Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Monograph
Published: 2016-12-22
Page range: 1–205
Abstract views: 110
PDF downloaded: 2

The Caucasus as a major hotspot of biodiversity: Evidence from the millipede family Anthroleucosomatidae (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida)

Institute of Zoology, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Biology, Studentski Trg 3, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Institute of Zoology, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Biology, Studentski Trg 3, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Myriapoda Anthroleucosomatidae Caucasus taxonomy new genera new species new synonymy new combination

Abstract

Fifteen new genera and 36 new species of the diplopod family Anthroleucosomatidae Verhoeff, 1899 are described from the Caucasus, one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots: Golovatchosoma bacillichaetum gen. et sp. nov., G. trichochaetum sp. nov., Alpinella waltheri gen. et sp. nov., Brachychaetosoma turbanovi gen. et sp. nov., Caucaseuma elephantum sp. nov., C. fanagoriyskaya sp. nov., C. glabroscutum sp. nov., C. kelasuri sp. nov., C. minellii sp. nov., C. variabile sp. nov., Caucasominorus billi gen. et sp. nov., C. polylobatus sp. nov., Georgiosoma bicornutum gen. et sp. nov., Heterocaucaseuma feminaepectorum gen. et sp. nov., H. longicorne sp. nov., Paranotosoma attemsi gen. et sp. nov., P. cordatum sp. nov., P. subrotundatum sp. nov., Dentatosoma denticulatum gen. et sp. nov., D. magnum sp. nov., D. zeraboseli sp. nov., Enghoffiella insolita gen. et sp. nov., Metamastigophorophyllon hamatum sp. nov., M. lamellohirsutum sp. nov., M. torsivum sp. nov., Acanthophorella barjadzei gen. et sp. nov., A. chegemi sp. nov., A. irystoni sp. nov., Cryptacanthophorella manubriata gen. et sp. nov., Flagellophorella hoffmani gen. et sp. nov., Pseudoflagellophorella eskovi gen. et sp. nov., P. mirabilis sp. nov., P. papilioformis sp. nov., Herculina oligosagittae gen. et sp. nov., H. polysagittae sp. nov., Vegrandosoma tabacarui gen. et sp. nov. All anthroleucosomatids from the Caucasus, both new and previously described, are classified in eight endemic complexes, arranged as follows in alphabetic order: the Alloiopus complex, the Caucaseuma complex, the Dentatosoma complex, the Enghoffiella complex, the Flagellophorella complex, the Herculina complex, the Ratcheuma complex and the Vegrandosoma complex. The genus Metamastigophorophyllon Ceuca, 1976 (the type-species: Mastigophorophyllon giljarovi Lang, 1959, adequately redescribed from new material), is a new subjective senior synonym of Persedicus Mauriès, 1982, syn. nov., being also newly transferred from the family Mastigophorophyllidae to the family Anthroleucosomatidae, comb. nov. The following two new combinations are also proposed: Heterocaucaseuma mauriesi (Golovatch and Makarov, 2011), comb. nov. ex Anamastigona Silvestri, 1898; and Metamastigophorophyllon martensi (Mauriès, 1982), comb. nov. ex Persedicus Mauriès, 1982. An identification key to and distribution maps for all known species of Caucasian Anthroleucosomatidae are provided, as well as brief remarks on distributions and on cave-dwelling taxa.

 

References

  1. Antić, D.Ž., Tomić, V.T., Ćurčić, B.P.M., Ćurčić, S.B., Stamenković, S.P., Lučić, L.R., & Makarov, S.E. (2014) Genus Belbogosoma Ćurčić & Makarov, 2008, with descriptions of new troglobitic species from east Serbia, Balkan Peninsula (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida: Anthroleucosomatidae). Archives of Biological Science, Belgrade, 66 (2), 907–918.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/ABS1402907A

    Attems, C. (1951) Ergebnisse der Österreichischen Iran-Expedition 1949/50. Myriopoden vom Iran gesammelt von der Expedition Hainz Löffler und Genossen 1949/50. Sitzungsberichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abt. I, 160, 387–426.

    Bababekova, L.A. (1996) [The subphylum of tracheates—Tracheata]. In: Aliev, S.V. & Kasymov, E.G. (Eds.), Animal life of Azerbaijan 2: The phylum of arthropods. Elm Publishers, Baku, pp. 89–97. [in Russian]

    Brade-Birks, H.K., & Brade-Birks, S.G. (1918) Notes on Myriapoda, VII. A new member of the order Ascospermophora (Iacksoneuma bradeae, gen. et sp. nov.). Journal of Zoological Research, 2 (4), 135–149.

    Ceuca, T. (1976) Genul Mastigophorophyllon Verh. 1897 (Diplopoda – Ascospermophora). Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai, Series biologia, 21, 37–43.

    Chumachenko, Y.A. (2016) The population of millipede (Diplopoda) in a yew-boxtree grove of the Caucasian Nature Reserve (Russia). Zoologocheskii Zhurnal, 95 (4), 406–416. [In Russian, English summary]

    Ćurčić, B.P.M. & Makarov, S.E. (2000) A revision of some species of Bulgarosoma Verhoeff (Anthroleucosomatidae, Myriapoda) from the Balkan Peninsula. Archives of Biological Sciences, 52, 173–178.

    Ćurčić, B.P.M., Makarov, S.E., Tomić, V.T. & Mitić, B.M. (2007) Global review of some Anthroleucosomatidae (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida) with description of a new millipede genus from the Balkan Peninsula. Canadian Entomologist, 139, 478–488.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/n06-062

    Ćurčić, B.P.M., Makarov, S.E., Tomić, V.T., Mitić, B.M., Ćurčić, S.B., Dudić, B.D., Lučić, L.R. & Jasnić, N. (2008) On a new genus of endemic millipedes (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida: Anthroleucosomatidae) from the Balkan Peninsula. Zootaxa, 1743, 1–16.

    Enghoff, H. (2006) The millipedes of Turkey (Diplopoda). Steenstrupia, 29 (2), 175–198

    Enghoff, H. & Moravvej, S.A. (2005) A review of the millipede fauna of Iran (Diplopoda). Zoology in the Middle East, 35, 61–72.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2005.10638104

    Golovatch, S.I. (1981) Some new forms of millipedes (Diplopoda) from the Caucasus. Annales zoologici (Warszawa), 36, 105–116.

    Golovatch, S.I. (1985) Two new genera of cave-dwelling millipedes (Diplopoda), with remarks on the millipede fauna of West Caucasian caves. International Journal of Speleology, 14, 39–50.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1827-806X.14.1.5

    Golovatch, S.I. & Makarov, S.E. (2011) Two new, easternmost species of the millipede genus Anamastigona Silvestri, 1898 from Israel and the Caucasus (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida: Anthroleucosomatidae). Arthropoda Selecta, 20 (1), 11–20.

    Koch, C.L. (1847) System der Myriapoden mit den Verzeichnissen und Berichtigungen zu Deutschlands Crustaceen, Myriapoden und Arachniden. In: Panzer & Herrich-Schäffer, A.: Kritische Revision der Insectenfaune Deutschlands, III. Bändchen, Regensburg, 1–196.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.49866

    Korobushkin, D.I., Semenyuk, I.I. & Tuf, I.H. (2016) An annotated checklist of the Chilopoda and Diplopoda (Myriapoda) of the Abrau Peninsula, northwestern Caucasus, Russia. Biodiversity Data Journal, 4, e7308.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/bdj.4.e7308

    Lang, J. (1959) [To the knowledge of millipedes (Diplopoda) of the USSR territory] // Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 38 (12), 1790–1796. [In Russian, a summary in English]

    Leach, W.E. (1815) A tabular view of the external characters of four classes of animals, which Linné arranged under Insecta; with the Distribution of the genera composing three of these classes into orders, and descriptions of several new genera and species. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 11 (2), 306–400.

    Lignau, N. (1903) [Myriapods of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus]. Die Myriopoden am Kaukasischen Schwarzmeerufer. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de la Nouvelle-Russie [Zapiski Imperatorskogo Novorossiyskogo obshchestva estestvoispytateley. Odessa], 25 (1), 82–149. [In Russian and German]

    Lignau, N. (1915) Vielfüssler aus Abchasien. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Petrograd [Ezhegodnik zoologicheskogo muzeya Imperatorskoy akademii nauk. Petrograd], 19, 349–401. [for 1914]

    Lohmander, H. (1936) Über die Diplopoden des Kaukasusgebietes. Göteborgs Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhälles Handlingar, Series 5B, 5 (1), 1–196.

    Makarov, S.E., Mitić, B.M. & Ćurčić S.B. (2003) Svarogosoma bozidarcurcici n. g., n. sp., (Diplopoda, Anthroleucosomatidae) from the Balkan Peninsula, with notes on its phylogeny. Periodicum Biologorum, 105, 465–472.

    Makarov, S.E., Rađa, T., Rađa, B., Tomić, V.T., Mitić, B.M. & Ćurčić, B.P.M. (2007) Anamastigona radmani sp. n. (Diplopoda, Anthroleucosomatidae) from Croatia. Biologia (Zool.), 62 (5), 581–587.

    Makarov, S.E., Ćurčić, B.P.M., Milinčić, M., Pecelj, M., Antić, D.Ž. & Mitić, B.M. (2012) A new genus and species of the family Anthroleucosomatidaefrom Serbia (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Chordeumatida). Archives of Biological Sciences, Belgrade, 64 (2), 793–798.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/ABS1202793M

    Mauriés, J.-P. (1982) Diplopoda d’Iran: Persedicus n. gen. (Craspedosomida: Anthroleucosomidae). Senckenbergiana biologica, 62, 385–390.

    Mauriés, J.-P., Golovatch, S.I. & Stoev, P. (1997) The millipedes of Albania: recent data, new taxa; systematical, nomenclatural and faunistical review (Myriapoda, Diplopoda). Zoosystema, 19 (2–3), 255–292.

    Muralewicz, W.S. (1907) Zur Myriapodenfauna des Kaukasus. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31 (11/12), 329–351.

    Muralewicz, W.S. (1911) [Essay on the fauna of Myriopoda of the Caucasus]. Mitteilungen des Kaukasischen Museums [Izvestiya Kavkazskogo muzeya], 5, 1–80. [Tiflis, in Russian]

    Muralewicz, W.S. (1913) [Arthropods.—Arthropoda. Chapter VII. Class of myriapods.—Myriapoda]. Proceedings of the Society for the Study of the Black Sea Coast [Trudy Obshchestva izucheniya Chernomorskogo poberezhya], 2, 215–221. [Sankt-Peterburg, in Russian]

    Muralewicz, W.S. (1927) [To the fauna of Myriopoda of the Caucasus]. Acta Societatis Entomologicae Stauropolitanae [Izvestiya Stavropolskogo entomologicheskogo obshchestva], 3 (1), 1–7. [Stavropol, in Russian]

    Rakhmanov, R.R. (1972) [Millipedes of Azerbaijan’s Lenkoran zone]. In: Ghilarov, M.S. (Ed.), Problems of Soil Zoology. Materials of the 4th All-Union Conference, Baku, 1972 (Abstracts). Nauka Publ., Moscow, p. 116. [in Russian]

    Samedov, N.G., Bababekova, L.A. & Rakhmanov, R.R. (1972) [Distribution of myriapods (Myriopoda) in various soil types of Lenkoran]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 51 (8), 1244–1247. [in Russian, a summary in English]

    Shear, W.A. (1988) Systematic position of the milliped species Alloiopus solitarius Attems and the genus Ghilarovia Gulička (Chordeumatida, Anthroleucosomatidae). Myriapodologica, 2 (8), 51–58.

    Silvestri, F. (1898) Contributo alla conosceza dei Chilopodi e Diplopodi della Sicilia. Bollettino della Società entomologica Italiana, 29 (4), 233–261.

    Spelda, J. (2001) Review of the millipede genus Pterygophorosoma Verhoeff, 1897 (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Craspedosomatidae). Andrias, 15, 29–48.

    Strasser, K. (1970) Über einige Diplopoden aus dem westlichen Kaukasus. Revue suisse de zoologie, 77 (1), 199–205.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.75888

    Tabacaru, I. & Giurginca, A. (2005) Bulgardicus bucharestensis n. sp. with a note on the family Anthroleucosomatidae (Diplopoda, Craspedosomatida). Travaux de l’Institut de Spéléologie, 43/44, 91–108.

    Vagalinski, B. & Golovatch, S.I. (2016) Two new species of Anamastigona from Cyprus and an updated key to species of the genus (Diplopoda: Chordeumatida: Anthroleucosomatidae). European Journal of Taxonomy, 227, 1–19.

    Verhoeff, K. (1897) Beiträge zur vergleichenden Morphologie, Gattungs- und Artsystematik der Diplopoden, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung derjenigen Siebenbürgens. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 20 (528), 97–125.

    Verhoeff, K. (1899) Beiträge zur Kenntniss paläarktischer Myriopoden. VIII. Aufsatz: Zur vergleichenden Morphologie, Phylogenie, Gruppen- und Art-Systematik der Chordeumiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 65 (1), 138–219.