diário de Notícias, Funchal, 146 pp.

    Noronha, A.C. & Sarmento, A.A. (1948) Vertebrados da Madeira: Peixes. Junta Geral do Distrito Autónomo do Funchal, Funchal, 181 pp.

    Nunes, A.A. (1953) Peixes da Madeira. Junta Geral do Distrito Autónomo do Funchal, Funchal, 274 pp. + xxv pls.

    Parsons, T.R., Maita, Y. & Lalli, C.M. (1984) A Manual of Chemical & Biological Methods for Seawater Analysis. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 173 pp.

    Porteiro, F., Menezes, G., Afonso, P., Monteiro, J. & Santos, R. (2010) Marine fish (Chondrichthyes, Actinopterygii). In: Borges, P.A.V., Costa, A., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Gonçalves, V., Martins, A.F., Melo, I., Parente, M., Raposeiro, P., Rodrigues, P., Santos, R.S., Silva, L., Vieira, P. & Vieira, V. (Eds.), A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Princípia, Cascais, pp. 326–350.

    Quéro, J.C. (1984a) Alopiidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 91–92.

    Quéro, J.C. (1984b) Odontaspididae, Mitsukurinidae and Lamnidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris pp. 78–88.

    Quéro, J.C. (1984c) Scyliorhinidae and Pseudotriakidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 95–101.

    Quéro, J.C. (1984d) Sphyrnidae and Oxynotidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 122–127.

    Regan, T. (1906) Descriptions of some new sharks in the British Museum collection. The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology, 18, 435–440.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930608562643

    Reiner, F. (1996) Catálogo dos peixes do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde. nº 2. Publicações Avulsas do IPIMAR, Lisboa, 339 pp.

    Reiner, F. (2005) Peixes do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento das Pescas. Mindelo, 340 pp.

    Roule, L. (1912) Notice sur les Sélaciens conservés dans les collections du Musée Oceanograpique. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique, Monaco, 243, 1–36.

    Roule, L. (1919) Poissons provenant des Campagnes du Yatch Princesse Alice (1891–1903) et du yatch Hirondelle II (1914). Imprimerie de Monaco, Monaco, 190 pp.

    Saldanha, L. & Biscoito, M. (1997) Fishes from the Lucky Strike and Menez Gwen Hydrothermal vent sites (Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, 49, 189–206.

    Sanches, J.G. (1986) Nomenclatura e diagnose dos principais peixes marinhos de Portugal. (Ciclóstomos, Seláceos e Holocéfalos). Instituto Nacional de Investigação das Pescas, Lisboa, 184 pp.

    Santos, R.S., Porteiro, F. & Barreiros, J.P. (1997) Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography, Arquipélago, 1 (Supplement), 1–244.

    Serra-Pereira, B., Moura, T., Griffiths, A.M., Serrano Gordo, L. & Figueiredo, I. (2011) Molecular barcoding of skates (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) from the southern Northeast Atlantic: Barcoding of skates from the southern Northeast Atlantic. Zoologica Scripta, 40, 76–84.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00461.x

    Severino, R.B., Afonso-Dias, I, Delgado, J. & Afonso-Dias, M. (2009) Aspects of the biology of the leaf-scale gulper shark Centrophorus squamosus (Bonnaterre, 1788) off Madeira archipelago. Arquipélago - Life and Marine Sciences, 26, 57–61.

    Silva, A.A., Duarte, P.C., Giga, A. & Menezes, G.M. (1998) First record of the spined pygmy shark, Squaliolus laticaudus (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912) in the Azores, extending its distribution in the North-eastern Atlantic. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 16A, 57–61.

    Springer, S. (1973a) Lamnidae, Cetorhinidae and Alopiidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 13–17.

    Springer, S. (1973b) Odontaspididae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 11.

    Springer, S. (1973c) Scyliorhinidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 19–21.

    Springer, S. (1990) Odontaspididae. In: Quéro, J.-C., Hureau, C. Karrer, A. & Saldanha, L. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic. Junta Nacional de Investigação Científica e Tecnológica, Portugal, Union Européene d’Ichtyologie. Unesco, Paris, pp. 81–82.

    Stehmann, M. (1973) Rajidae. In: Hureau, J.-C. & Monod, Th. (Eds.), Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). Unesco, Paris, pp. 58–69.

    Stehmann, M. & Bürkel, D.L. (1984a) Torpedinidae and Rajidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 159–196.

    Stehmann, M. & Bürkel, D.L. (1984b) Pristidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 153–155.

    Stehmann, M. & Bürkel, D.L. (1984c) Chimaeridae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Unesco, Paris, pp. 212–215.

    Veríssimo, A., Cotton, C.F., Buch, R.H., Guallart, J. & Burgess, G.H. (2014) Species diversity of the deep-water gulper sharks (Squaliformes: Centrophoridae: Centrophorus) in North Atlantic waters—current status and taxonomic issues: Diversity of North Atlantic Centrophorus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 172, 803–830.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12194

    Vinciguerra, D. (1882–83) Le crociere dell'Yatcht "Corsario". III Pesci. Annali del Museo Civico di storia Naturale di Genova, 18, 607–620.

    Weigmann, S. (2016) Annotated checklist of the living sharks, batoids and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) of the world, with a focus on biogeographical diversity. Journal of Fish Biology, 88, 837–-1037.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12874

    White, W.T., Ebert, D.A., Naylor, G.J.P., Ho, H.-C., Clerkin, P., Veríssimo, A. & Cotton, C.F. (2013) Revision of the genus Centrophorus (Squaliformes: Centrophoridae): Part 1—Redescription of Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider), a senior synonym of C. acus Garman and C. niaukang Teng. Zootaxa, 3752 (1), 35–72.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3752.1.5

    Wirtz, P., Fricke, R. & Biscoito, M.J. (2008) The coastal fishes of Madeira Island–new records and an annotated check-list. Zootaxa, 1715, 1–26.

    Wirtz, P., Brito, A., Falcón, J.M., Freitas, R., Fricke, R., Monteiro, V., Reiner, F. & Tariche, O. (2013) The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands–new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana, 36, 113–142.

    Yokota, L., White, W.T. & Carvalho, M. R. (2016) Family Gymnuridae. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W., Naylor, G.J.P. & Marshall, L. (Eds.), Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton South VIC, pp 511–521.

How to Cite

BISCOITO, M., RIBEIRO, C., & FREITAS, M. (2018). Annotated checklist of the fishes of the archipelago of Madeira (NE Atlantic): I—Chondrichthyes. Zootaxa, 4429(3), 459–494. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.2