Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2017-02-06

Discovery of the genus Claraeola Aczél in Iran with the description of two new species (Diptera: Pipunculidae)

Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, P.O. Box: 98615-53, Iran.
Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Museum of Zoology, Königsbrücker Landstrasse 159, 01109 Dresden, Germany.
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, P.O. Box: 98615-53, Iran.
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, P.O. Box: 98615-53, Iran.
Insect Taxonomy Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), 19395–1454, Tehran, Iran.
Diptera big-headed flies Middle East DNA barcoding identification key

Abstract

The genus Claraeola Aczél is recorded from Iran for the first time. Two new species, Claraeola parnianae Motamedinia & Kehlmaier sp. nov. and Claraeola khorshidae Motamedinia & Kehlmaier sp. nov., are described and illustrated. An updated identification key to the Western Palaearctic species of the genus Claraeola is provided. Both species were characterized morphologically and by DNA barcoding of the mitochondrial COI gene.

 

References

  1. Becker, T. (1913) Persische Dipteren von den Expeditionen des Herrn N. Zarudny 1898 und 1901. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg, 17, 503–654.

    Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3, 294–299.

    Földvári, M. (2013) Taxonomic revision of the Afrotropical species of the tribe Eudorylini (Diptera, Pipunculidae). Zootaxa, 3656, 1–121.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3656.1.1

    Gharali, B., Kehlmaier, C., Gadiri Rad, S. & Kamangar, S. (2008) Pipunculid flies of Iran: important and overlooked parasitoids. In: Manzari, S. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Volume I: Pests, 24–27 August 2008, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran. Asna Printing Group, Hamedan, p. 99.

    Hardy, D.E. (1971) Pipunculidae (Diptera) parasitic on rice leaf hoppers in the Oriental region. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 21, 79–91.

    Huq, S.B. (1985) Über Eudorylas subterminalis Coll. (Dipt., Pipunculidae) als Parasit bei Cicadellidae (Homoptera) in Berlin (West). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 58, 147–149.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01903133

    Jervis, M.A. (1992) A taxonomic revision of the pipunculid fly genus Chalarus Walker, with particular reference to the European fauna. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 105, 243–352.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1992.tb01232.x

    Kehlmaier, C. (2005a) Taxonomic revision of European Eudorylini (Insecta, Diptera, Pipunculidae). Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg, (NF), 41, 45–353.

    Kehlmaier, C. (2005b) Taxonomic studies on Palaearctic and Oriental Eudorylini (Diptera: Pipunculidae), with the description of three new species. Zootaxa, 1030, 1–48.

    Kehlmaier, C., Dierick, M. & Skevington, J.H. (2014) Micro-CT studies of amber inclusions reveal internal genitalic features of big-headed flies, enabling a systematic placement of Metanephrocerus Aczél, 1948 (Insecta: Diptera: Pipunculidae). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny, 72, 23–36.

    Kehlmaier, C. & Floren, A. (2010) Pipunculidae (Diptera) collected by canopy-fogging in the Białowieża Forest (Poland), including first host records and larval descriptions of two Palaearctic Nephrocerus Zetterstedt. Studia dipterologica, 16, 161–181.

    Kehlmaier, C. & Majnon Jahromi, B. (2015) On the presence of Pipunculidae (Diptera) in Iran. Studia dipterologica, 21 (2014), 29–36.

    Kehlmaier, C., Michalko, R. & Korenko, S. (2012) Ogcodes fumatus (Diptera: Acroceridae) reared from Philodromus cespitum (Araneae: Philodromidae), and first evidence of Wolbachia Alphaproteobacteria in Acroceridae. Annales Zoologici, 62, 281–286.
    https://doi.org/10.3161/000345412X652819

    Koenig, D.P. & Young, C.W. (2007) First observation of parasitic relations between big-headed flies, Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera: Pipunculidae) and crane flies, Tipula Linnaeus (Diptera: Tipulidae: Tipulinae), with larval and puparial descriptions for the genus Nephrocerus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 109, 52–65.

    Kozánek, M. & Kwon, Y.J. (1991) Classification of the Family Pipunculidae from Korea (Diptera) Part I. On the genus Moriparia gen. nov. from North Korea. Insecta Koreana, 8, 76–84.

    Kozánek, M., Suh, S.J. & Kwon, Y.J. (2003) Taxonomy of the Genus Moriparia Kozánek et Kwon (Diptera: Pipunculidae) from Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology, 33, 99–103.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5967.2003.tb00057.x

    Mozaffarian, F. & Wilson, M.R. (2016) A checklist of the leafhoppers of Iran (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae). Zootaxa, 4062, 1–63.
    https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4062.1.1

    Rafael, J.A. & Skevington, J.H. (2010) Pipunculidae (big-headed flies). In: Brown, B.V., Borkent, A., Cumming, J.M., Wood, D.M., Woodley, N.E. & Zumbado, M.A. (Eds.), Manual of Central American Diptera, vol 2. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 793–803.

    Skevington, J.H. (2002) Phylogenetic revision of Australian members of the Allomethus genus group (Diptera: Pipunculidae). Journal of Insect Systematics and Evolution, 33, 133–161.
    https://doi.org/10.1163/187631202X00109

    Skevington, J.H. & Marshall, S.A. (1997) First record of a big-headed fly, Eudorylas alernatus (Cresson) (Diptera: Pipunculidae) reared from the subfamily Cicadellinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), with an overview of pipunculid-host associations in the Nearctic region. Canadian Entomologist, 129, 387–398.
    https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent129387-3

    Skevington, J.H. & Yeates, D.K. (2001) Phylogenetic classification of Eudorylini (Diptera, Pipunculidae). Systematic Entomology, 26, 421–452.
    https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0307-6970.2001.00160.x

    van Achterberg, C. (2009) Can Townes type Malaise traps be improved? Some recent developments. Entomologische Berichten, 69, 129–135.

    Williams, F.X. (1918) Some observations on Pipunculus, a fly which parasitizes the cane leafhopper, at Pahala, Hawaii, February 11–April 25, 1918. Hawaiian Planter’s Record, 19, 189–192.

How to Cite

MOTAMEDINIA, B., KEHLMAIER, C., MOKHTARI, A., RAKHSHANI, E., & GILASIAN, E. (2017). Discovery of the genus <em>Claraeola</em> Aczél in Iran with the description of two new species (Diptera: Pipunculidae). Zootaxa, 4227(4), 563–572. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4227.4.6