Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2017-08-01

Aspidiotus bornmuelleri Lindinger, 1911, rev. comb. (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Diaspididae), a neglected endemic species from Macaronesia, with comments on the genus Cryptophyllaspis, and further notes on the scale insect fauna of Canary Islands, Spain

University of Padova, Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment–Entomology DAFNAE, viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy.
University of Bari Aldo Moro, Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (DiSSPA), via Amendola 165A, 70126 Bari, Italy.
Hemiptera Globularia salicina galls redescription Voraspis nerii Icerya seychellarum Bambusaspis miliaris


Cryptophyllaspis bornmuelleri (Lindinger) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), an endemic plant-galling species from the Canary Islands, has been re-collected in Tenerife. The galls induced by this species on Globularia salicina leaves and the diaspidid adult female are redescribed and illustrated. Detailed study of the species has resulted in the combination Aspidiotus bornmuelleri Lindinger being revived, with C. bornmuelleri sunk as a junior synonym. Its taxonomic history, and comments on the genus Cryptophyllaspis and the other species pertaining to it, are reported. Further data on the scale insect fauna of Canary Islands are also presented.



  1. Balachowsky, A.S. (1946) Étude biogéographique des Coccoidea des Iles Atlantides (Canaries et Madère). Mémoires de la Société Biogéographique, 8, 209–218.

    Balachowsky, A.S. (1948) Les cochenilles de France, d'Europe, du Nord de l'Afrique et du bassin Méditerranéen. IV. Monographie des Coccoidea, classification - Diaspidinae (Premiere partie). Entomologie Appliquée Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles, 1054, 243–394.

    Balachowsky, A.S. (1950) Les cochenilles de France, d'Europe, du Nord de l'Afrique et du bassin Méditerranéen. V. - Monographie des Coccoidea; Diaspidinae (Deuxième partie) Aspidiotini. Entomologique Appliquée Actualités Sciences et Industrielles, 1087, 397–557.

    Balachowsky, A.S. (1951) Les cochenilles de France, d'Europe, du Nord de l'Afrique et du bassin Méditerranéen. VI. - Monographie des Coccoidea; Diaspidinae (Troisième partie) Aspidiotini. Entomologie Appliquée Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles, 1127, 561–720.

    Balachowsky, A.S. (1954) Les cochenilles Paléarctiques de la tribu des Diaspidini. Memoires Scientifiques de l'Institut Pasteur, Paris, 450 pp.

    Balachowsky, A.S. (1968) Sur un Quadraspidiotus (Coccoidea-Aspidiotini) nouveau du centre de l'Ile de Teneriffe (Canaries). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, New Series, 4, 75–79.

    Ben-Dov, Y. & German, V. (2003) A Systematic Catalogue of the Diaspididae (Armoured Scale Insects) of the World, Subfamilies Aspidiotinae, Comstockiellinae and Odonaspidinae. Intercept, Andover, Hants, 1112 pp.

    Ben-Dov, Y. & Hodgson, C.J. (1997) Collecting and mounting. In: Ben-Dov, Y. & Hodgson, C.J. (Eds.), World Crop Pests. Soft Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Vol. 7A. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 389–395.

    Boisduval, J.B.A. (1869) Note sur deux espèces nouvelles de coccides vivant sur les bambous cultivés au jardin du Hamma. L'Insectologie Agricole, 3, 260–262.

    Borchsenius, N.S. (1966) A catalogue of the armoured scale insects (Diaspidoidea) of the World (in Russian). Nauka, Moscow & Leningrad, 449 pp.

    Bramwell, D. & Bramwell, Z. (2001) Wild Flowers of the Canary Islands. Editorial Rueda, Madrid, 261 pp.

    Carnero Hernandez, A. & Perez Guerra, G. (1986) Coccidos (Homoptera: Coccoidea) de las Islas Canarias. Communicaciones Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrarias. Protección Vegetal Serie, Madrid, 25, 1–85.

    Cockerell, T.D.A. (1897) The San Jose scale and its nearest allies. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology, Technical Series, 6, 1–31.

    Cockerell, T.D.A. (1899) Article VII. - First supplement to the check-list of the Coccidae. Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History, 5, 389–398.

    Cockerell, T.D.A. (1902) A new gall-making coccid. Canadian Entomologist, 34, 75.

    Danzig, E.M. & Pellizzari, G. (1998) Diaspididae. In: Kozár, F. (Ed.), Catalogue of Palaearctic Coccoidea. Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Budapest, Budapest, pp. 172–370.

    Fernald, M.E. (1903) A catalogue of the Coccidae of the world. Bulletin of the Hatch Experiment Station of the Massachusetts Agricultural College 88, 360pp.

    Ferris, G.F. (1938) Contributions to the knowledge of the Coccoidea (Homoptera). VII. (Contribution no 9). Microentomology, 3, 37–56.

    Ferris, G.F. (1938a) Atlas of the scale insects of North America. Series 2. Stanford University Press Palo Alto, California, 277 pp.

    Ferris, G.F. (1941) The genus Aspidiotus (Homoptera; Coccoidea; Diaspididae) (Contribution no. 28). Microentomology, 6, 33–69.

    Ferris, G.F. (1943) The genus Targionia Signoret and some of its allies (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae). (Contribution no. 42). Microentomology, 8, 81–111.

    Franco, J.C., Russo, A. & Marotta, S. (2011) An annotated checklist of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of Portugal, including Madeira and Azores Archipelagos. Zootaxa, 3004, 1–32

    García Morales, M., Denno, B.D., Miller, D.R., Miller, G.L., Ben-Dov, Y. & Hardy, N.B. (2017) ScaleNet: a literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics. Database (Oxford), 2016, bav118.

    Gavrilov-Zimin, I.A. & Danzig, E.M. (2015) Some additions to the mealybug fauna (Homoptera: Coccinea: Pseudococcidae) of the Canary Islands. Zoosystematica Rossica, 24 (1), 94–98.

    Green, E.E. (1896) The Coccidae of Ceylon. Part I. Dulau, London, 103 pp.

    Green, E.E. (1905) Supplementary notes on the Coccidae of Ceylon. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 16, 340–357.

    Kotinsky, J. (1903) The first North American leaf-gall diaspine. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 5, 149–150.

    Kozár F. & Konczné Benedicty Z., (2008) Description of a new genus Hispaniococcus from Spain, and a new Pseudochermes species from Canary Islands (Hemiptera Coccoidea Eriococcidae Cryptococcidae). Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Series II, 40 (3), 247–260.

    Leonardi, G. (1897) Generi e specie di diaspiti. Saggio di sistematica degli Aspidiotus. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale. Firenze, 6, 102–134.

    Lindinger, L. (1908) Coccidenstudien. I. Zur Systematik der Diaspinen. II. Kritische Notizen.. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift, 52, 96–106.

    Lindinger, L. (1911) Afrikanische Schildläuse. IV. Kanarische Cocciden. Ein Beitrag zur Fauna der Kanarischen Inseln. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 28, 1–38.

    Lindinger L. (1912) Die Schildläuse (Coccidae) Europas, Nordafrikas und Vorder-Asiens, einschließlich der Azoren, der Kanaren und Madeiras. Ulmer, Stuttgart, 388 pp.

    Lindinger, L. (1919) Observations and scientific investigations in the Canary Islands (VIII). A new Coccidae of the genus Paleococcus. Eco del Magisterio Canario, 5, 2–3.

    Lindinger, L. (1931) Bericht über die Tätigkeit der Abteilung für Pflanzenschutz... A. die Überwachung der Ein- und Ausfuhr von Obst, Pflanzen und Pflanzenteilen (amtliche pflanzenbeschau). Jahresbericht, Institut für Angewandte Botanik. Hamburg, 1930, 102–125.

    Malumphy, C. (2010) Barber giant mealybug Puto barberi (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), a neotropical pest of ornamental plants established in Gran Canaria, Spain. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 146, 21–25.

    Masten Milek, T. & Pellizzari, G. (2016) The invasive mealybug Paracoccus burnerae expands its range: new distribution and host-plant records. Bulletin of Insectology, 69 (2), 226–228.

    Matile-Ferrero, D. & Balachowsky, A.S. (1972) Contribution à l'étude de la faune des Coccoidea des îles Canaries avec description de deux espèces nouvelles (Hom.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 77, 106–114.

    Matile-Ferrero, D. & Oromí, P. (2001) Hemiptera. Coccoidea. In: Izquierdo, I., Martín, J.L., Zurita, N. & Arechavaleta, M. (Eds.), Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). Consejería de Politica territorial y Medio Ambiente Gobierno de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, pp. 186–196.

    McKenzie, H.L. (1938) The genus Aonidiella (Homoptera; Coccoidea: Diaspididae). (Contribution number 8). Microentomology, 3, 1–36.

    Miller, D.R. & Davidson, J.A. (2005) Armored Scale Insect Pests of Trees and Shrubs. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 442 pp.

    Munting, J. (1971) Notes on the genus Aspidiotus Bouché (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 34, 305–317.

    Newstead, R. (1895) Observations on Coccidae (No. 13). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 31, 233–236.

    Normark, B.B., Morse, G.E., Krewinski, A. & Okusu, A. (2014) Armored scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) of San Lorenzo National Park, Panama, with descriptions of two new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 107 (1), 37–49.

    Porcelli, F., Pellizzari, G., Matile-Ferrero, D. & Convertini, S. (2012) The unusual cover of the armoured scale Cryptaspidiotus barbusano (Lindinger) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae: Aspidiotinae) with comments on the scale covers of other Diaspididae. Annales de la Societé Entomologique de France, 48, 313–321.

    Rübsaamen, E.H. (1902) Über Zoocecidien von den Kanarischen Inseln und Madeira. Marcellia (Rivista Internazionale di Cecidologia), 1, 60–65.

    Sanders, J.G. (1906) Catalogue of recently described Coccidae. United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology, Technical Series, 12, 1–18.

    Soria, S., Del Estal, P. & Vinuela, E. (1998) Presencia en Espana de Odonaspis greeni (Cockerell) y Bambusaspis bambusae Boisduval sobre plantas ornamentales de bambu. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 24 (2), 337–342.

    Ülgentürk, S., Porcelli, F. & Pellizzari, G. (2014) The scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) on bamboos in the Western-Palearctic Region: new records and distributional data. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 6 (Supplement), 77–82.

    Weidner, V.H. & Wagner, W. (1968) Die Entomologischen Sammlungen des Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Zoologischen Museums, Hamburg. VII. Teil. Insecta IV. Mitteilungen des Hamburgischen Zoologisches Museums und Instituts, 65, 123–179.

    Westwood, J.O. (1855) The Seychelles Dorthesia. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 51, 836.

    Williams, D.J. (1986) L. Lindinger's original description of Palaeococcus tabaybae (Homoptera: Coccoidea) from Tenerife. Entomologist's Gazette, 37, 127–128.

    Williams, D.J. & Watson, G.W. (1988) The Scale Insects of the Tropical South Pacific Region. Pt. 1. The Armoured Scales (Diaspididae). CAB International, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, 290 pp.

How to Cite

PELLIZZARI, G., & PORCELLI, F. (2017). <em>Aspidiotus bornmuelleri</em> Lindinger, 1911, rev. comb. (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Diaspididae), a neglected endemic species from Macaronesia, with comments on the genus <em>Cryptophyllaspis</em>, and further notes on the scale insect fauna of Canary Islands, Spain. Zootaxa, 4300(1), 99–110.