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Article
Published: 2017-09-11

Disparrhopalites naasaveqw n. sp. from caves at Wupatki National Monument, Arizona, synonymy of Dietersminthurus Palacios-Vargas, Cuéllar & Vázquez, 1998 with Disparrhopalites Stach, 1956 and composition of Songhaicinae
(Collembola: Sminthuridae)

The University of Tennessee, Entomology & Plant Pathology, 2505 E.J. Chapman Drive, 370 Plant Biotechnology, Knoxville, TN 37996-4560, USA.
Department of Biological Sciences, Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research, Northern Arizona University, Box 5640, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
Collembola cave-restricted climate change key taxonomy

Abstract

Disparrhopalites naasaveqw n. sp. is described from a cave at Wupatki National Monument, Arizona. It differs from D. patrizii (Cassagnau & Delamare Deboutteville, 1953) in having pigment and a well-developed ungual cavity, and from D. tergestinus Fanciulli, Colla & Dallai, 2005 by having pigment, 8+8 eyes and a well-developed ungual tunica. Dietersminthurus enkerlinius Palacios-Vargas, Cuéllar & Vázquez, 1998 is transferred to Disparrhopalites Stach, 1956 as D. enkerlinius (Palacios-Vargas, Cuéllar & Vázquez, 1998) n. comb. The sminthurid subfamily Songhaicinae Sánchez-García & Engel, 2016 (type genus Songhaica Lasebikan, Betsch & Dallai, 1980) is redefined and the genera Disparrhopalites, Gisinurus Dallai, 1970, Soqotrasminthurus Bretfeld, 2005 and Varelasminthurus Da Silva, Palacios-Vargas & Bellini, 2015 are transferred to this subfamily. A key is provided for separation of included genera. Effects of climate change on presumed cases of cave restriction in the American Southwest are discussed.

 

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How to Cite

BERNARD, E. C., & WYNNE, J. J. (2017). <em>Disparrhopalites</em> <em>naasaveqw</em> n. sp. from caves at Wupatki National Monument, Arizona, synonymy of <em>Dietersminthurus</em> Palacios-Vargas, Cuéllar &amp; Vázquez, 1998 with Disparrhopalites Stach, 1956 and composition of Songhaicinae (Collembola: Sminthuridae). Zootaxa, 4319(1), 77–90. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4319.1.4