Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2017-07-13

Review of the tribe Helconini Foerster s.s. from China, with the description of 18 new species

State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology and Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Agricultural Entomology, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Northwest University) and Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, 229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710069, China
State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology and Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Agricultural Entomology, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology and Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Agricultural Entomology, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Hymenoptera Braconidae Helconinae Helcon Helconidea Wroughtonia Spasskia Acaroheldcon new record new species new genus new synonyms key China East Palaearctic Oriental


The Chinese species of the tribe Helconini Foerster, 1863 s.s. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Helconinae) are reviewed. The tribe Helconini Foerster and its genera are redefined and a key to the genera of the tribe is given. Gymnoscelus rufithorax Turner, 1918, is provisionally transferred to the genus Parahelcon Kokujev, 1901 (comb. nov.). The Chinese species belonging to the genera Acarohelcon gen. nov. (type species: Acarohelcon varicolor sp. nov.), Helcon Nees, 1812, Helconidea Viereck, 1914, and Wroughtonia Cameron, 1899 (including Spasskia Belokobylskij, 1989, syn. nov.), are keyed, described and illustrated. Eighteen new species are described from China: Acarohelcon. varicolor sp. nov., Helcon sulcatus sp. nov., Wroughtonia acuta sp. nov., W. albobasalis sp. nov., W. areolata sp. nov., W. bifurcata sp. nov., W. breviantennata sp. nov., W. brachygena sp. nov., W. chui sp. nov., W. eurygenys sp. nov., W. hei sp. nov., W. jiangliae sp. nov., W. nigrifemoralis sp. nov., W. obtusa sp. nov., W. rugosa sp. nov., W. varifemora sp. nov., W. yaanensis sp. nov., and W. zhejiangensis sp. nov., Four species are reported for the first time from China: Helconidea dentipes Tobias, 1967, Wroughtonia planidorsum Watanabe, 1952, W. sibirica (Tobias, 1967) and W. unicornis (Turner, 1918). Helcon albus Chou et Hsu, 1998, H. claviventris Wesmael, 1835, H. orientalis Shestakov, 1940, Helconidea nigra Tobias, 1967, H. sibirica Tobias, 1967, Spasskia anastasiae Belokobylskij, 1998, S. brevicarinata Yan et Chen, 2014, S. indica Singh, Belokobylskij et Chauhan, 2005, and S. sigalphoides Belokobylskij, 1989, are transferred to the genus Wroughtonia (comb. nov.) and Helconidea duplidentipes Shenefelt, 1970, is replaced by H. dentipes Tobias, 1967 (reinstated). Duportia cincticornis Kieffer, 1921, is synonymized with Wroughtonia unicornis (Turner, 1918) syn. nov.



  1. Belokobylskij, S.A. (1989) A new and little known taxa of braconids of the subfamily Helconinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from the Far East of the USSR. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, 188, 23–38.

    Belokobylskij, S.A. (1998) Subfam. Helconinae. In: Lehr, P.A. (Ed.), Opredelitel’ nasekomykh Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii. Setchato krylo obraznye, skorpionnitzy, pereponchatokrylye, 4 (3), 411–420. [Dal’nauka, Vladivostok]

    Cameron, P. (1905) A third contribution to the knowledge of the Hymenoptera of Sarawak. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 44, 93–168.

    Chou, L.Y. & Hsu, T.C. (1998) The Braconidae (Hymenoptera) of Taiwan 8. Brulleiini, Diospilini and Helconini. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 47 (3), 283–314.

    Cresson, E.T. (1887) Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Supplementary Volume, 1–350.

    Fabricius, J.C. (1804) Systema Piezatorum: secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Carolum Reichard, Brunsvigae, 439 + 32 pp.

    Fahringer, J. (1934) Über Braconiden und ihre Wirte. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie, 20, 307–323.

    Foerster, A. (1863) Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Braconiden. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, 19, 225–288.

    Hedqvist, K.J. (1967) Notes on Helconini (Ichneumonoidea, Braconidae, Helconinae). Part I. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 88, 133–143.

    Gupta, V.K. & Sharma, V. (1976) Studies on Wroughtonia (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Helconinae). Oriental Insects, 10 (3), 353–362.

    ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4th Edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, xxix + 306 pp.

    Kieffer, J.J. (1911) Description d'un nouveau genre et de deux nouvelles espèces de Stephanides (Hymén.). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 80, 231–234.

    Kieffer, J.J. (1921) Sur divers Hyménoptères destructeurs des Cerambycides nuisibles au cafeier et au bambou. Bulletin Agriculture d’Institute des Sciences, Saigon, 3, 129–140.

    Ku, D.S., Belokobylskij, S.A. & Cha, J.Y. (2001) Hymenoptera (Braconidae). In: Economic Insects of Korea 16. Insecta Koreana, 23 (Supplement), pp. 1–283.

    Lepeletier, de Saint Fargeau, A. & Serville, A.J.G. (1825–28) Entomologie, ou Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, des Arachnides et des Insectes. In: Latreille, P.A. (Ed.), Latreille, P.A., Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, A., Serville, A.J.G. & Guérin-Méneville, F.É. Encyclopédie méthodique. Histoire naturelle, 1825–1828. 10 (1). Agasse, Paris, pp. 1–343 + [6] pp.

    Marsh, P.M. (1979) Braconidae. Aphidiidae. Hybrizontidae. In: Krombein, K.V., Hurd, Jr. P.D., Smith, D.R. & Burks, B.D. (Eds.), Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp. 144–313.

    Marshall, T.A. (1885) Monograph of British Braconidae. Part I. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1885, 1–280.

    Marshall, T.A. (1889) A monograph of British Braconidae. Part III. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1889, 149–211.

    Nees von Esenbeck, C.G. (1812) Ichneumonides Adsciti, in Genera et Familias Divisi. Magazin Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, 6, 183–221.

    Nees von Esenbeck, C.G. (1834) Hymenopterorum Ichneumonibus affinium monographiae, genera Europaea et species illustrantes. Vol. 1. Stuttgartiae et Tubingae, Monachii, 320 pp.

    Ratzeburg, J.T.C. (1848) Die Ichneumonen der Forstinsecten in forstlicher und entomologischer Beziehung. Zweiter Band. Nicolai'schen Buchhandlung, Berlin, 238 pp.

    Shenefelt, R.D. (1970) Braconidae 2. Helconinae, Calyptinae, Mimagathidinae, Triaspinae. Hymenopterorum Catalogus, Nova Editio, 5, 177–306.

    Sheng, M.L. (1990) New records of Hymenoptera parasitizing wood-boring insects from China. Entomotaxonomia, 12 (1), 56.

    Sheng, M.L., Liu, Z.F. & Cui, Z.Q. (1992) [Natural enemies of the tree borers in fire-slash in Daxinganling mountains] (in Chinese with English summary). Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 28 (1), 80–84.

    Singh, S., Belokobylskij, S.A., Chauhan, N. & Pande, S. (2005) Description of a new species of the genus Spasskia Belokobylskij, 1989 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from India, with first record of the genus in the Oriental Region. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 55 (1), 95–98.

    Tobias, V.I. (1967) [The Soviet Far East - the centre of abundance of the tribe Helconini (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in the Palearctic]. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Leningrad, 41, 222–238. [in Russian]

    Tobias, V.I. (1976) [Braconids of the Caucasus (Hymenoptera, Braconidae)]. Opredelitel Faune SSSR, 110, 1–286. [in Russian]

    Turner, R.E. (1918) Notes on the Braconidae in the British Museum. IV. On new Helconinae, mostly Australian. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 9, 2, 172–173.

    van Achterberg, C. (1982) The fossil species of the subfamily Blacinae described by C.T. Brues (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam, 42, 91–96.

    van Achterberg, C. (1987) Revision of the European Helconini (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Helconinae). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 61, 263–285.

    van Achterberg, C. (1988) Revision of the subfamily Blacinae Foerster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, 249, 1–324.

    van Achterberg, C. (1993) Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, 283, 1–189.

    Viereck, H.L. (1912) Contributions to our knowledge of bees and Ichneumon-flies, including descriptions of twenty-one new genera and fifty-seven new species of Ichneumon-flies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 42 (1920), 613–648.

    Viereck, H.L. (1914) Type species of the genera of Ichneumon flies. United States National Museum Bulletin, 83, 1–186.

    Watanabe, C. (1931) Notes on Braconidae of Japan. I. Helconini. Insecta Matsumurana, 6, 22–31.

    Watanabe, C. (1937) A contribution to the knowledge of the Braconid fauna of the Empire of Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido (Imp.) University, 42, 1–188.

    Watanabe, C. (1952) Notes on hymenopterous parasites of longicorn beetles, with descriptions of two new species of Braconidae. Insecta Matsumurana, 18, 25–29.

    Watanabe, C. (1972) A revision of the Helconini of Japan and review of Helconinae genera of the world (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Insecta Matsumurana, 35, 1–18.

    Wesmael, C. (1835) Monographie des Braconides de Belgique. Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles-lettres Bruxelles, 9, 1–252.

    Yan, C.-J., He, J.-H. & Chen, X.-X. (2014) The discovery of the genus Spasskia Belokobylskij, 1989 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in China, with description of a new species. Journal of Insect Science, 14 (119), 1–5.

    Yu, D.S., van Achterberg, C. & Horstmann, K. (2012) Taxapad 2012: World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. Vancouver, Canada. Available from: (accessed 29 May 2017)