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Article
Published: 2017-10-31

Revision of the horseface loaches (Cobitidae, Acantopsis), with descriptions of three new species from Southeast Asia

Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, USA.
Faculty of Agro-Industrial Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology, Tawan-Ok Chanthaburi Campus, Chanthaburi Thailand
Suphan Buri Inland Fisheries Research and Development Center, Mueang District, Suphan Buri 72000 Thailand
Independent Researcher, Bangkok, Thailand
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, Ubonrajathanee University, Thailand
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100 Thailand
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, USA.
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, USA.
Inland Fisheries Research and Development Division, Department of Fisheries, Kasetklang, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900 Thailand
Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611, USA.
Pisces Thailand Cambodia Malaysia Myanmar Cypriniformes Cobitoidea

Abstract

Acantopsis (Cobitidae) is revised based on analysis of morphological and molecular data. Four of the six available names, A. dialuzona, A. spectabilis, A. octoactinotos, and A. thiemmedhi, are valid, and three new species, A. rungthipae, A. dinema, and A. ioa, are described. All species are described morphologically, distributions are mapped, and relationships are discussed for those for which molecular data (CO1, RAG1) are available. Labial barbels, color pattern, and meristic counts are the most diagnostic features. Although the long snout of Acantopsis is perhaps the most emblematic attribute of the genus, its relative length increases with growth, reducing its taxonomic value. Species can be difficult to identify on the basis of color pattern alone, as habitat and preservation methods appear to strongly influence the color pattern. Despite interspecific overlap of some highly variable traits, each species has a unique set of morphological characteristics that remain observable even when the color pattern is obscured, and some species are restricted to single drainages, greatly simplifying identification. The phylogenetic analyses revealed high molecular divergence between even the most morphologically similar species, with mean uncorrected CO1 p-distances between species ranging from 12.1-15.4%. Species of Acantopsis exhibit significant genetic structuring consistent with recognized freshwater ecoregions. Acanthopsis lachnostoma Rutter 1897, from Swatow, China, is not assignable to Acantopsis.

 

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