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Type: Article
Published: 2017-02-23
Page range: 401–449
Abstract views: 178
PDF downloaded: 3

Cryptic diversity in the Azorean beetle genus Tarphius Erichson, 1845 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae): An integrative taxonomic approach with description of four new species

cE3c—Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/ Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores—Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila s/n, 9700-042, Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal.
cE3c—Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/ Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores—Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila s/n, 9700-042, Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal.
cE3c—Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/ Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores—Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila s/n, 9700-042, Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal. Department of Ecology and Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens GR-15784, Greece.
cE3c—Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes/ Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores—Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Rua Capitão João d’Ávila s/n, 9700-042, Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal. Environment and Microbiology Team, MELODY group, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, IPREM UMR CNRS 5254, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex, France
Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group, Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiología, C/Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez 3, La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, 38206, Spain.
cE3c—Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal.
Coleoptera Azores biodiversity conservation Macaronesia radiation Zopheridae


Recent findings based on molecular data support the occurrence in the Azores of several independently evolving lineages of the beetle genus Tarphius Erichson, 1845 (Coleoptera: Zopheridae Solier, 1834) and higher species richness masked by cryptic diversity, needing formal taxonomic description. All Tarphius from the Azores are revised using an integrative taxonomic approach, using evidence from morphology, morphometrics and molecular data to delimit species. Our results reveal that Azorean Tarphius comprise at least five phyletic lineages, two of which share a similar morphology, despite being divergent at the molecular level. A total of four new species are described grouped into two complexes: i) two new species in the “complex tornvalli” with the new taxa Tarphius relictus sp. nov. (Terceira) and Tarphius furtadoi sp. nov. (São Jorge, Faial and Pico) and; ii) two new species in the “complex azoricus-wollastoni-depressus” with the new taxa Tarphius gabrielae sp. nov. (Pico) and Tarphius floresensis sp. nov. (Flores). Descriptions, photographs of holotypes and morphological details, and remarks on diagnostic features comparing similar species are presented. Additional information on the distribution and conservation status of the 12 described species in the archipelago is also provided.



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