A new species of Murina of the suilla-type is described from the Hkakabo Razi Landscape, Kachin, Upper Myanmar, an area that is currently being nominated as a World Heritage Site. The new species is a small vespertilionid, with a forearm length of 29.6 mm, and is very similar to M. kontumensis, which was recently described from Vietnam. However, it is distinguishable by a combination of external and craniodental morphology and genetics. The DNA Barcode reveals that the new species clusters sisterly to M. kontumensis but with a genetic distance of 11.5%. A single known specimen of the new species was collected from a lowland forest area in the plains of the Hkakabo Razi landscape, south-eastern Himalaya. Additional information on ecology, echolocation, and conservation are included. The high cryptic diversity of the genus Murina in Southeast Asia, as well as the Hkakabo Razi Landscape being a bat diversity hotspot, is highlighted.
Bates, P.J.J., Tin, N., Pearch, M.J., Swe, K.M. Bu, S.S.H. & Thanda, T. (2000) A review of bat research in Myanmar (Burma) and results of a recent survey. Acta Chiropterologica, 2, 53–82.
Eger, J.L. & Lim, B.K. (2011) Three new species of Murina from Southern China (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Acta Chiropterologica, 13, 227–243.
Hill, J.E. (1962) Notes on some insectivores and bats from Upper Burma. Proceeding of the Zoological Society of London, 139, 119–137.
Kruskop, S.V. & Eger, J.L. (2008) A new species of tube-nosed bat Murina (Vespertilionidae, Chiroptera) from Vietnam. Acta Chiropterologica, 10, 213–220.
Kuo, H.-C., Fang, Y.-P., Csorba, G. & Lee, L.-L. (2006) The definition of Harpiola (Vespertilionidae: Murininae) and the description of a new species from Taiwan. Acta Chiropterologica, 8, 11–19.
Kuo, H.-C., Soisook, P., Ho, Y.-Y., Csorba, G., Wang, C.-N. & Rossiter, S.J. (2017) A taxonomic revision of the Kerivoula hardwickii complex (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) with the description of a new species. Acta Chiropterologica, 19, 19–39.
Rabinowitz, A. & Khaing, S.T. (1998) Status of selected mammal species in North Myanmar. Oryx, 32, 201–208.
Rabinowitz, A., Than Myint, Saw Tun Khaing & Rabinowitz, S. (1999) Description of the leaf deer (Muntiacus putaoensis), a new species of muntjac from northern Myanmar. Journal of the Zoological Society of London, 249, 427–435.
Rao, M., Htun, S., Zaw, H. & Myint, T. (2011) Hunting for a living: Wildlife trade, rural livelihoods and declining wildlife in the Hkakaborazi National Park, North Myanmar. Environmental Management, 48, 158–16.
Renner, S.C. (2011) Bird species-richness pattern in the greater Himalayan Mountain – a general introduction. Ornithological Monograph, 70, 1–9.
Ronquist, F., Teslenko, M., Van Deer Mark, P., Ayers, D.L., Darling, A., Hohna, S., Larget, B., Liu, L., Suchard, M.A. & Huesenbeck, J.P. (2012) MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology, 61, 539–542.
Soisook, P., Karapan, S., Satasook, C. & Bates, P.J.J. (2013) A new species of Murina (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from peninsular Thailand. Zootaxa, 3746 (4), 567–579.
Soisook, P., Karapan, S., Srikrachang, M., Dejtaradol, A., Nualcharoen, K., Bumrungsri, S., Sai Sein Lin Oo, Moe Moe Aung, Bates, P.J.J., Harytyunyan, M., Bus, M.M. & Bogdanowicz, W. (2016) Hill forest dweller: a new cryptic species of Rhinolophus in the ‘pusillus group’ (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) from Thailand and Lao PDR. Acta Chiropterologica, 18, 117–139.
Son, N.T., Csorba, G., Tu, V.T., Thong, V.D., Wu, Y., Harada, M., Oshida, T., Endo, H. & Motokawa, M. (2015) A new species of the genus Murina (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from the Central Highlands of Vietnam with a review of the subfamily Murininae in Vietnam. Acta Chiropterologica, 17, 201–23.
Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30, 2725–2729.