Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2017-07-21
Page range: 573–585
Abstract views: 104
PDF downloaded: 3

Neotype designation of Aphanius iconii, first reviser action to stabilise the usage of A. fontinalis and A. meridionalis and comments on the family group names of fishes placed in Cyprinodontidae (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes)

Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Müggelseedamm 310, 12587 Berlin, Germany.
Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Department of Biology, 34134 Vezneciler, İstanbul, Turkey.
Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Department of Biology, 34134 Vezneciler, İstanbul, Turkey.
Pisces Biodiversity killifish freshwater fish taxonomy


As First Revisers, we give priority to Aphanius fontinalis over A. altus and A. litoralis and to A. meridionalis over A. parvus. A neotype is designated from Lake Eğirdir for Aphanius iconii. Family groups in the deeply polyphyletic fish family Cyprinodontidae are discussed. Aphaniidae, Cubanichthyidae and Orestiidae are proposed as distinct families, restricting the family Cyprinodontidae to the New World genera Cualac, Cyprinodon, Floridichthys, Jordanella and Megupsilon.



  1. Akşiray, F. (1948) Türkiye Cyprinodontidleri hakkında I. Türkische Cyprinodontiden I. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de I’Université d’Istanbul, 13, 97–142.

    Costa, W.J.E.M. (2015) Phylogenetic position and tentative generic placement for Cyprinodon martae Steindachner, 1875 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes), a killifish from northern Colombia. Vertebrate Zoology, 65, 27–30.

    Geiger, M.F., Herder, F., Monaghan, M.T., Almada, V., Barbieri, R., Bariche, M., Berrebi, P., Bohlen, J., Casal-Lopez, M., Delmastro, G.B., Denys, G.P.J., Dettai, A., Doadrio, I., Kalogianni, E., Kärst, H., Kottelat, M., Kovačić, M., Laporte, M., Lorenzoni, M., Marčić, Z., Özuluğ, M., Perdices, A., Perea, S., Persat, H., Porcelotti, S., Puzzi, C., Robalo, J., Šanda, R., Schneider, M., Šlechtová, V., Stoumboudi, M., Walter, S. & Freyhof, J. (2014) Spatial heterogeneity in the Mediterranean Biodiversity Hotspot affects barcoding accuracy of its freshwater fishes. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14, 1210–1221.

    Gill, T.N. (1896) Note on the nomenclature of the poecilioid fishes. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 18, 1060, 221–224.

    Helmstetter, A.J., Papadopulos, A.ST., Igea, J., Van Dooren, T.J.M., Leroi, A.M. & Savolainen, V. (2016) Viviparity stimulates diversification in an order of fish. Nature Communications, 7, 11271.

    Hrbek, T., Küçük, F., Frickey, T., Stölting, K.N., Wildekamp, R.H. & Meyer, A. (2002) Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Aphanius (Pisces, Cyprinodontiformes) species complex of central Anatolia, Turkey. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 25, 125–137.

    ICZN (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature) (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. International Trust for Zoological Nomeclature, London, 4th edition.

    Jordan, D.S. & Evermann, B.W. (1896) The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 47: i–lx + 1240 pp.

    Kottelat, M. & Freyhof, J. (2007) Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp.

    Myers, G.S. (1928) Two new genera of fishes. Copeia, 166, 7–8.

    Myers, G.S. (1931) The primary groups of oviparous cyprinodont fishes. Stanford University Publications, University Series, Biological Sciences, 6, 243–254.

    Nelson, J.S., Grande, T.C. & Wilson, M.V.H. (2016) Fishes of the World. 5th edition. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, v–xli + 707 pp.

    Parenti, L.R. (1981) A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 168, 335–557.

    Pfleiderer, S.J., Geiger, M.F. & Herder, F. (2014) Aphanius marassantensis, a new toothcarp from the Kızılırmak drainage in northern Anatolia (Cyprinidontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Zootaxa, 3887 (5), 569–582.

    Pohl, M., Milvertz, F.C., Meyer, A. & Vences, M. (2015) Multigene phylogeny of cyprinodontiform fishes suggests continental radiations and a rogue taxon position of Pantanodon. Vertebrate Zoology, 65, 37–44.

    Reis, R.E., Kullander, S.O. & Ferraris Jr., C.J. (2003) Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. CLOFFSCA. EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, xi + 729 pp.

    Reznick, D.N., Furness, A.I., Meredith, R.W. & Springer, M.S. (2017) The origin and biogeographic diversification of fishes in the family Poeciliidae. PLoS ONE, 12 (3), e0172546.

    Van der Laan, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & Fricke, R. (2014) Family-group names of recent fishes. Zootaxa, 3882 (1), 1–230.

    Villwock, W. (1958) Weitere genetische Untersuchungen zur Frage der Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen anatolischer Zahnkarpfen. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 56, 81–153.

    Villwock, W. (1963) Genetische Analyse des Merkmals ‘Beschuppung’ bei anatolischen Zahnkarpfen (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) im Auflöserversuch. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 170, 23–45.

    Villwock, W. (1964) Genetische Untersuchungen an altweltlichen Zahnkarpfen der Tribus Aphaniini (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) nach Gesichtpunkten der neuen Systematik. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 2, 267–382.

    Wildekamp, R.H. (1993) A world of killies. Atlas of the oviparous cyprinodontiform fishes of the World. American Killifish Association, Inc., Houston, TX, 311 pp.

    Wildekamp, R.H, Küçük, F., Ünlüsayın, M. & Van Neer, W. (1999) Species and subspecies of the genus Aphanius Nardo 1897 (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 23, 23–44.