Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2017-05-10
Page range: 567–577
Abstract views: 392
PDF downloaded: 5

A new species of Polyipnus (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae) from the Western South Pacific

Pacific Community. BP D5, 98848 Nouméa Cedex, New Caledonia.
Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Case postale 51, 55, rue Buffon, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France.
College of Charleston 205 Fort Johnson Charleston, SC 29412, USA.
New Caledonia Sternoptychidae Polyipnus laruei hatchetfish taxonomy Pisces Western South Pacific


A new species of marine hatchetfish, Polyipnus laruei sp. nov., is described based on one specimen collected off New Caledonia, in the Western South Pacific. This species is distinguished from the thirty-three known species of Polyipnus by the unique presence of only one OVB photophore. The new species is placed in the P. spinosus species group, characterized by the presence of minute spines on the ventral PV photophore scales and an external multispinate posttemporal process.


  1. Ahlstrom, E.H., Richards, W.J. & Weitzman, S.H. (1984) Families Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae, and associated stomiiform groups: development and relationships. In: Moser, H.G., Richards, W.J., Cohen, D.M., Fahay, M.P., Kendall Jr., A.W. & Richardson, S.L. (Eds.), Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Amerercan Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologist, Special Publication 1, pp. 184–198.

    Aizawa, M. (1990) A new species of Polyipnus (Stomiiformes, Sternoptychidae) from Suruga Bay, Japan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 37 (2), 95–97.

    Baird, R.C. (1971) The systematics, distribution and zoogeography of the marine hatchetfishes (family Sternoptychidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 142 (1), 1–128.

    Borodulina, O.D. (1979) Composition of the "Polyipnus spinosus species complex" (Sternoptychidae, Osteichthyes) with a description of three new species of this group. Voprosy Ikhtiologii, 19 (2), 198–208.

    Borodulina, O.D. (1981) Polyipnus inermis (Sternoptychidae) a new species from the south East Pacific, 21 (3), 556–558.

    Copeland, D.E. (1991) Fine structure of photophores in Gonostoma elongatum: detail of a dual gland complex. Biological Bulletin, 181(1), 144–157.

    Eschmeyer, W.N. (1998) Catalog of fishes. California academy of sciences, San Fransisco, 2905 pp.

    Fowler, H.W. (1933) Descriptions of New Fishes Obtained 1907 to 1910, Chiefly in the Philippine Islands and Adjacent Seas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 85 (1933), 233–367.

    Gilbert, C.H. (1905) The deep-sea fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission, 23, 575–713.

    Gould, S.J. (1977) Ontogeny and phylogeny. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 501 pp.

    Günther, A. (1887) Report on the deep-sea fishes collected by HMS Challenger during the years 1873–76. In: Majesty's stationery office (Ed.), The Zoological Series of Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition. Vol. XXII. Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R. N., F.R.S. and the late Captain Frank Tourle. Neill and compagny, Edinburgh, pp. 1–277.

    Harold, A.S. (1989) A new species of Polyipnus (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae) from the Coral Sea, with a revised key to the species of the P. spinosus complex. Copeia, 1989 (4), 871–876.

    Harold, A.S. (1990a) Polyipnus danae n. sp. (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae): a new hatchetfish species from the South China Sea. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68 (6), 1112–1114.

    Harold, A.S. (1990b) Redescription of Polyipnus fraseri Fowler, 1934 (Teleostei: Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae), with remarks on paedomorphosis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103 (3), 509–515.

    Harold, A.S. (1994) A taxonomic revision of the sternoptychid genus Polyipnus (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) with an analysis of phylogenetic relationships. Bulletin of marine science, 54 (2), 428–534.

    Harold, A.S., Wessel, J.H. & Johnson, R.K. (1998) A new species of Polyipnus (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) from the western Indian Ocean, with comments on sternoptychid ecology. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111 (4), 942–953.

    Harold, A.S. (2002) Order Stomiiformes: Gonostomatidae. In: Carpenter, K.E. (Ed.), The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2. Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). FAO, Rome, pp. 889–892.

    Harold, A.S., Kemp, I.M., Shore, S. K. (2016) A new species of Polyipnus (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) from the western Pacific, with comments on the P. triphanos species complex. Zootaxa, 4111 (5), 555–564.

    Hermann, D.J. (1781) Über ein neues amerikanisches Fischgeschlecht, Sternoptyx diaphana, der durchsichtige Brust-Falten-Fisch. Der Naturforscher, 1781, 8–36.

    Herring, P.J. & Morin, J.G. (1978) Bioluminescence in fishes. In: Herring, P.J. (Ed.), Bioluminescence in Action. Academic Press, London, pp. 273–329.

    Hopkins, T.L. & Baird, R.C. (1985) Feeding ecology of four hatchetfishes (Sternoptychidae) in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 36 (2), 260–277.

    Johnson, G.D. & Brothers, E.B. (1993) Schindleria: A paedomorphic goby (Teleostei: Gobioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science, 52, 441–471.

    Jordan, D.S. & Starks, E.C. (1904) List of fishes dredged by the Steamer Albatross Off the coast of Japan in the summer of 1900, with descriptions of new species and a review of the Japanese Macrouridae. Bulletin of the United States fish commission for 1902, 577–630.

    Kinzer, J. & Schulz, K. (1988) Vertical distribution and feeding patterns of midwater fish in the central equatorial Atlantic II. Sternoptychidae. Marine Biology, 99 (2), 261–269.

    Kottelat, M., Britz, R., Hui, T.H. & Witte, K.-E. (2006) Paedocypris, a new genus of Southeast Asian cyprinid fish with a remarkable sexual dimorphism, comprises the world’s smallest vertebrate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273(1589), 895–899.

    Kotthaus, A. (1967) Fische des Indischen Ozeans. Ergebnisse der ichthyologischen Untersuchungen während der Expedition des Forschungsschiffes "Meteor" in den Indischen Ozean. German Research Society, Reihe D, 4 (1), 1–84.

    Last, P.R. & Harold, A.S. (1994) Polyipnus latirastrus n. sp., a new and unusual hatchetfish (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae) from the Western Pacific. Copeia, 1994 (1), 210–215.

    McCulloch, A.R. (1914) Report on Some Fishes Obtained by the FIS“ Endeavour” on the Coasts of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South and South-Western Australia. Zoological results of the fishing experiments carried out by the F.I.S. Endeavour, 1909-1914. Biological Results Endeavour, 2 (3), 77–199.

    Schultz, L.P. (1938) Review of the fishes of the genera Polyipnus and Argyropelecus (Family Sternoptichidae), with descriptions of three new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 86 (3047), 135–155.

    Schultz, L.P. (1961) Revision of the marine silver hatchetfishes (family Sternoptychidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 112 (3449), 587–649.

    Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (1986) Smiths’ Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris & Tokyo, 1047 pp.

    Ward, R.D., Zemlak, T.S., Innes, B.H., Last, P.R. & Hebert, P.D.N. (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 360, 1847–1857.

    Weitzman, S.H. (1986) Order STOMIIFORMES. In: Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (Eds.), Smith’s Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris & Tokyo, pp. 227–254.