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Type: Article
Published: 2018-02-20
Page range: 121–146
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A new species of Hyloscirtus (Anura, Hylidae) from the Colombian and Venezuelan slopes of Sierra de Perijá, and the phylogenetic position of Hyloscirtus jahni (Rivero, 1961)

Laboratório de Sistemática de Vertebrados, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Av. Ipiranga 6681, Porto Alegre, RS 90619-900, Brazil. Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales. Apartado Postal 1930, Caracas 1010-A, Venezuela.
Grupo Ambientalista AZUL, Maracaibo 4011, Venezuela.
Section of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station CO930, Austin, Texas, USA. Department of Biology, Colorado State University, 1878 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.
Colombia Endémica, Asociación para el Estudio y la Conservación de los Recursos Naturales, Cl 35 # 27-78, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia.
Amphibia Advertisement call Andes Colomascirtus Hylinae Hyloscirtus bogotensis species Group Hyloscirtus callipeza integrative taxonomy phylogeny


A new species of Hyloscirtus, belonging to the H. bogotensis species Group, is described from the Venezuelan and Colombian slopes of the Sierra de Perijá. The new species can be readily distinguished from its congeners by the combination of the following characters: mental gland present, disc-shaped and small; ulnar, outer, and inner tarsal folds present; calcar tubercle absent; whitish stripes on external border of upper eyelids and supratympanic folds, longitudinally on the mid-dorsum, on supracloacal fold, outer ulnar folds, inner and outer tarsal folds, and also on dorsal internal surface of shanks. We estimate phylogenetic relationships based on mtDNA (spanning fragments of 12S rRNA, tRNA-Val and 16S rRNA), of all Hyloscirtus species available in Genbank, as well as the new species described herein, H. callipeza, H. jahni, and H. platydactylus, all of which have not been previously sequenced. Our molecular data support the hypothesis of the new species as sister species of H. callipeza and indicates that H. jahni does not belong to the H. bogotensis species Group, but rather is sister species of all other Hyloscirtus (sensu Faivovich et al. 2005). Based on this last result we propose a new species group for H. jahni and the synonymy of Colomascirtus in Hyloscirtus. We also provide the first description of the advertisement call of H. callipeza. With the new species described herein, the number of Hyloscirtus species increases to 37.



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