Paraindopamphantus gen. nov., containing one species, I. bruneiensis sp. nov., is reported from Brunei, as the first member of the subfamily Pamphantinae from South East Asia and the second from the Oriental Region. The strikingly myrmecomorphic P. bruneiensis, collected only from Bukit Sulang, nr Lamunin in Brunei in the canopy of Shorea johorensis Foxw. (Dipterocarpaceae) tree by insecticide fogging is described and illustrated. The genus is placed in tribe Indopamphantini, that at present contains only other genus Indopamphantus Malipatil recorded from the Western Ghats of India. The significance of the habitus and myrmecomorphy of this species, in relation to Indopamphantus makutaensis Malipatil, is discussed. A key to the two genera of Indopamphantini is provided.
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