Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2017-11-07

Redescription and designation of a neotype for Ophiothrix angulata (Say, 1825 (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiotrichidae)

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil.  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Diversidade Animal, Instituto de Biologia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil.   Laboratório de Geoecologia de Sedimentos Marinhos, Instituto de Biologia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil. 
Laboratório de Invertebrados Marinhos, Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, UFS, Itabaiana, SE, 49500-000, Brazil. 
Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil. 
Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil.  Laboratório de Geoecologia de Sedimentos Marinhos, Instituto de Biologia, UFBA, Salvador, BA 40170–115, Brazil. 
Echinodermata Brittle stars morphology type-species taxonomy

Abstract

Ophiotrichidae Ljungman, 1867 comprises brittle stars diagnosed by the absence of oral papillae and presence of a cluster of dental papillae covering at least half the height of the dental plate. Ophiothrix Müller & Troschel, 1840 is the largest genus in the family and is composed of many species with a highly variable morphology. Ophiothrix angulata is one species with descriptions showing morphological variation in many of the diagnostic characters stated by Say (1825) in the original description. Say’s (1825) type material and specimens studied by him could be located. Thus, in order to elucidate the taxonomic identity of O. angulata and following Article 75 of the International Code for Zoological Nomenclature, here we propose the neotype designation of O. angulata based on topotype specimens from South Carolina, United States. A discussion of the records of O. angulata from the Atlantic Ocean is included. Taxonomic comments on the genus Ophiothrix are also provided.

 

References

  1. Albuquerque, M.N. & Guille, A. (1991) Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) ao largo do Brasil: Banco dos Abrolhos, Cadeia Submarina Vitória-Trindade e plataforma continental adjacente. Boletim do Museu Nacional, Nova Série, 353, 1–30.

    Alvarado, J.J. (2011) Echinoderm diversity in the Caribbean Sea. Marine Biodiversity, 41, 261–285.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-010-0053-0

    Alves, O.F.S. & Cerqueira, W.R.P. (2000) Echinodermata das praias de Salvador (Bahia, Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 17 (2), 543–553.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0101-81752000000200024

    Ayres, W.O. (1854) Descriptions of two new species of Ophiuridae. Proceedings Boston Society Natural History, 4, 248–250.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.25195

    Baric, S. & Sturmbauer, C. (1999) Ecological Parallelism and Cryptic Species in the Genus Ophiothrix derived from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 13 (1), 157–162.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1998.055

    Barboza, C.A.M. & Borges, M. (2012) Checklist of the extant species of ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from Brazilian waters. Zootaxa, 3447, 1–21.

    Benavides-Serrato, M., Borrero-Perez, G.H. & Dias-Sanchez, C.M. (2011) Equinodermos del Caribe colombiano I: Crinoidea, Asteroidea y Ophiuroidea. Serie de Publicaciones Especiales de Invemar, Santa Marta, Colombia, 22, 384 pp.

    Boffi, E. (1969) Sobre ofiuróides de algas. Ciência e Cultura, 21 (2), 450.

    Borges, M., Monteiro, A.M.G. & Amaral, A.C.Z. (2002) Taxonomy of Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from the continental shelf and slope of the southern and southeastern Brazilian coast. Biota Neotropica, 2 (2), 1–69.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032002000200010

    Borges, M. (2005) Taxonomia, distribuição e biologia reprodutiva de Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) das Regiões Sudeste e Sul do Brasil. Phd thesis, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Biociências-Zoologia, São Paulo, 143 pp.

    Borrero-Perez, G.H., Benavides-Serrato, M., Solano, O. & Navas, G.R. (2008) Brittle-stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the continental shelf and upper slope of the Colombian Caribbean. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 56, 169–204.

    Capítoli, R.R. & Benvenuti, C. (2004) Distribuição batimétrica e variações de diversidade dos macroinvertebrados bentônicos da plataforma continental e talude superior no extremo sul do Brasil. Atlântica, 26 (1), 27–43.

    Clark, A.M. (1966) Notes on the family Ophiotrichidae (Ophiuroidea). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 13 (9), 637–655.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222936608651676

    Clark, H.L. (1915) A catalogue of Recent ophiurans: Based on the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Memoirs of the Museum Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 25 (4), 163–376.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.48598

    Clark, H.L. (1918) Brittle-Stars, New and Old. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative of Zoology at Harvard College, 62 (6), 1–107.

    Clark, H.L. (1938) Echinoderms from Australia, an account of collections made in 1929 and 1932. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 55, 1–597.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.49349

    Clark, H.L. (1946) The echinoderm fauna of Australia. Its composition and its origin. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication, 566, 1–567.

    Delle Chiaje, S. (1828) Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del regno di Napoli. Napoli: Società
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10021

    Devaney, D.M. (1974) Shallow-water echinoderms from British-Honduras, with a description of a new species of Ophiocoma (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 24, 122–164.

    Duncan, P.M. (1879) On some Ophiuroidea from the Korean Seas. Journal of the Linnean Society, 14 (77), 445–482.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1879.tb02443.x

    Duran-Gonzalez, A., Laguarda-Figueras, A., Solis-Marin, F.A., Sanchez, B.E.B., Ahearn, C.G. & Torres-Vega, J. (2005) Echinoderms (Echinodermata) from the Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 53, 53–68.

    Fell, H.B. (1960) Synoptic keys to the genera of Ophiuroidea. Zoology Publications from Victoria of Wellington, 24, 1–44.

    Forbes, E (1939) On the Asteriadae of the Irish Sea. Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, 8, 1–114.

    Gondim, A.I., Alonso, C., Dias, T.L.P., Manso, C.L.C. & Christoffersen, M.L. (2013) A taxonomic guide to the brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the State of Paraiba continental shelf, Northeastern Brazil. ZooKeys, 307, 45–96.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.307.4673

    Guille, A. & Albuquerque, M.N. (1987) Les echinoderms duplateau continental et des seamounts MD 55 / Brésil à borddu “Marion Dufresne”. Technical Report, Instaprint, La Riche, 5 pp. [pp. 146–150]

    Gray, J.E. (1840) A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias Linnaeus). Annals of the Magazine of Natural History, 6/36, 175–184.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03745484009443296

    Hansson, H.G. (2001) Echinodermata. In: Costello, M.J., Emblow, C. & White, R. (Eds.), European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Vol. 50. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, pp. 336–351.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2002.034

    Hendler, G. (1984) The Association of Ophiothrix lineata and Callyspongia vaginalis: A Brittlestar-Sponge Cleaning Symbiosis? Marine Ecology, 5 (1), 9–27.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.1984.tb00304.x

    Hendler, G. (1995) New species of brittle stars from the western Atlantic, Ophionereis vittata, Amphioplus sepultus, and Ophiostigma siva, and the designation of a neotype for Ophiostigma isocanthum (Say) (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Contributions in Science, 458, 1–19.

    Hendler, G. (2005) Two new brittle star species of the genus Ophiothrix (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiotrichidae) from coral reefs in the southern Caribbean Sea, with notes on their biology. Caribbean Journal of Science, 41, 583–599.

    Hendler, G. (2011) New light on the nomenclature, taxonomy, and biology of Hemipholis species (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiactidae). Zootaxa, 3048, 44–52.

    Hendler, G., Miller, J.E., Pawson, D.L. & Kier, P.M. (1995) Sea stars, sea urchins and allies: echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 391 pp.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400031568

    Hernández-Herrejón, L.A., Solis-Marín, F.A. & Laguarda-Figueiras, A. (2008) Ofiuroideos (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) de las aguas mexicanas del golfo de México. Revista Biologia Tropical, 56, 83–167.

    Hoggett, A.K. (1991) The Genus Macrophiothrix (Ophiuroidea: Ophiotrichidae) in Australian Waters. Invertebrates Taxonomics, 4, 1077–1146.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IT9901077

    ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, xx + 365 pp.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.50608

    Ives, J.E. (1889) Catalogue of the Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 41, 169–179.

    Jacobucci, G.B., Guth, A.Z., Turra, A., Magalhães, C.A., Denadai, M.R., Chaves, A.M.R. & Souza, E.C.F. (2006) Levantamento de Mollusca, Crustacea e Echinodermata associados a Sargassum spp. na Ilha da Queimada Pequena, Estação Ecológica dos Tupiniquins, litoral sul do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, 6, 1–8.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S167606032006000200023

    Koëhler, R. (1914) A contribution to the study of Ophiurans of the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 84, 1–173.
    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27414

    Laguarda-Figueras, A., Hernández-Herrejon, L.A., Solís-Marín, F.A. & Durán-González, A. (2009) Ofiuroideos del Caribe Mexicano y Golfo de México. Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, México, 248 pp.

    Le Conte, J.L. (1851) Zoological Notes. Proceedings of the Society of Natural History Philadelphia, 5, 316–319.

    Lima, E.J.B. & Fernandes, M.L.B. (2009) Diversidade de equinodermos (Echinodermata) no Estado de Pernambuco (Brasil). Revista Brasileira de Zoociências, 11 (1), 55–63.

    Lima, M.L.F., Correia, M.D., Sovierzoski, H.H. & Manso, C.L.C. (2011) New records of Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from shallow waters off Maceió, State of Alagoas, Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records, 4, e97.
    http://dx.doi.org/110.1017/S175526721100090X

    Lima-Verde, J.S. (1969) Primeira contribuição ao inventário dos equinodermas do Nordeste brasileiro. Arquivos de Ciências do Mar, 9 (1), 9–13.

    Ludwig, H. (1882) Verzeichnis der von Prof. E. van Beneden an der Küste von Brazilien gesammelten Echinodermen. Mémoires des concours et des savants étrangers / Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique, 44 (20), 1–26.

    Lütken, C.F. (1856) Bidrag til kundskab om Slangestjernerne. II. Oversigt over de vestindiske Ophiurer. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Förening i Kjøbenhavn, 7, 1–19.

    Ljungman, A. (1867) Ophiuroidea viventia huc usque cognita enumerat. Öfversigt af Kgl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1866, 23 (9), 303–336.

    Lyman, T. (1860) Descriptions of new Ophiuridae, belonging to the Smithsonian Institution and to the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 1859–61, 7, 252–262.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.4822

    Lyman, T. (1865) Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae. Illustrated Catalogue of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard Colleague. I. University Press: Welch, Bigelow, & co., Cambridge, 199 pp.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.40077

    Lyman, T. (1882) Report on the Ophiuroidea. Report of the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger 1873–76. Zoology, 5, 386 pp.

    Magalhães, W.F., Martins, L.R. & Alves, O.F.S. (2005) Inventário dos Echinodermata do Estado da Bahia. Brazilian Journal of Aquatic Sciences and Technology, 9 (1), 61–65.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.14210/bjast.v9n1

    Majer, A.P. (2008) Ecologia de ofiuróides associados a microhabitats biológicos. Phd thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Campinas, 123 pp.

    Manso, C.L.C., Alves, O.F.S. & Martins, L.R. (2008) Echinodermata da Baía de Todos os Santos e da Baía de Aratú (Bahia, Brasil). Biota Neotropica, 8 (3), 179–196.
    https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032008000300017

    Matsumoto, H. (1917) A monograph of Japanese Ophiuroidea, arranged according to a new classification. Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, 38, 1–408.

    Morgado, E.H. & Tanaka, M.O. (2001) The macrofauna associated with the bryozoan Schizoporella errata (Walters) in Southeastern Brazil. Scientia Marina, 65 (3), 173–181.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2001.65n3173

    Müller, O.F. (1789) Zoologia Danica seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae rariorum ac minus notorum descriptiones et historia. Volumen Tertium. N. Möller, Havniae [Copenhague], 2 + 71, pp., pls. 81–120.

    Müller, J. & Troschel, F.H. (1840) Ueber die Gattungen dor Ophiuren. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 6 (1), 327–330.

    Nalesso, R.C., Duarte, L.F.L., Pierozzi, I. & Enumo, E.F. (1995) Tube epifauna of the polychaete Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparede. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 41, 91–100.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ecss.1995.0055

    Neves, B.M., Lima, E.J.B. & Pérez, C.D. (2007) Brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) associated with the octocoral Carijoa riisei (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from the litoral of Pernambuco, Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87, 1263–1267.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315407056263

    Nunes, T.B. (1975) Echinoderma da Baía de Aratu (Bahia, Brasil). Memories of the second Latin American Symposium of Oceanographic Biology, Universidad de Oriente, Cumana, Venezuela, 189 pp.

    Oliveira, J.P., Oliveira, J. & Manso, C.L.C. (2010) Inventário da coleção de equinodermos do LABIMAR, Campus Profº. Alberto Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Sergipe. Scientia Plena, 6 (12), 1–14.

    Paim, F.G., Guerrazzi, M.C. & Borges, M. (2015) Descriptive and illustrated diagnosis of Ophiuroidea fauna (Echinodermata) in the shallow waters of North-eastern Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records, 8, e86.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267215000652

    Pennant, T. (1777) British Zoology. Vol. 4. 4th Edition. Printed by William Eyres, for Benjamin White, London 36 + 154 pp., tab 24, fig 24.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62481

    Pérez-Portela, R., Almada, V. & Turon, X. (2012) Cryptic speciation and genetic structure of widely distributed brittle stars (Ophiuroidea) in Europe. Zoologica Scripta, 42 (2), 151–169.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00573.x

    Risso, A. (1826) Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Vol. 5. Chez F.-G. Levrault, libraire, Paris, 403 pp.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.58984

    Say, T. (1825) On the species of the Linnean genus Asterias, inhabiting the coast of the United States. Journal of the Natura Sciences of Philadelphia, 5, 145–146.

    Solís-Marín, F.A., Honey-Escandón, M.B.I., Herrero-Perezrul, M.D., Benitez-Villalobos, F., Díaz-Martínez, J.P., Buitrón-Sánchez, B.E., Palleiro-Nayar, J.S. & Durán-González, A. (2013) The Echinoderms of Mexico: Biodiversity, Distribution and Current State of Knowledge. In: Alvarado, J.J. & Solís-Marín, F.A. (Eds.), Echinoderm Research and Diversity in Latin America, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 11–65.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20051-9_9.

    Spamer, E.E. & Bogan, A.E. (1992) General Invertebrates Collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Tryonia, Philadelphia, 305 pp.

    Stöhr, S. & Hansson, H. (2017) World Ophiuroidea database. Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/Ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123626 (accessed 15 August 2017)

    Stöhr, S., O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (2012) Global Diversity of Brittle Stars (Ophiuroidea: Echinodermata). PLos One, 7 (3), e31940.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/journal.pone.0031940

    Stöhr, S., O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (2016) World Ophiuroidea database. Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/Ophiuroidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123626 (accessed 12 December 2016)

    Tommasi, L.R. & Aron, M.A. (1987) Equinodermes dos Bancos Submarinos da Cadeia de Montanhas Vitória-Trindade. Relatório Interno do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo, 18, 1–9.

    Tommasi, L.R. (1970) Os ofiuróides recentes do Brasil e de regiões vizinhas. Contribuições Avulsas do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo, Série Oceanografia Biológica, 20, 1–146.

    Tommasi, L.R. (1971) Equinodermes do Brasil. I. Sobre algumas espécies novas e outras pouco conhecidas, para o Brasil. Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo, 20, 1–21.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0373-55241971000100001

    Verrill, A.E. (1899) North American Ophiuroidea. Part I. Revision of certain families and genera of West Indian ophiurans. Part. II. A faunal catalogue of the known species of the West Indian ophiurans. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10, 301–386.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.7032

    Viana, F.S. (2010) Taxonomia das Famílias Ophiotrichidae, Ophiocomidae e Ophionereididae (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) presentes na região entre Salvador/BA (13ºS) e o Cabo de São Tomé/RJ (22ºS). Master Dissertation, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional, 53 pp.

    Xavier, L.A.R. (2010) Inventário dos equinodermos do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Brazillian Journal of Aquatic Science and Technology, 14 (2), 73–78.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.14210/bjast