Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2018-01-17
Page range: 25–48
Abstract views: 78
PDF downloaded: 1

Review of the Merodon albifasciatus Macquart species complex (Diptera: Syrphidae): the nomenclatural type located and its provenance discussed

University of Novi Sad, Department of Biology and Ecology, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
Zoology Unit, Finnish Museum of Natural History, PO Box17, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.
University of Novi Sad, BioSense Institute - Research Institute for Information Technologies in Biosystems, Trg Dr Zorana Đinđića 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
Department of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources/Research Institute CIBIO, University of Alicante, Apdo. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain.
Department of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources/Research Institute CIBIO, University of Alicante, Apdo. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain.
University of Novi Sad, Department of Biology and Ecology, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
Diptera integrative taxonomy mtDNA COI sequences Merodon luteofasciatus sp. nov. Merodon neofasciatus sp. nov. Merodon fractipes nomen dubium


The Palaearctic Merodon geniculatus species group (Diptera, Syrphidae: Merodontini) currently comprises six Western Mediterranean species and four species with Eastern Mediterranean distribution. One of this group species, Merodon albifasciatus Macquart, 1842, is the only Merodon species listed from the Oriental Region. We discovered the lost holotype, which fit morphologically with European Merodon females of the M. albifasciatus species complex confirmed here and that occurs in the Palaearctic region. An integrative approach to the taxonomy of M. albifasciatus based on morphological and molecular evidences revealed the existence of two additional closely-related species in the Eastern Mediterranean area, M. luteofasciatus Vujić, Radenković & Ståhls sp. nov. and M. neofasciatus Ståhls & Vujić sp. nov.. The females of these three species can only be separated by molecular and distributional data. With the aim of stabilising species concepts within the complex, the taxon distributed in mainland Greece, including the Peloponnese was associated to the old female holotype of M. albifasciatus. The identity of Merodon fractipes Paramonov, described from Rhodes Island (Greece) as subspecies of M. geniculatus Strobl in Czerny & Strobl, could not be resolved as the type specimen is lost. Thus the name M. fractipes is suppressed as nomen dubium. We discuss the distribution of the species of M. albifasciatus complex, identify host plants of M. neofasciatus, and provide an identification key to males of Eastern Mediterranean species of Merodon geniculatus group.



  1. Ačanski, J., Vujić, A., Djan, M., Vidaković, D.O., Ståhls, G. & Radenković, S. (2016) Defining species boundaries in the Merodon avidus complex (Diptera, Syrphidae) using integrative taxonomy, with the description of a new species. European Journal of Taxonomy, 237, 1–25.

    Alford, D.V. (2012) Pests of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs and Flowers: A Colour Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 480 pp.

    Andrić, A., Šikoparija, B., Obreht, D., Djan, M., Preradović, J., Radenković, S., Pérez-Bañón, C. & Vujić, A. (2014) DNA barcoding applied: identifying the larva of Merodon avidus (Diptera: Syrphidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 54 (2), 741–757.

    Barkemeyer, W. (1994) Untersuchung zum Vorkommen der Schwebfliegen in Niedersachsen und Bremen (Diptera: Syrphidae). Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege in Niedersachsen, 31, 1–514.

    Brunetti, E. (1923) The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Taylor and Francis, London, 424 pp.

    Carter, K. (2007) Amaryllis belladonna (Brunsvigia rosea) and Hippeastrum hybrids. University of California Cooperative Extension Central Coast & South Region Center for Landscape and Urban Horticulture, Half Moon Bay, CA, USA. Available from: (accessed 15 December 2016)

    Crosskey, R.W. (1971) The type material of Australasian, Oriental and Ethiopian Tachinidae (Diptera) described by Macquart and Bigot. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, 25, 253–305.

    De Bruyn, M.H. (1997) Micropropagation of amaryllis (Hippeastrum hybridum). In: Bajaj, Y.P.S. (Ed.), High-Tech and Micropropagation. VI. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 3–13.

    Dutilh, J.A.H. (2005) Ornamental bulbous plants of Brazil. Acta Horticulturae, 683, 37–42.

    Euro+Med Plantbase (2006) The information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (2006-). Available from: (accessed 19 June 2016)

    Fattorini, S. (2002) Biogeography of the tenebrionid beetles (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) on the Aegean islands (Greece). Journal of Biogeography, 29, 49–67.

    Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3 (5), 294–299.

    Gage, E., Wilkin, P., Chase, M.W. & Hawkins, J. (2011) Phylogenetic systematics of Sternbergia (Amaryllidaceae) based on plastid and ITS sequence data. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 166 (2), 149–162.

    Goloboff, P. (1999) NONA. Version 2.0. Program and documentation. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, Argentina. Available from: (accessed 12 May 2016)

    Haarto, A. & Ståhls, G. (2014) When mtDNA COI is misleading: congruent signal of ITS2 molecular marker and morphology for North European Melanostoma Schiner, 1860 (Diptera, Syrphidae). ZooKeys, 431, 93–134.

    Kamenetsky, R. (2005) Production of flower bulbs in regions with warm climates. Acta Horticulturae, 673, 59–66.

    Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum. Vol. 1. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 425 pp.

    Macquart, P.J.M. (1842) Dipteres exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Mémoires de la Société des sciences, de l'agriculture et des arts de Lille, 2 (2), 65–200.

    Marcos-García, M.A., Vujić, A. & Mengual, X. (2007) Revision of Iberian species of the genus Merodon (Diptera: Syrphidae). European Journal of Entomology, 104, 531–572.

    Marcos-García, M.A., Vujić, A., Ricarte, A. & Ståhls, G. (2011) Towards an integrated taxonomy of the Merodon equestris species complex (Diptera: Syrphidae) including description of a new species, with additional data on Iberian Merodon. Canadian Entomologist, 143 (4), 332–348.

    Martínez-Azorín, M. & Crespo, M.B. (2016) (48) Request for a binding decision on whether Scilla L. (Hyacinthaceae subfam. Hyacinthoideae) and Squilla Steinh. (Hyacinthaceae subfam. Urgineoideae) are sufficiently alike to be confused. Taxon, 65 (6), 1437–1438.

    McAlpine, J.F. (1981) Morphology and terminology-adults. In: McAlpine, J.F., Peterson, B.V., Shewell, G.E., Teskey, H.J., Vockeroth, J.R. & Wood, D.M. (Eds.), Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Monograph of the Biosystematics Research Institute. No. 27. Agriculture. Canada, Ottawa, pp. 9–63.

    Mengual, X., Ståhls, G., Vujić, A. & Marcos-García, M. (2006) Integrative taxonomy of Iberian Merodon species (Diptera, Syrphidae). Zootaxa, 1377, 1–26.

    Miller, M.A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. (2010) Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), New Orleans, LA, 2010, pp. 1–8.

    Nedeljković, Z., Ačanski, J., Vujić, A., Obreht, D., Djan, M., Ståhls, G. & Radenković, S. (2013) Taxonomy of Chrysotoxum festivum Linnaeus, 1758 (Diptera: Syrphidae)-an integrative approach. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 169, 84–102.

    Nedeljković, Z., Ačanski, J., Djan, M., Vidaković, D.O., Ricarte, A. & Vujić, A. (2015) An integrated approach to delimiting species borders in the genusChrysotoxum Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae), with description of two new species. Contributions to Zoology, 84, 285–304.

    Nixon, K.C. (2002) Winclada, Version 1.00.08. Program and documentation. Published by the author, Ithaca, NY, USA. Available from: (accessed 26 June 2016).

    Pape, T. & Thompson, F.C. (2013) Systema Dipterorum. Version 1.5. Available from: (accessed 7 June 2016)

    Paramonov, S.J. (1936) Матерыали до монографп роду Lampetia (Merodon olim) (Diptera, Syrphidae) (Beitrage zur Monographie der Gattung Lampetia (Merodon olim). Syrphidae, Diptera). Збірка наукових праць Зоологічному музей та Институт зоологй и біологй АН УРСР, 17, 3–13. [in Ukranian, with German summary]

    Parks, D.H., Mankowski, T., Zangooei, S., Porter, M.S., Armanini, D.G., Baird, D.J., Langille, M.G.I. & Beiko, R.G. (2013) GenGIS 2: Geospatial analysis of traditional and genetic biodiversity, with new gradient algorithms and an extensible plugin framework. PLoS One, 8 (7), e69885.

    Popović, D., Ačanski, J., Djan, M., Obreht, D., Vujić, A. & Radenković, S. (2015) Sibling species delimitation and nomenclature in the Merodon avidus complex (Diptera: Syrphidae). European journal of Entomology, 112 (4), 790–809.

    Raj, S.K., Snehi, S.K., Kumar, S. & Khan, M.S. (2009) First molecular detection and identification of a potyvirus associated with severe mosaic disease of amaryllis (Hippeastrum hybridum Hort.) in India. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 4 (1), 50–53.

    Ricarte, A., Marcos-García, M.A. (2008) Los sírfidos (Diptera: Syrphidae) del Parque Nacional de Cabañeros (España). Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología, 32 (1–2), 9–32.

    Ricarte, A., Marcos-García, M.A. & Rotheray, G.E. (2008) The early stages and life histories of three Eumerus and two Merodon species (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Mediterranean region. Entomologica Fennica, 19 (2), 129–141.

    Sack, P. (1913) Die Gattung Merodon Meigen (Lampetia Meig. olim). Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 31 (4), 427–462.

    Sandler-Ziv, D., Cohen, A., Ion, A., Efron, H. & Amit, D. (1997) A two-year production cycle of israeli-grown Hippeastrum bulbs from bulb chipping to christmas flowering. Acta Horticulturae, 430, 361–368.

    Sealy, J.R. (1939) Amaryllis and Hippeastrum. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), 2, 49–68.

    Silberbush, M., Ephrath, J.E., Alekperov, C. & Ben-Asher, J. (2003) Nitrogen and potassium fertilization interactions with carbon dioxide enrichment in Hippeastrum bulb growth. Scientia horticulturae, 98 (1), 85–90.

    Speight, M.C.D. (2016) Species accounts of European Syrphidae, 2016. Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, Syrph the Net publications, Dublin, 69, 1−288.

    Ståhls, G., Vujić, A., Pérez-Bañón, C., Radenković, S., Rojo, S. & Petanidou, T. (2009) COI barcodes for identification of Merodon hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) of Lesvos Island, Greece. Molecular ecology resources, 9, 1431–1438.

    Ståhls, G., Vujić, A., Petanidou, T., Cardoso, P., Radenković, S., Ačanski, J., Pérez-Bañón, C. & Rojo, S. (2016) Phylogeographic patterns of Merodon hoverflies in the Eastern Mediterranean region: revealing connections and barriers. Ecology and Evolution, 6 (7), 2226–2245.

    Stamatakis, A. (2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics, 30 (9), 1312–1313.

    Šašić, Lj., Ačanski, J., Vujić, A., Ståhls, G., Radenković, S., Milić, D., Vidaković, D.O. & Djan, M. (2016) Molecular and morphological inference of three cryptic species within the Merodon aureus species group (Diptera: Syrphidae). PLoS One, 11 (8), e0160001.

    Van Eck, A. (2016) Hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) new to the fauna of mainland Portugal, with an updated hoverfly checklist. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.), 59, 187–203.

    Veatch-Blohm, M.E., Chen, D. & Hassett, M. (2013) Narcissus cultivar differences in response to saline irrigation when application began either pre-or postemergence. HortScience, 48 (3), 322–329.

    Vujić, A., Šimić, S. & Radenković, S. (1995) Merodon desuturinus, a new hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the mountain Kopaonik (Serbia). Ekologija, 30 (1–2), 65–70.

    Vujić, A., Radenković, S. & Šimić, S. (1996) Merodon albonigrum, a new European species related to Merodon geniculatus Strobl 1909 (Diptera: Syrphidae). Dipterist’s Digest, 2, 72–79.

    Vujić, A., Pérez-Bañón, C., Radenković, S., Ståhls, G., Rojo, S., Petanidou, T. & Šimić, S. (2007) Two new species of genus Merodon Meigen, 1803 (Syrphidae, Diptera) from the island of Lesvos (Greece), in the eastern Mediterranean. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 43 (3), 319–326.

    Vujić, A., Marcos-García, M.A., Sarıbıyık, S. & Ricarte, A. (2011) New data for the Merodon Meigen 1803 fauna (Diptera: Syrphidae) of Turkey including a new species description and status changes in several taxa. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 47 (1–2), 78–88.

    Vujić, A., Radenković, S., Ståhls, G., Ačanski, J., Stefanović, A., Veselić, S., Andrić, A. & Hayat, R. (2012) Systematics and taxonomy of the ruficornis group of genus Merodon Meigen (Diptera: Syrphidae). Systematic Entomology, 37 (3), 578–602.

    Vujić, A., Ståhls, G., Ačanski, J., Bartsch, H., Bygebjerg, R. & Stefanović, A. (2013a) Systematics of Pipizini and taxonomy of European Pipiza Fallén: Molecular and morphological evidence (Diptera, Syrphidae). Zoologica Scripta, 42, 288–305.

    Vujić, A., Radenković, S., Likov, L., Trifunov, S. & Nikolić, T. (2013b) Three new species of the Merodon nigritarsis group (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Middle East. Zootaxa, 3640 (3), 442–464.

    Vujić, A., Radenković, S., Ačanski, J., Grković, A., Taylor, M., Senol, G.S. & Hayat, R. (2015) Revision of the species of the Merodon nanus group (Diptera: Syrphidae) including three new species. Zootaxa, 4006 (3), 439–462.

    Vujić, A., Petanidou, T., Tscheulin, T., Cardoso, P., Radenković, S., Ståhls, G., Baturan, Ž., Mijatović, G., Rojo, S., Pérez-Bañón, C., Devalez, J., Andrić, A., Jovičić, S., Krašić, D., Markov, Z., Radišić, D. & Tataris, G. (2016) Biogeographical patterns of the genus Merodon Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae) in islands of the eastern Mediterranean and adjacent mainlands. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 9 (3), 181–191.