Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2017-09-11

New Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae) of North America. Part IV. Genera Eugnoriste Coquillett and Keilbachia Mohrig

Werner Mohrig, Puddemin 6, 18754 Poseritz/Rügen, Germany.
Ellen Kauschke, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Institute of Zoology, Stephanstrasse 24, 35390 Giessen, Germany.
Diptera new species identification key Nearctic region USA Canada

Abstract

In the Nearctic region the genus Eugnoriste includes 7 species currently. Four of them are new to science. These are Eugnoriste brachycostalis sp. n., Eug. florea sp. n., Eug. hirsuta sp. n. and Eug. ptilosis sp. n. The male of Eug. brevirostris Coquillett, which has been unknown until now, was identified and described herein. Moreover, an additional description and figures were given for Eug. occidentalis Coquillett. Eugnoriste villosoabdominalis Mohrig is reported as new for North America. The genus Keilbachia includes three species in the Nearctic region presently. Two of them are new to science. These are Keilbachia americana sp. n. and K. semiacuta sp. n.

        All species presented here were diagnosed, keyed and illustrated by figures as well as data of their distribution provided.

 

References

  1. Coquillett, D.W. (1886) A new dipterous genus related to Gnoriste. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 3 (5), 321–322.

    Coquillett, D.W. (1904) New North American Diptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 6 (3), 166–192.

    Enderlein, G. (1911) Die phyletischen Beziehungen der Lyccoriiden (Sciariden) zu den Fungivoriden (Mycetophiliden) und Itonididen (Cecidomyiiden) und ihre systematische Gliederung. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 77 (1), Supplement 3, 116–201.

    Edwards, F.W. (1934) New Neotropical Mycetophilidae (III) (Diptera). Revista de Entomologia, 4 (3), 354–372.

    Edwards, F.W. (1941) Mycetophiliden (Diptera) collected by the expedition Matto Grosso of the Brazilian Zoological Club, in June 1939. Revista de Entomologia, 12 (1–2), 303–314.

    Hippa H. & Vilkamaa, P. (2007a) The flagria group of Keilbachia Mohrig (Diptera, Sciaridae) in a biodiversity hot spot: nine new sympatric species from Kambaiti, Myamar. Zootaxa, 1556, 31–50.

    Hippa H. & Vilkamaa, P. (2007b) New species and records of Keilbachia Mohrig (Diptera, Sciaridae) from Oriental region. Zootaxa, 1622, 57–68.

    Johannsen, O.A. (1912) The fungus gnats of North America Part IV. Bulletin of the Marine Agricultural Experimental Station, 200, 57–146.

    https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.86614

    Menzel, F. & Martens, J. (1995) Die Sciaridae (Diptera, Nematocera) des Nepal-Himalaya. Teil I. Die blütenbesuchenden Trauermücken an Aronstabgewächsen der Gattung Arisaema (Araceae Juss.) Studia dipterologica, 2 (1), 97–129.

    Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (2000) Revision der paläarktischen Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae). Studia dipterologica, Suppl. 6 (1999), 1–761.

    Mohrig, W. (2003) Black fungus gnats of Central America. Part I. (Diptera, Sciaridae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 53 (1), 1–69.

    Mohrig, W. (2004) Die Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae) von Papua-Neuguinea. Teil II—Gattungen Scythropochroa, Cratyna, Pseudozygomma, Epidapus, Hyperlasion, Corynoptera, Keilbachia, Scatopsciara, Pelliciplanta gen. nov. und Pseudozygomma gen. nov. Studia dipterologica, 11 (1), 129–174.

    Mohrig, W. & Kauschke, E. (2016) New Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae) of North America. Part I. Genus Scatopsciara Edwards, 1927. Zootaxa, 4150 (4), 401–435.

    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4150.4.3

    Mohrig, W. & Martens, J. (1987) Sciaridae aus dem Nepal-Himalaya (Insecta: Diptera). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 93, 481–490.

    Mohrig, W., Röschmann F. & Rulik, B. (1999) New sciarid flies (Diptera, Sciaridae) from Nepal. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 46 (2), 189–201.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.4800460207

    Mohrig, W., Röschmann, F. & Rulik, B. (2004) The fauna of sciarid flies from the Dominican Republic (Diptera, Sciaridae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 54 (2), 267–331.

    Mohrig, W., Heller, K., Hippa, H., Vilkamaa, P. & Menzel, F. (2013) Revision of the Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of North America. Studia dipterologica, 19 (2012) (1/2), 141–286.

    Rudzinski, H.G. (2008) Beiträge zur Trauermückenfauna Taiwans. Teil V: Gattungen Dichopygina, Camptochaeta, Corynoptera und Keilbachia (Diptera Nematocera: Sciaridae). Entomofauna, 29 (23), 321–360.

    Rübsaamen, E.H. (1894) Die aussereuropäischen Trauermücken des Königl. Museums für Naturkunde zu Berlin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, 39 (1), 17–42.

    https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.18940390105

    Shin, S., Jung, S., Menzel, F., Heller, K., Lee, H. & Lee, S. (2013) Molecular phylogeny of black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaroidea: Sciaridae) and the evolution of larval habitats. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66 (3), 833–846.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.11.008

    Steffan, W.A. (1967) A new species of Eugnoriste from Africa (Sciaridae: Diptera). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, 76 (3–4), 292–294.

    Steffan, W.A. (1968) North American Sciaridae (Diptera). 1. A new species of Scatopsciara and lectotype designation of Eugnoriste occidentalis Coquillett. Pacific Insects, 10 (1), 37–41.

    Steffan, W.A. (1981) 15. Sciaridae. In: McAlpine, J.F., Peterson, B.V., Shewell, G.E., Teskey, J.J. Vockeroth, J.R. & Wood, D.M. (Eds.), Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Monograph 27. Research Branch Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, pp. 247–255.

    Vilkamaa, P., Komarova, L.A. & Hippa, H. (2006) The genus Keilbachia Mohrig (Diptera: Sciaridae) in a biodiversity hot spot: new sympatric species from Kambaiti, Burma. Zootaxa, 1123, 39–55.

    Vilkamaa, P., Menzel, F. & Hippa, H. (2009) Review of the genus Keilbachia Mohrig (Diptera: Sciaridae), with the description of eleven new species. Zootaxa, 2272, 1–20.

    Vilkamaa, P., Hippa, H. & Mohrig, W. (2011) The genus Keilbachia Mohrig (Diptera, Sciaridae) in New Caledonia, with the description of five new species. Zootaxa, 2771, 53–62.

    Zhang, S.J., Huang, J., Wu, H. & Wang, Y.P. (2010) The genus Keilbachia Mohrig from Mainland China, with descriptions of two new species (Diptera, Sciaridae). ZooKeys, 52, 47–56.

    https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.52.362

How to Cite

MOHRIG, W., & KAUSCHKE, E. (2017). New Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae) of North America. Part IV. Genera <em>Eugnoriste</em> Coquillett and <em>Keilbachia</em> Mohrig. Zootaxa, 4319(1), 53–76. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4319.1.3