Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2018-01-31

Germalna, a new genus for the New Caledonian cicada previously assigned to the genus Melampsalta Kolenati, plus a complement to the description of the genus Rouxalna Boulard, with the description of two new species (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae)

rue du tour de place 08430 Raillicourt, France. Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien, Axe 1 – Connaissance et Amélioration des Agrosystèmes, Station de Recherches Fruitières de Pocquereux, Laboratoire d’Entomologie Appliquée, PO Box 32, 98880 La Foa, Nouvelle-Calédonie. Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversit et d’Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE), Aix-Marseille Universit, UMR CNRS - IRD – UAPV, UMR 237 IRD, Centre IRD Nouméa - BP A5, 98848 Nouméa Cedex, Nouvelle-Calédonie.
Hemiptera Cicada taxonomy endemism

Abstract

Species previously assigned to Melampsalta Kolenati, in New Caledonia are reviewed. Morphological studies indicate that New Caledonian cicadas currently placed in this genus have been wrongly assigned and should be placed in a new genus. The genus Germalna gen. nov., is therefore erected to accommodate Germalna germaini comb. nov. The genus Germalna gen. nov. was first documented by Michel Boulard, but remained a nomen nudum until now. A redescription of the genus Rouxalna Boulard is provided and the following new species are described: Rouxalna villosa sp. nov., and Rouxalna scabens sp. nov. Male calling songs of Rouxalna rouxi Boulard and Rouxalna scabens sp. nov. are analysed and described from field recordings. A key to the species of Rouxalna is also provided.

 

References

  1. Amyot, C.J.B. (1847) Entomologie française. Rhynchotes. Méthode monomymique. Ordre deuxième, Homoptères. Homoptera. Latr. Annales de la Société entomologique de France, 5 (2), 143–238.

    Bennet-Clark, H.C. (1997) Timbal mechanics and the control of song frequency in the cicada Cyclochila australasiae. Journal of Experimental Biology, 200, 1681–1694.

    Boulard, M. (1988a) Taxonomie et nomenclature supérieures des Cicadoidea. Histoire problèmes et solutions. Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Travaux du Laboratoire Biologie et Evolution des Insectes Hémipteroidea, 1, 1–89.

    Boulard, M. (1988b) Homoptères Cicadoidea de Nouvelle-Calédonie. 1. Description d’un genre nouveau et de deux espèces nouvelles de Tibicinidae. In: Chazeau, J. & Tillier, S. (Eds.), Zoologia Neocaledonica. Vol. 1. Series A. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, pp. 61–66.

    Boulard, M. (1991) Quelle espèce type pour le genre Melampsalta Amyot, 1847? (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie, 8, 25–28.

    Boulard, M. (1997) Nouvelles cigales remarquables originaires de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Homoptera, Cicadoidea, Tibicinidae). In: Najt, J. & Matile, L. (Eds.), Zoologia Neocaledonica. Vol. 4. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, pp. 179–196.

    Boulard, M. (1998) Nomenclature et taxonomie supérieures des Cicadoidea ou vraies cigales: histoire, problèmes et solutions (Rhynchota Homoptera Cicadomorpha). Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Travaux du Laboratoire Biologie et Evolution des Insectes Hemipteroidea, 10, 79–129.

    Boulard, M. (1999) Postures de cymbalisation, cymbalisations et cartes d’identité acoustique des cigales 3. Espèces tropicales, des savanes et milieux ouverts (Cicadoidea, Cicadidae et Tibicinidae). Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Travaux du Laboratoire Biologie et Evolution des Insectes Hemipteroidea, 11 (12), 77–116.

    Boulard, M. (2006) Facultés acoustiques, éthologie sonore des Cigales, entomophonateurs par excellence. Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Travaux du Laboratoire Biologie et Evolution des Insectes Hemipteroidea, 16, 1–182. [pp. 131–132]

    Delorme, Q. (2016) Vastarena, a new genus for the New Caledonian cicada Abroma pumila Distant (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). Zootaxa, 4162 (1), 197–200.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4162.1.13

    Delorme, Q. (2017a) Description of four new genera and five new species of cicadas from New Caledonia (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). Zootaxa, 4243 (1), 97–124.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4243.1.4

    Delorme, Q. (2017b) Caledopsalta gen. nov., a new genus for the New Caledonian cicadas previously assigned to Pauropsalta Goding & Froggatt, plus the description of four new species (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea: Cicadidae). Austral Entomology.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/aen.12295

    Delorme, Q., Jourdan, H. & Mille, C. (2015) Description of two new cicada species of the genus Poviliana Boulard (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae) from New Caledonia. Zootaxa, 3957 (4), 489–500.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3957.4.9

    Delorme, Q., Mille, C. & Jourdan, H. (2016a) A review of the genus Kanakia Distant, 1892 (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae) from New Caledonia. Zootaxa, 4092 (3), 301–338.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4092.3.1

    Delorme, Q., Mille, C. & Jourdan, H. (2016b) Description of a new genus and two new species of high frequency cicada from New Caledonia (Insecta: Hemiptera, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). Zootaxa, 4126 (4), 563–576.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4126.4.7

    Distant, W.L. (1892) On some undescribed Cicadidae, with synonymical notes. Annals & Magazine of Natural History, 6 (10), 54–67.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939208677373

    Distant, W.L. (1905) Rhynchotal notes XXXIII. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 7 (16), 22–35.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03745480509443650

    Distant, W.L. (1906) Some undescribed species of Cicadidae. Annals & Magazine of Natural History, (7) 17, 384–389.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930608562543

    Distant, W.L. (1914) Rhynchota from New Caledonia and the surrounding Islands. In: Sarasin, F. & Roux, J. (Eds.), Nova Caledonia. Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux îles Loyauté. Annales de Zoologie, 1 (1), 369–390.

    Distant, W.L. (1920) Rhynchota from New Caledonia. Part. II. Homoptera. Annals & Magazine of Natural History, 9 (6), 456–470.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00222932008632466

    Duffels, J.P. & Vander Laan, P.A. (1985) Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera, Auchenorhyncha) 1956 – 1980. In: Series Entomologica. Vol. 34. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrect, pp. 1–414.

    Gridi-Papp, M. (2004) SoundRuler acoustic analysis. Version 0.941. 2010-08-06. Available from: http://soundruler.sourceforge.net (accessed 15 May 2015)

    Kolenati, F. (1857) Meletamata Entomologica. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (Section Biologique), 30, 399–444, pls. V–VI.

    Marshall, D., Hill, K.B.R., Moulds, M., Vanderpool, D., Cooley, J.R., Mohagan, A.B. & Simon, C. (2016) Inflation of Molecular Clock Rates and Dates: Molecular Phylogenetics, Biogeography, and Diversification of a Global Cicada Radiation from Australasia (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadettini). Systematic Biology, 65 (1), 16–34.
    https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syv069

    Metcalf, Z.P. (1963) General catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part 2. Tibicinidae. North Carolina State College Contribution, 1564, 1–492.

    Moulds, M.S. (1988) The status of Cicadetta and Melampsalta (Homoptera: Cicadidae) in Australia with the description of two new species. General and Applied Entomology, 20, 39–48.

    Moulds, M.S. (2005) An appraisal of the higher classification of cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidae) with special reference to the Australian fauna. Records of the Australian Museum, 57, 375–446.
    https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1447

    Moulds, M.S. (2012) A review of the genera of Australian cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea). Zootaxa, 3287, 1–262.

    Mozaffarian, F. & Sanborn, A.F. (2013). A new species of the genus Cicadatra from Iran (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 53 (1), 39–48.

    Sanborn, A.F. (2013) Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). With contributions to the bibliography by Martin H. Villet. Elsevier Inc., San Diego, 1002 pp.