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Article
Published: 2017-02-26

Updated list of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from the Spanish Pyrenees with notes on their decline and conservation status 

Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física. Facultad de Biología. Universidad Complutense. c/ José Antonio Nováis, 12. 28040 Madrid, Spain.
Departamento de Biología Animal, Ecología, Parasitología y Edafología. Universidad de Salamanca. Campus Miguel de Unamuno s/n. 37071 Salamanca, Spain.
Departamento Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Veterinaria, Campus de Espinardo, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.
Hymenoptera Biodiversity Bombus decline habitat loss pollinators Spain

Abstract

The Pyrenees, where Euro-Siberian, Mediterranean and alpine faunas join together, have a large biodiversity of bumblebees. We compiled historical literature records of bumblebee species from the Spanish Pyrenees, and then compared these to contemporary surveys to assess trends in elevational distribution. Twenty-eight species (including thirty-five subspecies) were found in the contemporary survey. Nine species and two subspecies previously present were not detected, some included on the Spanish Red List. With the exception of a few species, a reduction of the altitudinal range and an orophilous tendency was observed at both upper and lower elevational levels, suggesting an upward trend towards better-preserved high areas. Our results reinforce the need to develop new protection programs and more restrictive conservation measures for bumblebee populations, species and their habitats.

 

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How to Cite

ORNOSA, C., TORRES, F., & RÚA, P. D. L. (2017). Updated list of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from the Spanish Pyrenees with notes on their decline and conservation status . Zootaxa, 4237(1), 41–77. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4237.1.3